Thursday, August 17, 2017

Home Demonstration Agent Let Go; No 4-H Camp in Stanly County, 1922

The Albemarle Press, Thursday, August 10, 1922

No Club Encampment to Be Held This Year

The Stanly County Boys’ and Girls’ Annual Club encampment will not be held this year, due to of the discontinuance of home demonstration work.
                --Myrtie Keller

Average American Ate 82 Pounds of Sugar in 1909

Eastern Carolina News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910. Just for comparison, the average American consumes 150 pounds of sugar today.

All Took Sugar in Theirn’

Washington, Special—The average American ate 82 pounds of sugar last year, which was more than he ever had before in the history of the country, according to figures made public by the Department of Commerce and Labor for the 12 months ended June 30.

The total amount of sugar eaten by Americans during the year is estimated at 7 ½ billion pounds. Only in two previous years did the total ever approach the 7 billion mark, and only on four other occasions did it exceed 6 billion.

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Benny Prinz Killed in Double Parachute Drop, 1910

Eastern Carolina News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910

Every Bone Broken…Boy Balloonist Turns Over and Over 2,000 Feet…Head Severed on Apple Tree…Across 4,000 Feet…First Parachute Opened Successfully…Ropes Snapped on Second Drop

New York, Special—Benny Prinz, a young balloonist, met a horrible death Friday afternoon at the close of the aviation meet at Asbury Park, N.J. In making a double parachute drop, the second parachute failed to open and he fell more than 2,000 feet. As the swaying body neared the ground, it struck the limb of an apple tree and the boy’s head was transfixed on the limb like an apple on a sharp stick. As it struck the ground the headless body was crushed into an unrecognizable mass.

Prinz was 26 years old and a daring balloonist. With Samuel Hartland of Neward, he went up in a hot air balloon. At the height of 1,000 feet, Hartland cut loose with one parachute and made a successful landing. Lightened by the drop of Hartland, the craft shot up until it reached about 4,000 feet. Then Prinz cut loose. Those who saw his figure say he fell 500 feet before his parachute opened. He sailed slowly earthward for another thousand feet and then cut loose again. There was another terrific drop of about 500 feet when the second parachute opened it checked his fall for a second, then the ropes snapped and the body of the young man shot straight down. Over and over the figure turned, faster and faster, gaining momentum with each revolution. He was shooting head down first when he crashed into the tree, impaling his head on a limb. In the headless trunk every bone was broken. Several of those who witnessed the accident fainted from the horror of the tragedy.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Creamery To Help Stanly County Farmers, 1922

The Albemarle Press, Thursday, August 10, 1922

A Creamery for Stanly…What It Is and What It May Mean to Farmers of the County

For the past several months, the question of getting ready for and the establishment of a creamery for Stanly County has been kept before the people in some shape or form.

The matter assumed some shape at the banquet given by the farmers of the county, when a number of business and professional men were invited to participate therein. We published the names of the creamery committee in our past issue, and these men will very soon make a report of their investigations.

Some have only a vague idea as to just what a creamery is and what it means to the county. It is a co-operative in the sense that a number of farmers or farmers and business men join together and form a co-partnership, corporation, or become joint stockholders in the enterprise. In its organization, it resembles any other business venture, and stock certificates are issued according to the amount invested by each participant.

To establish a creamer for the making of butter alone, would perhaps cost in equipment alone around six or eight thousand dollars. If ice cream should be one of the objects or products, then additional machinery and equipment would be required, and the sum total would about double this estimated amount.

In addition to cream, butter, and ice cream, it is easily seen that a poultry business could be added to the other, and the sale of chickens and eggs would increase the revenue to be derived therefrom.

In its practical working, in order to make it a success, some 300 cows are first necessary. These may be owned by farmers in every section of the county, and will be. Milk routes will be formed, and the creamery will send a collector out once or twice each week. The cream has been separated by the farmer from the milk, and the collector has a means for determining the strength of the cream, or the percentage of butter fat therein. A ticket or memoranda is made thereof, and notation of the amount of cream so furnished by each farmer, and settlement is made in cash or otherwise at stated intervals.

