News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910.
Just for comparison, the average American consumes 150 pounds of sugar today.
All Took Sugar in
Washington, Special—The average American ate 82 pounds of
sugar last year, which was more than he ever had before in the history of the
country, according to figures made public by the Department of Commerce and
Labor for the 12 months ended June 30.
The total amount of sugar eaten by Americans during the year
is estimated at 7 ½ billion pounds. Only in two previous years did the total
ever approach the 7 billion mark, and only on four other occasions did it
exceed 6 billion.
News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910
Every Bone Broken…Boy
Balloonist Turns Over and Over 2,000 Feet…Head Severed on Apple Tree…Across 4,000
Feet…First Parachute Opened Successfully…Ropes Snapped on Second Drop
New York, Special—Benny Prinz, a young balloonist, met a
horrible death Friday afternoon at the close of the aviation meet at Asbury
Park, N.J. In making a double parachute drop, the second parachute failed to
open and he fell more than 2,000 feet. As the swaying body neared the ground,
it struck the limb of an apple tree and the boy’s head was transfixed on the
limb like an apple on a sharp stick. As it struck the ground the headless body
was crushed into an unrecognizable mass.
Prinz was 26 years old and a daring balloonist. With Samuel
Hartland of Neward, he went up in a hot air balloon. At the height of 1,000
feet, Hartland cut loose with one parachute and made a successful landing.
Lightened by the drop of Hartland, the craft shot up until it reached about
4,000 feet. Then Prinz cut loose. Those who saw his figure say he fell 500 feet
before his parachute opened. He sailed slowly earthward for another thousand
feet and then cut loose again. There was another terrific drop of about 500
feet when the second parachute opened it checked his fall for a second, then
the ropes snapped and the body of the young man shot straight down. Over and
over the figure turned, faster and faster, gaining momentum with each
revolution. He was shooting head down first when he crashed into the tree,
impaling his head on a limb. In the headless trunk every bone was broken.
Several of those who witnessed the accident fainted from the horror of the
A Creamery for
Stanly…What It Is and What It May Mean to Farmers of the County
For the past several months, the question of getting ready
for and the establishment of a creamery for Stanly County has been kept before
the people in some shape or form.
The matter assumed some shape at the banquet given by the
farmers of the county, when a number of business and professional men were
invited to participate therein. We published the names of the creamery
committee in our past issue, and these men will very soon make a report of
Some have only a vague idea as to just what a creamery is
and what it means to the county. It is a co-operative in the sense that a
number of farmers or farmers and business men join together and form a
co-partnership, corporation, or become joint stockholders in the enterprise. In
its organization, it resembles any other business venture, and stock
certificates are issued according to the amount invested by each participant.
To establish a creamer for the making of butter alone, would
perhaps cost in equipment alone around six or eight thousand dollars. If ice
cream should be one of the objects or products, then additional machinery and
equipment would be required, and the sum total would about double this
In addition to cream, butter, and ice cream, it is easily
seen that a poultry business could be added to the other, and the sale of
chickens and eggs would increase the revenue to be derived therefrom.
In its practical working, in order to make it a success,
some 300 cows are first necessary. These may be owned by farmers in every
section of the county, and will be. Milk routes will be formed, and the
creamery will send a collector out once or twice each week. The cream has been
separated by the farmer from the milk, and the collector has a means for
determining the strength of the cream, or the percentage of butter fat therein.
A ticket or memoranda is made thereof, and notation of the amount of cream so
furnished by each farmer, and settlement is made in cash or otherwise at stated
With weekly or semi-weekly collections of cream from 300 cows,
the whole goes into bulk and is manufactured into butter at the creamery, or
into both butter and ice cream, as the case may be, and the creamery itself
markets this product.
To make it a success, there must be good business
management, and like any other business the success will depend upon the
activities of the management and the quality of the product. For the first year
or perhaps two, the investment might not yield a dividend, and if one at all
only a small one, for the reason that a new concern does not have the advantage
of one already established.
But it is easily seen that it provides regular sales of
cream from the cows owned by a hundred or more farmers. It likewise means that
Stanly County will place her imprint on the quality of butter made, and that
this should find ready sales at home and elsewhere. Its possibilities will
expand each year as the business grows, and we know of no effort farmers can
make which would mean more in a business way for the general welfare of the
county than by the establishment of a creamery.
Raleigh, Aug. 6—Chicago would welcome the return of many
negroes to the southern states, according to the tone of a telegram received by
Governor Bickett today from The Chicago
Herald-Examiner. The telegram says:
“Many negroes who came here for war work are anxious to
return south if the south needs them. The spokesman ask us to inquire how many
your state can absorb. They are of the most industrious class, distinct from
the bad element responsible for difficulties here. Please rush answer.”
The Governor’s answer was that North Carolina can absorb
25,000 negroes who want to return from Illinois to the South unless they have
become tainted or intoxicated with dreams of social equality or political
From the Forest City Courier,
as reprinted in The Eagle, Cherryville,
N.C., August 7, 1919
It seems that young America is running wild in this section.
Wednesday Chief of Police Bob Kendrick had 26 boys, ranging in ages from 9 to
14 years, in the lockup all at one time. These boys were charged with robbing
watermelon patches and willfully destroying same. We are told that they did
more than $100 damage in one field, going from one end of the field to the
other, cutting the melons open, both ripe and green. They are said to have
robbed many patches in this section.
One of the most brilliant weddings of the season was
solemnized last Wednesday evening at 9 o’clock in the First Baptist Church here
when Miss Lena Kendrick, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. N.B. Kendrick became the
bride of James Dart Hobbs of Bessemer City.
The church was beautifully decorated in rainbow colors with
ivy-twined arches over the aisles and improvised altar.
Before the ceremony Haywood Kendrick, brother of the bride,
accompanied by Miss Lois Kendrick, sang, “I Love You Truly” and “O, Promise
Me.” Then to the strains of Mendelssohn’s wedding march, the bridal party
entered. The bridesmaids were gowned in lovely creations of sheer organdy and
carrying pink Killarney roses entered, the groomsmen meeting them from the
opposite aisle. Miss Madge Summitt with Garrie Kendrick, brother of the bride,
Miss Mable Browne with H.H. Allen, Miss Mildred Farris with Hazel Browne, Miss
Lula Kennedy of Bessemer City with Lake Hobbs, brother of the groom. Miss Annie
Lee Craft of Wadesboro, maid of honor, entered, dressed in yellow organdy with
hat to match. Miss Craft also carried pink Killarney roses.
Preceding the bride, little Miss Margaret Summer, niece of
the bride, dressed in dainty white organdy, entered bearing the ring in a
cluster of bride roses, as the flower girls, Annie Sue McDowell and Hattie Bess
Kendrick in net trimmed in satin ribbon and tulle and carrying baskets of white
roses and pink rose petals came down opposite aisles.
On the arm of her father, the bride in a lovely dress of
white pussy willow satin trimmed in pearls and a court train falling in graceful
folds, entered the church and was met at the altar by the groom attended by
S.Q. McCraw as best man. The bride’s veil was coronet style and she carried a
bouquet of bride roses. The impressive ring ceremony was used by Rev. D.F.
Putnam, pastor of the bride.
The group’s present to the bride was a handsome necklace of
pearls. The many beautiful and costly presents of linen, silver and cut glass
attest the esteem in which this happy young couple are held by their many
friends throughout North Carolina and other states.
The bride is the attractive and accomplished daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. N.B. Kendrick, having received her education at Meredith College. The
groom is a most successful business man who gave up his business here to enter
the army and has just recently returned from France. He will resume his work
here the first of September, opening a dry goods store in the building he
Immediately after the ceremony the couple, accompanied by
the bridal party, left in automobiles for Charlotte. From there they left for
Washington and other northern points.
In 1950 women in the neighborhood met at the home of
Elizabeth Davenport to form a Home Demonstration club with county agent Rita
Preston. The agent would come to the meetings and demonstrate or talk about
whatever was on the agenda each month. Wives and mothers were eager and came to
For years the women knew they could call the agent for
answers to many homemaking questions. If
she didn’t know the answer she would go to work to try to find answers.
Many wives got up in the mornings before or when their
husbands did: 3, 4, or 5 a.m. They cooked breakfast and helped where needed
on the farm: Working in the field,
working at the barn, feeding chickens, picking up eggs, feeding the cows,
milking the cows, making butter; feeding
the hogs, helping on hog killing days (cooking chitlins, making crackling
biscuits, measuring the lard, cooking souse).
Their work was endless: they
chopped the garden, did the canning, freezing and pickling, cut hedges in the
yard, took food to neighborhood funerals, washed clothes in a ringer washing
machine and rinsed them in a tin wash tub (all by hand), hung the clothes out
(with wooden clothes pins) on a clothes line that went from one pole to another
or one tree to another. In the middle of
the clothesline there would be a long thin pole made from a small tree or limb
from the woods (leaves stripped off).
With this pole they would push the line
up high so nothing would touch the clothes and they would be up where the wind
could blow them dry. They darned socks,
polished furniture, cleaned windows, scrubbed floors, made clothes for their
families, quilted quilts to keep them all warm, made homemade ice cream in ice
tray’s in the refrigerator-freezer, cooked birthday cakes from “scratch”, made
homemade cookies from “scratch”, cooked candy on the stove top, fixed beds,
cleaned out cabinets and refrigerators. Some crochet, knitted, did smocking,
painted furniture, upholstered furniture, painted rooms in the house, starched
and ironed almost EVERYTHING.
Televisions and telephones and indoor plumbing was not yet in all county
homes. Even electricity was a wonderful
new thing in the country in the 40’s and 50’s.
Many nights mothers were up long hours rocking a baby that
couldn’t sleep or with a sick child or sewing or ironing or finishing something
for the family or lending an ear over the phone or by the side of a friend or
family member to console them for whatever sorrow they may have been burdened
They did not seem to be afraid to do or try whatever had to
be done and STILL cooked three meals a day from scratch. They could kill a
chicken, pluck the feathers, singe the hair off, cut it, wash it and fix all
the fixings to go with it. Then they washed and dried the dishes all by hand.
While things like all
this was going on mother’s still found time for their children: They went to their children’s school
functions, helped them with homework, special projects, went to recitals and
school plays, PTA meetings, cooked candies and cakes for grade-mother duties,
told bedtime stories and while swinging
with them sing songs to the children or with the children. They made sure elbows, knees and behind ears
were clean, teeth and hair brushed. On
Sunday, day of rest, they made sure the children and clothes were clean, shoes
polished and parents went with their children (maybe took neighbors with them)
to worship at the neighborhood church.
We were taught to pray before meals and to kneel by our beds to pray
before sleep at night, sometimes by example as well as being told.
The county agents that I remember in the 1960s were Virginia
Credle and Carolyn Alligood. They were
extremely helpful for the Beaufort county women.
Before the 1960s were over, housewives began taking jobs
outside the home and it became difficult to go to meetings (can you imagine
why?!) Clubs began to fold. Only a few held on.
In 1976 Ernestine Woolard began a new club, the 76er’s. Some
had looked forward to joining when they retired and some looked forward to
returning when they retired and did so. These women, now in the ‘80s and ‘90s,
are to be commended for all they have done. They went through the depression
and WW2 and took care to make their family life special for their husband and
children, their church, friends, neighbors. They worked many hours, day and
night. Women that wanted to learn and
wasn’t afraid to work or try whatever needed to be done, they made part of this
past 100 years a wonderful and innocent era for their children to grow up in.
This is 2013, one hundred years after a much needed help
system first began. This was a time like no other. A system that helped many that wanted to
learn what to do to give their family the best they could, in their time.
Beaufort County now
has been blessed with a much needed, wonderfully sweet Liaison (County Agent):
Home Demonstration is now ECA (EXTENTION and COMMUNITY
ASSOCIATION). May the tradition of
Eastern Carolina News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910
Rear End Collision at Raleigh
The Seaboard Air Line northbound train No. 84, at 1:10 Friday morning ran into the rear of an excursion train on the Southern Railway just returned from Durham, while standing under the shed of the Union Depot at Raleigh, killing one negro man named William Jordan, and injured probably fatally a colored man from Norfolk. Others injured were some half dozen.
News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910
N.C. Republican State
Greensboro, N.C., Special—Preserving historic traditions of
harmony and discounting prophesies of protracted warfare, the Republicans of
North Carolina in convention assembled Wednesday afternoon elected Congressman
John Motley Morehead state chairman by acclamation, put out a state ticket
Wednesday night, and adjourned as a harmony assemblage that was heralded far
and wide for weeks past as a likely free-for-all fight.
The convention adopted a platform which embodies a
significant self-government plank, made radical reforms in its plan of
organization and nominated candidates for the Supreme Court and the Corporation
One answer to the high cost of living problem is that people
are holding their money too cheaply. Thousands of Americans who never were more
than a dozen paces from the breadline are today owners of Liberty Bonds or some
other form of securities and they have never learned the lessons which Ben
Franklin sought to teach a growing nation. Some of the people are spending
their Liberty Bonds. Their savings in these securities represent money that
came comparatively easy, that is to say, the holdings were accumulated in small
weekly or monthly payments, money that was hardly missed from the pay envelope.
The people are spending as furiously as they fought and
worked in war times. They are on a spending “jag” so to speak, not only in this
country where the fruits of victory seem to make spending a necessary part of
the peace program, but in the rest of the world, not even omitting the
countries of the Entente. The money of the times is apparently very cheap, it
seems to come easily and go easily, but this condition can’t last indefinitely.
When spenders are free and easy, prices go up with equal
ease. Those who hold their “easy” money too cheaply make hard buying for those
who must part sparingly with their limited funds and, by the same token, those
who demand luxuries without accounting the cost may expect to pay more for
necessities. The trouble is not so much the high cost of living but the cost of
Someone remarked very sagely that if all the wealth of the
rich were equally distributed among those who have little or nothing, the rich
would soon have it back again and the other class would being the same position
as before the division was made. This the natural consequence because the rich,
or the great proportion of that class learned to accumulate wealth by saving
more quickly than the class that had never been accustomed to it.
The Albemarle Press, Albemarle, N.C., Thursday, Aug. 10, 1922.