With weekly or semi-weekly collections of cream from 300 cows, the whole goes into bulk and is manufactured into butter at the creamery, or into both butter and ice cream, as the case may be, and the creamery itself markets this product.

To make it a success, there must be good business management, and like any other business the success will depend upon the activities of the management and the quality of the product. For the first year or perhaps two, the investment might not yield a dividend, and if one at all only a small one, for the reason that a new concern does not have the advantage of one already established.

But it is easily seen that it provides regular sales of cream from the cows owned by a hundred or more farmers. It likewise means that Stanly County will place her imprint on the quality of butter made, and that this should find ready sales at home and elsewhere. Its possibilities will expand each year as the business grows, and we know of no effort farmers can make which would mean more in a business way for the general welfare of the county than by the establishment of a creamery.

Monday, August 14, 2017

North Carolina Can Take 25,000 Negroes As Long As They Haven't Become "Tainted With Dreams of Equality" 1919

The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., August 7, 1919

Chicago Would Send Negroes South Again

Raleigh, Aug. 6—Chicago would welcome the return of many negroes to the southern states, according to the tone of a telegram received by Governor Bickett today from The Chicago Herald-Examiner. The telegram says:

“Many negroes who came here for war work are anxious to return south if the south needs them. The spokesman ask us to inquire how many your state can absorb. They are of the most industrious class, distinct from the bad element responsible for difficulties here. Please rush answer.”

The Governor’s answer was that North Carolina can absorb 25,000 negroes who want to return from Illinois to the South unless they have become tainted or intoxicated with dreams of social equality or political dominion.

Saturday, August 12, 2017

Police Chief Bob Kendrick Locks Up 26 Boys Ranging From 9 to 14 Years of Age, 1919

From the Forest City Courier, as reprinted in The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., August 7, 1919

It seems that young America is running wild in this section. Wednesday Chief of Police Bob Kendrick had 26 boys, ranging in ages from 9 to 14 years, in the lockup all at one time. These boys were charged with robbing watermelon patches and willfully destroying same. We are told that they did more than $100 damage in one field, going from one end of the field to the other, cutting the melons open, both ripe and green. They are said to have robbed many patches in this section.

Lena Kendrick, James Dart Hobbs Marry, 1919

The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., August 7, 1919

Hobbs-Kendrick Wedding
One of the most brilliant weddings of the season was solemnized last Wednesday evening at 9 o’clock in the First Baptist Church here when Miss Lena Kendrick, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. N.B. Kendrick became the bride of James Dart Hobbs of Bessemer City.

The church was beautifully decorated in rainbow colors with ivy-twined arches over the aisles and improvised altar.

Before the ceremony Haywood Kendrick, brother of the bride, accompanied by Miss Lois Kendrick, sang, “I Love You Truly” and “O, Promise Me.” Then to the strains of Mendelssohn’s wedding march, the bridal party entered. The bridesmaids were gowned in lovely creations of sheer organdy and carrying pink Killarney roses entered, the groomsmen meeting them from the opposite aisle. Miss Madge Summitt with Garrie Kendrick, brother of the bride, Miss Mable Browne with H.H. Allen, Miss Mildred Farris with Hazel Browne, Miss Lula Kennedy of Bessemer City with Lake Hobbs, brother of the groom. Miss Annie Lee Craft of Wadesboro, maid of honor, entered, dressed in yellow organdy with hat to match. Miss Craft also carried pink Killarney roses.

Preceding the bride, little Miss Margaret Summer, niece of the bride, dressed in dainty white organdy, entered bearing the ring in a cluster of bride roses, as the flower girls, Annie Sue McDowell and Hattie Bess Kendrick in net trimmed in satin ribbon and tulle and carrying baskets of white roses and pink rose petals came down opposite aisles.