Slogan under the banner: “The Press- The “Tongue” of the Country; May It Never
Be Cut Out”
Wiscassett Mill Give Great Ovation to Mr. Joe Cannon. . . Mr. Cannon Becomes General Manager of the Mills and His
Return Gives Occasion to the Large Demonstration Showing Welcome to His
Return…Mills Increase Work to Five Days in Week
The Directors of the Wiscassett Mills Company met in Tuesday
for the purpose of electing officers. Since the death of Mr. J.W. Cannon,
president, last year, there has been no permanent organization, and the meeting
held Tuesday was one of considerable importance to the mill management. Mr.
John Leslie of New York has been president since the death of Mr. Cannon, and
we are told that he signified a desire not to be re-elected to the position.
This vacancy fell naturally to Mrs. J.W. Cannon of Concord, and she was duly
We give a list of the officers elected at the top of the
adjoining column, and it is especially gratifying to the interested friends of
this great institution in our midst that the old officers are to be retained—the
men who have contributed to so much to the success of the mill.
During the past year or so, for health reasons and other
causes, Mr. Joe F. Cannon has not been intimately connected with the
management. But upon him, more than upon any one man, has been the management
of the Wiscassett since its inception. That was in the latter part of 1903 that
he was placed in charge, and about 18 years of the time following, he was
operating the business course of the plant. He saw it grow from a beginning of
22,000 spindles to its present capacity of 94,000. And from a comparatively
small plant to the giant and significant holdings of today, when eight mills,
including the knitting department, together with 18 warehouses, two fine graded
school buildings, park and pavilion, and one of the prettiest mill villages of
During Mr. Cannon’s career with the mills, he became
peculiarly popular, not only with the mill executives but alike with the
operators. And his return to the general management was a final for a decided
note of welcome on Tuesday evening in Wiscassett Park, staged by the operatives
A large crowd came out, and Professor Ludwig and his band
were present to make inspiring music. A pyrotechnic display of fireworks in
advance interested the large crowd, and when Mr. Cannon and some of his friends
came to the stand in the pavilion, applause broke out.
Captain Thomas M. Denning, who has been associated with the
mill here during the past years, as general superintendent, and who is reputed
to be the best mill superintendent in the South today, made the remaining
remarks. He started by stating that he was glad to say to the men and women and
boys and girls of Wiscassett Mills, “I am glad after two years to see the ‘Old
Boss’ back. He is a friend to all the people and has their interests at heart.
I am glad that he has been re-elected, and I know our people are glad; because
so large a number of them are out tonight.” Mr. Denning called Mr. Cannon to
Mr. Cannon said, “A am glad to be over again.” The speaker
then reviewed the work and accomplishments of the Wiscassett Mill and its
continued policy of expansion in becoming one of the largest mills in the state
and of the South. This policy shall continue, and the speaker recognized that it
has been possible only through the splendid co-operation on part of the people
themselves. They are among the healthiest and best-looking people of any
section of the land. The speaker was greeted in his address by prolonged
Mr. Luther T. Hartsell of Concord spoke of “Joe” Cannon as a
man of the people—one who mingles with the people. As school boys together, he
and Joe ate pie from the same tin can. He has no false ideas of class.
Attorney R.L. Brown of Albemarle made a speech which called
forth much mirth. He spoke in familiar terms of his relationship with “little
Joe” as one who did things for people, and who would do much for Albemarle and
for the mills under his management.
Professor Ludwig followed by saying that it was under Mr.
Cannon that the band received its start, and they regarded him as a friend upon
whom they could depend.
To the onlooker, the demonstration seemed to be one out of
full hearts. The operatives seemed to want to show their appreciation of the
fact that their former boss has returned, and to give evidence of their regard
for him. If they show the same spirit of enthusiastic co-operation in their
work as was manifest Tuesday evening, Mr. Cannon has just cause for feeling
proud over the reception accorded him, and he has a large mission before him in
living up to the expectancy of his people.
Mills to Run 5 Days
in Week Instead of 4
During the demonstration, came the good news that the mills
of Albemarle would increase the number of working days each week from four to
five, and that very soon it is expected that they will be placed on full time.
This means much to the business of Albemarle and the entire section, and comes
as good news.
News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910
Fear in Staunton…Earth
Swallows Houses and Trees in Virginia Town…Geologist Goes to the
Scene…Limestone Foundation Gradually Giving Away and Rivers Under Town…People
Staunton, Va., Special—A two-story house and a large tree
have been swallowed up into the earth, many other residences are sinking and
have been abandoned by their occupants, and public buildings are endangered as
the result of the boring of an 800-foot well in the public square here.
Wide cracks in the earth are spreading, threatening the post
office and public school building. The walls of the school house already are
cracked. Residents are much alarmed and heroic efforts are being made to
prevent further caving of the earth.
Washington, Special—In response to an appeal to the
geological survey from Staunton, Va., F.B. Van Hors, assistant chief geologist,
has gone in to investigate the cave-ins, which have caused heavy property
damage in the Virginia town. The theory held by the government geologist is
that the trouble was caused by water percolating through the limestone, which
underlies the entire sections, and thus has weakened the foundations of
buildings and caused them to give way. Mr. Van Horn is familiar with the
geological structure of that portion of Virginia and from press reports he
judges that dissolving limestone is responsible for the trouble.
Here is some fine rhetoric from a Burnsville Correspondent
to the Toe River Herald:
“There seems at this season an alluring charm all out of
doors. We go forth upon a mountain climb and watch the distant peaks rise up as
we ascend. Passing through tangles of laurel, ferns and wonderful flowers which
we are sure no one has ever seen the like, we reach the summit where it seems
all creation to spread out before us, the dark blue heights of the distant
peaks outlined above, the clouds below.
We are sure that of all wonderful scenes and the artful
works of man, there is none to compare with the mountain scenes of Western
The Cone Mills at Greensboro have shut down for a two-week
vacation, ending the 14th.
The Moore County News estimates that with last week’s
wind-up, $3,000,000 was brought into that section this season through the crop
Hickory is now concerned over getting an adequate water
supply, and is planning to secure a gravity flow from Caldwell County at a
distance of 15 miles, from Middle Little River.
Post office inspectors have finally apprehended the two
thieves who robbed the post office at Oxford on March 8, 1920 of $34,000. The
men were captured at Memphis, Tenn., last week.
Miss Mary Covington, daughter of the late D.A. Covington,
was admitted to practice law last week before the court in session at Monroe
conducted by Judge B.F. Long. It is not stated where she will practice.
The injunction issued by Judge Connor preventing striking
employes from interfering with trains or employes of the A.C.L. Railroad is in
force until September 2, says a Wilmington dispatch, but consent of all parties
J.L. Peake was convicted at Winston-Salem for the murder in
the second degree of H.B. Ashburn, who was shot to death in his office there on
last December. Judge Brock pronounced a sentence of 30 years upon the convicted
A terrific hail storm visited parts of Cabarrus, Rowan,
Wilkes, Alexander, Catawba and Iredell counties last Thursday. It is said that
stones large enough to split watermelons wide open fell, and reached a depth of
12 inches. Much damage was done to corn, cotton, and other crops.
Anson County, like other North Carolina sections, is
claiming a good outlook for crops. Cotton probably the finest in years,
despite the boll weevil, while the melon crop is providing a great factor. The
“honey dew” cantaloupe has made its initial reputation this year in the county.
The North Carolina Cotton Growers’ Association is waging a
sign-up drive to secure a total of 600,000 bales of cotton for the association.
Dr. Clarence Poe was the first to sign the marketing contract, and his speech
was made at Dunn Saturday in interest of the drive.
L.W. Barnhardt, a Trinity College man of the Class of 1921,
has been elected professor of history in the technological high school for boys
at Atlanta, Ga. Trinity College men seem to be quite popular in this Georgia
city, as a number of them have won reputations in the Atlanta high schools.
“Judge” is a given name to a Charlotte lawyer and Republican
who has been given a position in the prohibition unit under J.J. Britt at
Washington City. The young ladies addressing Mr. Little without knowledge of
the facts are said to have been somewhat embarrassed when they found out they
were addressing a camouflage judge.
Thomas and Marvin Hager, aged 11 and 14 respectively, sons
of Mr. J.A. Hager of Bessemer City R-1, are members of the Gaston County wheat
club. Last year they won first and second prices competing with 27 members,
raising 26 and 26 ½ bushels from one acre each. This year they expect to win
first and second prizes again. Thomas raised from his acre this year 33 ¾
bushels of prolific and Marvin raised from his acre 33 ½ bushels of red chaff.
The wheat this year followed alfalfa and red clover.
Mr. J.A. Hager, father of the boys, had 10 acres seeded to
wheat this year which threshed out 221 bushels and made 428 bales of straw.
If you think you are getting too old to work just take a
good look at the young fellow in the above picture. He is J.C. Chandler and is
now in his 91st year, working as regularly as a clock and
physically able to do a good deal more than a mere eight hours in the Sheeting
Mill card room.
Mr. Chandler has been working for the company for more years
than most of us have been living, and he is one of the most loyal employees
that any company ever had. He has built himself a home out in the country near
Draper, where he expects to retire some day and enjoy his old age, working his
garden and puttering about the house. This truly remarkable man is universally
liked and respected and his example of loyalty and perseverance is one we might
do well to follow. Our hope is that his 100th birthday finds him as
hale and hearty as he is today.
The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., L.H.J. Houser, editor, August
7, 1919 issue
The Farmers Institute at Sunnyside last Saturday was a grand
success from every standpoint—large attendance, good picnic dinner, good
speakers and sociability. Everybody likes to go to Sunnyside. There is not a
more congenial people to be found in any section. Co-operation and progress are
their watchwords. The nice, commodious new brick veneered school building in
which the sessions of the institute were held testifies to this fact. The new
modern brick church building recently constructed just a few hundred yards from
the school building is other evidence of the community spirit and co-operation
of the Sunnyside people. The young people of Sunnyside—Sample Hager, Walden
Weaver, Gus Stroup, Tom Royster and many others have caught the co-operative
and community spirit of their forebears—Sid Kiser, J. Kiser, I.H. Watts, Moses
Stroup and others we can’t just now recall. The Sunnyside people will meet next
Saturday night to consider the question of having a community fair this fall.
Mr. C. Lee Gowan, Gaston’s Farm Demonstrator, was master of
ceremonies and had a program arranged which was interesting and beneficial to
all present. Many useful suggestions were given by the speakers in regard to
the growing of crops, health, house-keeping and live stock. And right here we
want to say it isn’t what we know, it’s what we do with our knowledge that
counts. Any study that is idle and adds nothing to a man’s stock in trade for
his life work is wasted study. The man who knows a little and knows that little
well is generally more useful to his fellow men than the man who has a
smattering of all tongues and arts, and can practice none of them. Mere
learning means nothing, the application of it is everything. Make these institutes
count for something.
“Doc Selig’s Injuries Cause Many Conjectures,” from the July 23, 1920
issue of the Elizabeth City Independent.
While hastening down the Norfolk Southern track at Shawboro
from a dance which he was attending, Dr. Julian W. Selig, well known young
optometrist of this city, was painfully scratched and cut when he fell through
a barbed wire culver, which he failed to see in the darkness. He was on his way
to the night train to see his parents, who were returning to Elizabeth City
from Norfolk. Another version of Doc Selig’s painful accident is that a cow
chased him over the barbed wire fence, which brings up the question, ‘Why was
the cow chasing him?’ Still another version may be found by Revenue officers
who are operating in the vicinity this week.
NOW SHOWING in ten
U.S. cities—a movie perhaps unlike any you have seen . . . a move in which the
stars are men and women of industry. Here on the set are two of the many
actors—James F. Bell, left, founder of General Mills, and Harry A. Bullis,
chairman of the board.
We shot the boss on
Yes, we shot board chairman Harry Bullis and lots of other
General Mills people this past summer, with movie cameras—to make a film now
being seen by thousands of our stockholders and employees at informal
gatherings throughout the country.
To bring to life the inside story of the company’s 20th
year, the new movie—“General Mills Today”—features the farmers who grew our raw
materials, the employees who turned them into useful products, the customers
who bought them, and the stockholders whose investment made the business
possible. It dramatizes the teamwork, the service, and the freedom that
underlie our American system.
The chairman of the board and other officers are traveling
with the show, to welcome the guests in person, invite suggestions, and answer
questions. It’s all part of a broad policy to keep owners, workers, and the
public better informed about the company.
Back in 1939, James F. Bell realized that too few people
understood how employees, stockholders, and managers in a modern corporation
work together to produce needed goods and services for the public—and what each
receives in return. To help correct this, he pioneered seven informal regional
meetings that fall. Since then, other companies have also adopted the same
method of reporting to their employees and stockholders.
P.S.—the new General Mills movie has a happy ending: record
sales and record wages, with earnings once again just under 3 cents on each
dollar of sales . . . and many new products and services for your convenience
From the Thursday, July 23, 1914, issue of the High Point Review
Quite a number of buyers have visited this city the past
seven days since the beginning of the mid-summer exposition and more are coming
tomorrow and Saturday, the closing days. The furniture expositions are getting
better each time and the success of same is practically assured. It takes time
to bring the large crowds here but they will eventually come, because High
Point is the logical furniture center for the Southern buyer especially, and it
does the buyer and eventually the trade good to come to the furniture center
once a year.
The furniture exposition building should be built at once.
It will do more toward creating interest and getting the buyers here than
anything else. The fact that High Point has an exposition building will show
that we are in earnest, that it is a permanent fixture and that is what is
needed just now. Let us build it.
Beasley’s Farm and Home
Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31, 1941. A single score of years is 20 years,
so four score means a person is 80.
As One Editor Sees It by
George Bernard Shaw, the
playwrite that people have been talking about an arguing over for many years,
was 85 one day last week. He said he had been trying to die for a long time but
couldn’t. The old bounder is of course fibbing. When he gets sick he will
forget all about dying and try to get well. We all talk big about being so many
score years young and not expecting to die as long as we feel well. I went to
call on an old friend the other day who is 85 and he never said anything about
trying to die. He was trying to live, because he is sick. Sam Jones used to say
that people told lies about being ready and waiting to go to heaven. Every one
of them, he said, would run for the paregoric bottle at the first touch of
pain. Life is a tragedy any way you look at it. No one escapes. And death cannot
be laughed off even by George Bernard Shaw.
I think that Senator
Burton K. Wheeler is about the most detestable man in the United States. He has
been violating the spirit if not the letter of the postal law in using the
franking privilege to send out all kinds of attacks upon the President of the
United States, even postal cards to men in the army asking them to violate the
military rules by writing letters demanding that the draft period not be
extended. Wheeler hates Roosevelt so bad that he would apparently turn this
country over to Hitler or anybody else if only it would hurt Roosevelt. We are
arresting men in this country for sabotage, but we apparently can do nothing
about any sabotage a United States senator chooses to practice. When Andrew
Jackson was president and some senators were acting about like Wheeler is now,
Jackson turned loose a grapevine telegram that since there was such a thing as
treason, people could be tried and hanged on the charge. It had a good effect.
He did not except United States senators.
Japan has been coddled
by this country and England for years. That country is the one which started
the wave of aggression 10 years ago by robbing China of Manchuria. Now both
England and America seem to be ready to stop the coddling and talk business. Why
is there no outcry about our stern attitude towards Japan while some are
bursting their lungs against aid to England and defiance of Hitler? The Pacific
coast hates the Japanese and that closes the mouths of some United States
senators. Yet it is perfectly well known that Hitler is the man who is
instigating Japan to more and more aggression. Through his pressure on the
French government, which is his puppet, Japan has been given a free hand in the
French territory of China. France calls upon Japan to protect her possessions
are the fake charge that America and England are preparing to take them. That
is simon pure Hitler politics.
There is one thing that
this country should put a stop to. That is all these various societies and
organizations of people in this country who still hold allegiance to foreign
countries. When in former times men came to this country from Europe they came
to escape those countries and to be transformed into Americans. Now they appear
to come to America only to continue to be something else and to exert pressure
on this country to cease to be American. Westbrook Peglar contends that only
natives of America should be allowed to vote. Foreigners come here now, often
lie about their naturalization papers, and waltz into our politics and put
pressure on our officials in behalf of that country they came from. No
German-American bund should be allowed to exist, nor any Communist party. We
are so wasteful of liberty in this country that pretty soon we shall have none.
No many who splits his nationality ought to be allowed to vote in this country,
and all naturalization ought to be put on a probationary status.
“Prepare for Farmers
Meetings” from The Review, High
Point, N.C., July 30, 1914
Raleigh—More than 500 well known agriculturists and
practical farmers from various parts of the state and members of the staff of
farm specialists maintained by the state department of agriculture were here
for a three days’ conference preparatory for driving into special farmers’
institute workers for the series of farmers’ institutes that are to be held
under the auspices of the state department of agriculture in all those counties
stretching from Raleigh westward to the crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains
during the next 60 days. Capt. T.B. Parker is director of the institute work
and has arranged the dates for the institutes and will have immediate
supervision of the work of all four of the parties that started out form here,
immediately after the conference closed to take up the work of holding the
institutes, Chatham, Durham, Moore, Hoke, Davie and Randolph being among the
first counties to have institutes in connection with this series.
Beasley’s Farm and Home Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31, 1941
Dr. Lingle, late president of Davidson College, published an
article in the current issue of the Christian Observer, giving documentary
accounts of suffering in the South just after the Civil War. There was a
philanthropic couple in New York who undertook to aid to the extent of their
ability people all over the South who were in dire need. This did not apply to
the colored people who were the proteges of the Federal government. They were
the white people, poor before the war, but left like Scarlet O’Hara, on the
land with nothing to eat. Letter after letter is given from Southern people,
merchants or others of known probity, who told of such lack of food that in
some cases amounted to starvation.
Well, we must have the hardships of war, even before we have
actual war. In some of the countries which have had or now have war, people are
begging for bread. And right here in our own beloved land we are threatened
with a shortage of silk stockings. Of course people do not eat silk stockings.
But Shylock said, “You take my life when you do take the means whereby to
live.” And that being so, people in America who might find life unbearable
without silk stockings may face the stern necessity of shuffling off this
Of course the soldiers of Washington at Valley Forge had no
silk stockings. Many of them had no stockings at all and a good many of them
had no shoes. But times are different now. What were then unheard of luxuries
are now necessities. The government may find it necessary, in warding off the
attempt of Japan to stab freedom and democracy in the east while Hitler is
murdering it in the west, to forbid the shipment of silk from Japan to this
country. That means no silk stockings, for all the silk that we can get will
have to go into parachutes to save the lives of men who find it necessary to
jump from death in the air. You can’t make parachutes out of cotton. Can you
make stockings of cotton? No, not silk stockings, and who would scratch his or
her legs with cotton or wool socks? Therefore, the people representing the silk
stocking manufacturers will endeavor to show the government what a suicidal
policy it would be to prohibit the importation of silk from Japan. And we do
not yet know how large and powerful a silk stocking block may arise and exert
its pressure upon the government.
Freedom and democracy are nice, if they do not cost
anything. But when the necessities of life must be given up in their behalf,
that is something to talk about. Would America give up silk stockings for
freedom? Would America give up anything for freedom?
“Presiding Elder Tyre Suffers Paralytic Stroke,” from the July 23, 1920
issue of the Elizabeth City Independent.
Rev. A.P. Tyre, who was Presiding Elder of the Elizabeth
City District Methodist Episcopal Church South about 15 years ago, is the
victim of a stroke of paralysis and his condition is extremely critical. His
daughter, Mrs. W.C. Sawyer of this city, was called to his bedside this week.
Rev. Mr. Tyre is now located at Greensboro.
Revival at Coinjock
A revival meeting will be conducted at Coinjock Christian
Church, Currituck County, beginning Wednesday evening, August 4. The meeting
will be conducted by the present pastor, Rev. Z.N. Deshields, assisted by the
former pastor, Rev. C.B. Mashburn of Ellington, S.C.
From the Thursday, July 23, 1914, issue of the High Point Review
Mayor Tate Talks on
the White Way and Other Progressive Matters
Judging from the citizens’ meeting the probability is that
High Point will have the “white way.” Since this meeting Mayor Tate has said
“We are now favored with a proposition from the Public
Service Company, not as I believe a money-maker for this company, but with a
view to beginning a larger and greater development of High Point which will
ultimately enhance their values here just as it will that of all others whose
property enhancement depends largely upon the continued growth of the city,
whereby the city will be saved of the cost of erection and maintenance of the
“white way” system. This entire outlay to be made by the Public Service company
and the entire responsibility of its maintenance to be on them. The only cost
to the city will be a stipulated price per year for each of the five-light columns,
with a proper rebate penalty for outage as under our present contract.
“The term of this ‘white way’ contract will run for five
years so that it will expire at the same time our other contracts with this
company expire, thus permitting the city to renew all its lighting and power
contracts together, or possibly make other arrangements if deemed wise.
“Now if we would give this city the ‘white way,’ we must
also provide for further extensions of arc lights to the outlying sections not
yet provided with this convenience, and in order for the proper care for the
whole undertaking, it will be necessary to increase the incandescent lighting
rate about one cent per k.w. hour making the minimum, say, 60 cents per month.
Our rate, when this is done, will be, only a fraction more than half that being
charged by all other North Carolina cities.
“This proposition will doubtless be definitely determined
and settled at a meeting of the city council soon, and if there are any
citizens who opposed the plan as outlined in the petition now being circulated,
it would be wise for them to appear before the council and give expression to
their views at that time.”
In addition to the arrangements which have been made for
repairing the bithulithic payment this summer, there are several forward steps
to be taken in High Point’s advancement: First the “white way”; second, a new
city hall; third, a furniture exposition; fourth, electric road to Winston;
fifth, cleaning out another main street; and sixth, a county courthouse.
Beasley’s Farm and
Home Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31,
Trained by Army for Messengers
A stout heart is honored by all men, by all nations, and
special tribute is paid to voiceless heroes. That is why out of every war has
come acclaim for the animals and winged messengers who serve men alike in the
fields of peace and the fields of battle.
The annals of the United States Army are rich in tributes
for these comrades who, bearing no arms of defense or offense, have gone into
the fight with hearts of steel. Into these records have gone the history of
“First Division Age,” hero of valorous deeds done in France and beloved buddy
alike of generals and privates and on whose tombstone in an East Orange (N.J.)
cemetery is chiseled the simple epitaph: “Rags—Wounded in Action With the
American Expeditionary Forces in France—1918;” of “Old Cap,” wire-haired
Griffon who served with distinction in the World War, winning a French medal
and who sleeps today in Ware, Mass.; of “Stubby,” famous war dog of the
Twenty-Sixth Division, painted by Charles Ayres Whipple; of “Mr. Downing,”
General Pershing’s favorite mount who answered the last call in 1933; and of
“President Wilson,” battle scarred war pigeon and one of several hero pigeons of
the World War, says a New York dispatch to the Christian Science Monitor.
Training for Birds
It is to these sky messengers that the United States Army is
today devoting attention and training comparable to that given trainees in any
branch of the service. Maj. John K. Shawman, pigeon expert of the Signal Corps,
is in charge of the work of training these birds at Fort Monmouth, N.J., and
has recently staged eight-day flights in New York City of his feathered wards.
The United States Army is second to none in the development
of bird communication service, having found that carrier pigeons have increased
in importance with each development of the blitzkrieg, since through them
defensive communications are maintained and opportunity developed to shatter
the enemy lines.
Formerly homing pigeons could not be moved around, but
insisted upon returning to one spot. Army Signal Corps officers have developed
the use of a mobile loft that can now be taken on maneuvers to any part of the
country. Within five days of their arrival at destination, the birds will be
performing their duties.
An exclusive development of the United States Army is the
two-day pigeon service. These birds will take a message to a special point and
return to the place of take-off. How the birds are thus trained is a close Army
secret. It is believed this country is the only one to have developed such
two-way feathered couriers.
Major Shawman’s carrier pigeon training in New York was
carried on from Rockefeller Center. Among the most interested spectators were
the pigeons that make their homes on the set-backs of the city within a city in
midtown Manhattan, and who find easy living in the hands of bird-lovers. They
looked up in wonderment at the swift flight of the winged soldiers of the army.
Major Shawman gave his pigeons several days in New York to
permit them to get accustomed to their new surroundings. Short flights were
made during these days. Then, for the big test, six birds were taken by
underground railroad to six points in the outskirts of the city. The subway in
no way affected their sense of direction, and when they were released they flew
as straight as an arrow at a mile-a-minute clip back to their mobile loft at
In War Service
The carrier pigeon service of the Army is being greatly
expanded. Another duty that has fallen to the care of Major Shawman is the
registering of every private pigeon loft in the Nation. This was done not only
to list a reserve of birds in case of an Army shortage, but more importantly,
to keep a careful guard over the activities of saboteurs and fifth columnists
who might use the birds for message carrying.
Great Britain has been using pigeons to carry dispatches in
the present war and has appealed to American loft owners to donate birds for war
service. Each British airplane when it takes off carries two pigeons for
dispatching messages back to its base in case the radio fails to work.
Military use of pigeons dates from the days of the Roman
Empire. Decius Brutus used homing pigeons to get in touch with the Roman
Consuls in 43 B.C. when Mutina was besieged by Mark Antony. The Saracens used
sky messengers during the First Crusade. The Crusaders tried to interrupt this
service by sending falcons after them, but many of the enemy birds got through.
In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, when the Germans
surrounded Paris, homing pigeons were used by the defenders to keep in touch
with the outside world. The Germans countered by using a corps of
pigeon-chasing hawks, but, nevertheless, pigeons were credited with delivering
more than (can’t read number but it’s more than 100,000) messages.
After this war pigeon corps were established as regular
units in the Army and Navy Intelligence Departments of most of the European
Powers. The birds were equipped with whistles which kept hawks, falcons and
other predatory birds at a distance.
Served in World War
During the World War homing pigeons carried thousands of
messages back from the front lines on both sides of no-man’s land, 20,000 birds
being used by the United States Army, 120,000 by the Central Powers and more
than 300,000 by the Entente Allies.
The American bird Cher Ami was the savior of the famed Lost
Battalion of the Argonne. Isolated from the rest of the Seventy-Seventh
Division, this battalion sent bird after bird into the air only to see each
brought down by German sharp-shooters and machine-gunners. Cher Ami, the last
bird left, although wounded in the breast and minus a leg, finally got through
to Division Headquarters with a message which gave the exact location of the
lost men and led to their rescue.
“President Wilson,” who lived 11 years after the World War,
was assigned to a tank corps in France and during a battle in the Marne-Argonne
sector flew through a heavy fog and rain at a mile-a-minute clip for 21 miles.
He delivered his communication which was stilled tied to his leg. One of his
legs had been shot away.
Another outstanding feathered hero of World War I was
Mocker, who passed on at Fort Monmouth in 1937 at the age of 21 years. Mocker
flew over the fighting lines many times. During the final push before St.
Mihiel, Mocker was hit by a piece of shrapnel and lost his right eye. In spite
of this, he winged his way to the American lines. The message gave the range on
a German gun which had been hindering the advance of the American troops.
Twenty minutes after Mocker arrived with the message, the gun was silenced.
In Times of Peace
Feathered messengers were used by man for peaceful purposes
long before they were put to military use. The ancient people of the Orient and
Egypt made use of them. The Greeks, who borrowed the idea from the Persians,
used pigeons to report the results of the Olympic games. Ancreon in 560 B.C.
wrote on”Ode to the Carrier Pigeon,” telling how each province’s representatives
took pigeons to the games and sent word back home how the games were
Homing pigeons’ speeds average from 30 to 60 miles an hour,
although a record of 75 miles an hour has been made. The birds can stay in the
air from sunrise to sunset and have hung up some remarkable long-distance
flying records. One bird released in Havana, Cuba, on July 4, 1930, arrived in
Baltimore, Md., five days later, 1,300 miles away.
A racing pigeon called “Miss 1303”escaped in May, 1930, from
a Caracas, Venezuela, mining engineer to whom she had been sold and flew
3,000 miles to her original home in Long Island.
French soldiers releasing carrier pigeons in World War I
I'm old. I remember when the air in sections of Durham carried the sweet smell of tobacco. I also remember when Winston-Salem manufactured Winston and Salem cigarettes. But those days are gone. When the president noted products made in the various states yesterday, he didn't hold up a carton of cigarettes. North Carolina's product was Cheerwine.
If your ancestors were living in North Carolina, they may have been involved in the tobacco industry. For an overview, read Teresa Leonard's Past Times column in the Raleigh News & Observer.
The following correspondents have been selected for the
purpose of gathering news from their respective mills. Any news item—about
yourself, your family, your friends and neighbors—should be given to them.
Don’t be bashful; people like to read about you just as much as you like to
read about them.
Blanket: Mrs. Katherine Turner
Sheeting: Warren Hubbard
Bedspread: Morell Connor
Finishing: Mrs. Lois Hill
Central Warehouse: Mrs. Maybud Stanley
Rayon: Ray Warner
Bleachery: Miss Georgia Thomas
Office: Howard Sheffield
Woollen: Mrs. Maggie M. Harris
Towel: Mrs. Virginia Witt Williams
Hosiery: C.D. Looney
Karastan: Miss Dorothy Manley
Mr. and Mrs. Dan Strutton and Mr. and Mrs. C.F. Hailey and
Son, Hassell, attended the funeral of Mrs. Hailey’s aunt, Mrs. Archer Moonan,
in Baltimore, Md., last week. Before returning home they spent several days in
Claude Gillie of the Marines spent a few days last week with
his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H.C. Gillie.
James Manuel of the army spent last week with his mother and
Pfc. Edward Ferguson spent several days in town visiting
friends and relatives.
Lawson Talbott of Durham spent the weekend with his mother.
Mr. and Mrs. Jack Blackwell and children, and Bernice and
Francis Gilbert, and Bernice Burch spent Sunday at Fairystone Park.
Sergeant Nathan Powell of Fort Bragg spent last weekend with
his wife and parents.
Ed Hurd of the army spent the weekend with his parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Jesse Hurd.
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Todd and Miss Gertie Meeks of Schoolfield
were recent visitors at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Dewey Gauldin.
Mr. and Mrs. Walton Hamrick of Fayetteville are visiting
Mrs. Hamrick’s mother, Mrs. Gladys Leary.
Mrs. George Voss and children and Master Ted Gaudlin were
weekend visitors of Mr. and Mrs. Ira Barrow.
Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Williams motored to Fairy Stone Park,
Mr. and Mrs. E.C. Stophel spent the holidays with friends
and relatives in Tennessee.
Mr. and Mrs. Ed Walker and family spent last weekend in
Eugene Pruitt of the navy visited his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
E.E. Pruitt recently.
Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Samuels and family visited relatives here
Word received recently from Kessler Field, Miss. One of the
largest air force technical schools, states that Dewey Melton, son of Mr. and
Mrs. R.M. Melton, has recently been promoted from corporal to sergeant.
Sergeant Melton, formerly a professional baseball player, has a host of friends
who are glad to know he is doing so well with Uncle Sam.
Mrs. Fred Rippy and children of Charlotte has accepted a
position here and is making her home with her mother, Mrs. Annie Wilson.
Bradley Murray, who has been in the hospital for an
appendectomy, will be able to return to his home Friday. We are glad to hear of
his rapid improvement and hope he will be at work soon.
Doris Barnes has gone to New York to visit her husband,
Everett, who is employed in an anti-aircraft plant there. “Keep ‘em falling
(the enemy), Everett.”
The rest of the page was damaged, so I don’t know what was
in the rest of the column about Mrs. Nannie Gilley, Mrs. Cora Brannon and Ann
Mr. and Mrs. Leroy H. Shaw announce the engagement of their
daughter, Shirley Alyne, to William Grover Golightly. The marriage will be
solemnized in the near future. Miss Shaw is employed in the Towel Mill office
and Mr. Golightly is connected with the Martinsville Broadcasting Co.
The Health League and Fellowship Club held its regular
monthly meeting last week at the Fieldale Y.M.C.A. club room, with Mrs. T.F.
Wilson hostess. After the business session a stork shower was presented to Mrs.
George Merriman. Delicious refreshments were served by the hostess. The club
plans to hold its annual picnic Saturday evening, July 19, 7 o’clock at the
Fieldale baseball park.
Our popular sewing room foreman, E. Sherrill, reports that
he believes he is just about the best gardener in the county. He raises a
double crop of vegetables from one planting. Everyone that doubts this may call
on Mr. Sherrill and he will be glad to show them his Irish potato planting,
with a crop of something that resembles tomatoes growing on the vines and, of
course, he has a crop of potatoes under the ground.
Rev. Z.V. Mason has concluded a successful revival at Salem
church in Patrick county. The baptismal service was held at George’s Mill, Mayo
River, yesterday afternoon at 4 o’clock, with 11 candidates for baptism. Mr.
Mason assisted in a revival at the Methodist church here a few weeks ago.
Mr. and Mrs. J.B. Hunter, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Hunter and Mr.
and Mrs. Jimmie Robbins attended a family reunion last Sunday at the Fredell
farm about eight miles north of Fieldale.
Mr. and Mrs. J.W. Pickup were among the visitors at Fairy
Stone Park, Sunday.
Our community is saddened by the death of C. Kelly Harrell,
which occurred last Thursday afternoon while he was at work in the mill. Mr.
Harrell was a loom-fixer and had been a loyal employee of the Towel Mill for
many years. He was a good citizen and well liked by everyone. Survivors include
his wife and two children.
Sgt. Hobart Gusler of Camp Pickett, Blackstone, Va., was
called to Fieldale during the weekend on account of the illness of his wife.
Mrs. Gusler has been quite ill for several days but her condition is now
Mesdames Willie Sawyer, Bill Barbour, Lyle McAlexander and
Hughes Martin visited their husbands at Norfolk Saturday and Sunday, returning
to Fieldale Sunday evening.
Frederick Stilwell, formerly connected with the packing room
and now with the U.S. Navy, has been transferred from Newport, Rhode Island, to
Great Lakes, Illinois. He will attend a machinist school at that place.
Robie B. McFarland, a knitter employed in the Hosiery Mill,
is leaving for officers’ training this week. He also has the distinct honor of
being the first employee of the mills in the manufacturing division to obtain
and have delivered to him a U.S. War Bond purchased through the payroll
deduction plan. This action further exemplifies the loyalty and patriotism that
Robie has always shown towards things pertaining to the successful promotion of
our war efforts. Such characteristics will be of particular value to him as he
develops into a military officer.
Edgar D. Ferguson of the U.S. Navy was recently promoted
from water tender, second class, to water tender, first class.
Messrs. Morris N. Eggleston and Walter Hale were the first
employees of the Hosiery Mill to subscribe for war bonds. Both of these young
men as well as many of their associates were very anxious to “slap the Dirty
Little Jap” by putting their savings into the purchase of war bonds for the
promotion of the war campaign.
Mrs. Evelyn Ferguson of the Hosiery Mills has just returned
from Philadelphia where she spent a week with her husband, Edgar D. Ferguson,
Beasley’s Farm and
Home Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31,
Took Round Trip of 20
Miles…Only to Find That Old Jim Walkingstick Had Nothing to Say and Said It
By H.E.C. (Red Buck)
Jim Walkingstick was a Cherokee Indian in 1901 but no doubt
he has passed to the Happy Hunting Ground long before this, for he was 77 years
old in that old horse and buggy era when I made his acquaintance. One Sunday
morning in November, I was walking from Bryson City, Swain County, to the
Eastern Cherokee Training School, 10 miles away on the banks of the
I had for a companion on that 20-mile round trip jaunt a
traveling salesman I had never seen before. He heard me say that I was going to
walk and insisted on accompanying me. I asked him if he had been used to such
strenuous journeys afoot, and he answered in the negative but boasted that he
could do the task if I could. He was what George Ade called a wind-jammer.
We made the journey, up hill and down hill, in very good
time. I never saw that pal again for 15 years, and then in Washington. On a
popular business street he stopped me, and recalled the ramble in the
mountains, and added that he went from Bryson City to Knoxville, Tenn., where
he was out of commission for nearly three weeks. He had undertaken, too much,
when he was not used to it, and it laid him up.
To the Cherokee School
Back there, 40 years ago this coming winter, I wrote:
“Bryson City, Nov. 22—If one would know North Carolina he
must travel from the Atlantic to the Smokies. Out here I almost feel like I was
in a foreign land. The topography of the country and the people are so unlike
what I have been used to around Charlotte. But the more I know of this section
and its inhabitants the better I like them. To fully appreciate the country or
the people one must make excursions into the rural districts. There mountain
men and women live. They are the salt of the earth.
“Bryson City is a very lonesome place for a stranger on
Sunday. Of course there are churches to go to but I go to those at home. One
soon tires of laying around a hotel and is compelled to do something in
self-defense. That I did yesterday. And, being interested in Uncle Sam and his
work, I walked out to the Cherokee Training School.
“I had for a walking mate a pill seller who walked well for
an inexperienced mountain climber. We made the visit between 9 and 5:30,and
with the exception of a ravenous appetite, a few sore muscles and a great
desire to sleep, I did not feel any the worse from the jaunt.
“What I saw at the school and on the way there and back
affords material for a good story.
Meets Old Man Jim
“Seven miles out of town we began to see Indians—real
Indians. I have seen Catawbas and Croatans but none of them look like the
Cherokees, who have red, copper color, the high cheek bones and the long,
straight black hair.
“The first individual we met was old man Jim Walkingstick.
He was leaning against the fence that enclosed the red man’s church at
Bird-Town. His eyes were fixed on the far off mountains and his mind, no doubt,
on the Happy Hunting Ground. He was not the only man there for two dozen or
more young bucks stood along the fence, and others loafed in front of the
church. All waited for the services to begin. As we approached every mouth was
closed. If any conversation had been going it was stopped. Each Indian looked
as if he had lost his best friend. The atmosphere was heavy with Indian piety.
I felt like I was offending the Indians by desecrating the Sabbath. But I have
since come to the conclusion that they were simply playing ‘possum or pouting.
I believe they thought the two pale-faced tramps were after doing the Red-skin
harm. I tried to draw Jim Walkingstick into a conversation, but he did nothing
but grunt. He could not tell his own name. His silence sealed the lips of the
younger men. It was impossible to get a word of information about the country,
or the people. And when I insinuated that I would stay for preaching the whole
crowd looked more downcast than ever, and some few bucks grunted and walked
away. If we had offered to go in the church I do not believe the pastor would
have had a corporal’s guard.
Women Look Neat
“We moved on up the river toward the school and met a score
or more of women going to Bird-Town. Most of them wore red shawls or capes over
their shoulders and red bandana handkerchiefs on their heads. Their skirts were
made of some plain cloth and had been made when the water was high, for they
did not swing lower than the shoe top. They were made to walk in. I saw no one
but who looked neat. As a rule the women are large and strong looking. Several
of the girls wore strings of beads.
“The Eastern Cherokee Training School is maintained by the
federal government. From year to year Congress appropriates enough to provide
for 150 children. The school draws from all the Cherokee families east of the
Mississippi River. At present 168 children, 90 boys and 78 girls, are in the
school. Their ages run from 6 to 18.
“The work done at this school is decidedly practical. The
boys and girls are trained to work as well as taught to read and write. The
purpose of the education is to prepare the boys for earning an honest living by
honest labor, and the girls for making good housekeepers, good wives and good
How the School
There are 140 acres of land in the school tract. The boys
work in the gardens, in the dairy, in the carpenter shop, in the blacksmith
shop, in the shoe shop, where the girls learn to sew, to cook, to wash. The
boys milk the cows and the girls take the milk and prepare it for the church
and the table. The boys care for the barn and the stock while the girls help
cook food and make clothes. The school is made self-sustaining as far as
possible. One department helps the other. The work of a session is so divided
that every boy must take a turn in each department. For instance, one week he
will work on the farm, the next in the blacksmith shop and so on through. The
object is to make him an all-round workman. The girls are worked in the same
“There are about 18 buildings in the enclosure. The main
ones are the girls’ dormitory and dining hall, the boys’ dormitory, the
teachers’ quarters, the superintendent’s cottage, the commissary, the school
building, the office building, the baker’s shop, and the carpenter’s shop.
“The school is a model for neatness and cleanliness. Every
building is kept in ship shape. The boys and girls are required to make their
beds and clean their rooms. The superintendent makes a close inspection every
Sunday morning from 9:30 to 10 o’clock. He goes to the sleeping apartments and
each and every child is expected to be dressed in his or her best clothes, and
standing by his or her bed. Order and system prevail everywhere. Along with
several other visitors I was conducted into the large bed room of the girls,
the dining hall, the kitchen and the school building. The girls sleep in a
large room on iron beds equipped with comfortable mattresses and coverings.
Boys and girls eat in the same dining room, though they occupy separate
buildings and have separate play grounds.
“We arrived at the school soon after dinner had been served.
The children were at play on the lawns. Fifty or more boys, handsome little
fellows, with black eyes, black hair and red-tinged faces, were scattered over
a hill side and a valley, inside the fence, playing shinny. They were like so
many lambs skipping about. Further on, the little girls were running and
jumping about on their lawn. They were pretty to look upon in their dainty,
clean Sunday clothes with their raven locks arranged in plaits tied with bows
of ribbon at their backs and on top of their heads. It was an attractive
picture. There was a beam of happiness in every little black eye. The children
seemed healthy and satisfied. As they romped they did not make much noise. Now
and then, however, a boy would give a regular Indian yell. Uncle Sam, thru the
teachers, has already accomplished much at this school. He has taught the boys
and girls how to keep clean, how to dress, how to work and how to live together
in peace and harmony. They should make good citizens.
‘It will no doubt be of interest to other schools’ boys and
girls to know the names of 10 of the Cherokee children. Here they are: Masters
Owen Walkingstick, Joe Coloniheiski, Jesse Ropetwister, Wilson Gadageski, and
cunuaneeta welch, and little Misses Ona Youngdeer, Wahueeto Standingdeer, Yon
Youngbird, Maggie Walkingstick, and Josephine Jessan. Those will do to
remember. The girls who bear these names are good looking and young. The boys are
bright and attractive.
“The location of the Cherokee school could not be improved
upon. It is in one of the most charming mountain spots of North Carolina. The
Oconee-Lufty River circles around the ground with its clear, swift water in
full view of the buildings.
“The children go to Sunday school in the forenoon and to
special service in the afternoon every Sunday.
“The Cherokee tribe of North Carolina numbers about 2,500
persons. Jesse Reed is chief and his board of councilmen is composed of 17 of
the leading Indians of this section. They met a few days ago.
“On our way to Bryson City, we saw Jim Walkingstick out
strolling. He was more communicative than he had been in the morning. On being
asked where some Indian wares could be had he piloted us to the house of his
son, John, where we purchased a small basket made by Lady Walkingstick. Near
the Bird-Town church we bought some table napkin holders made out of laurel. It
was then that the Indians became more interesting. Several of them condescended
to talk a wee bit.
Whittier’s, on the Murphy branch of the Southern Railway,
seven miles east of here, is the most convenient station to Cherokee.
“Many of the most promising boys, after leaving the school
here, go to the Carlisle Indian School, of Carlisle, Pa.”