On the arm of her father, the bride in a lovely dress of white pussy willow satin trimmed in pearls and a court train falling in graceful folds, entered the church and was met at the altar by the groom attended by S.Q. McCraw as best man. The bride’s veil was coronet style and she carried a bouquet of bride roses. The impressive ring ceremony was used by Rev. D.F. Putnam, pastor of the bride.

The group’s present to the bride was a handsome necklace of pearls. The many beautiful and costly presents of linen, silver and cut glass attest the esteem in which this happy young couple are held by their many friends throughout North Carolina and other states.

The bride is the attractive and accomplished daughter of Mr. and Mrs. N.B. Kendrick, having received her education at Meredith College. The groom is a most successful business man who gave up his business here to enter the army and has just recently returned from France. He will resume his work here the first of September, opening a dry goods store in the building he formerly operated.

Immediately after the ceremony the couple, accompanied by the bridal party, left in automobiles for Charlotte. From there they left for Washington and other northern points.

Friday, August 11, 2017

Sheila Jones Reflects on the North Carolina Farm Woman's Life in the 1950s, '60s, '70s

By Sheila C. Jones

In 1950 women in the neighborhood met at the home of Elizabeth Davenport to form a Home Demonstration club with county agent Rita Preston. The agent would come to the meetings and demonstrate or talk about whatever was on the agenda each month. Wives and mothers were eager and came to learn.

For years the women knew they could call the agent for answers to many homemaking questions.  If she didn’t know the answer she would go to work to try to find answers.

Many wives got up in the mornings before or when their husbands did:  3, 4, or 5 a.m.  They cooked breakfast and helped where needed on the farm:  Working in the field, working at the barn, feeding chickens, picking up eggs, feeding the cows, milking the cows, making butter;  feeding the hogs, helping on hog killing days (cooking chitlins, making crackling biscuits, measuring the lard, cooking souse).  Their work was endless:  they chopped the garden, did the canning, freezing and pickling, cut hedges in the yard, took food to neighborhood funerals, washed clothes in a ringer washing machine and rinsed them in a tin wash tub (all by hand), hung the clothes out (with wooden clothes pins) on a clothes line that went from one pole to another or one tree to another.  In the middle of the clothesline there would be a long thin pole made from a small tree or limb from the woods (leaves stripped off). 

With this pole they would push the line up high so nothing would touch the clothes and they would be up where the wind could blow them dry.  They darned socks, polished furniture, cleaned windows, scrubbed floors, made clothes for their families, quilted quilts to keep them all warm, made homemade ice cream in ice tray’s in the refrigerator-freezer, cooked birthday cakes from “scratch”, made homemade cookies from “scratch”, cooked candy on the stove top, fixed beds, cleaned out cabinets and refrigerators. Some crochet, knitted, did smocking, painted furniture, upholstered furniture, painted rooms in the house, starched and ironed almost EVERYTHING.  Televisions and telephones and indoor plumbing was not yet in all county homes.  Even electricity was a wonderful new thing in the country in the 40’s and 50’s.

Many nights mothers were up long hours rocking a baby that couldn’t sleep or with a sick child or sewing or ironing or finishing something for the family or lending an ear over the phone or by the side of a friend or family member to console them for whatever sorrow they may have been burdened with.

They did not seem to be afraid to do or try whatever had to be done and STILL cooked three meals a day from scratch. They could kill a chicken, pluck the feathers, singe the hair off, cut it, wash it and fix all the fixings to go with it. Then they washed and dried the dishes all by hand.

 While things like all this was going on mother’s still found time for their children:  They went to their children’s school functions, helped them with homework, special projects, went to recitals and school plays, PTA meetings, cooked candies and cakes for grade-mother duties, told bedtime stories and while  swinging with them sing songs to the children or with the children.  They made sure elbows, knees and behind ears were clean, teeth and hair brushed.  On Sunday, day of rest, they made sure the children and clothes were clean, shoes polished and parents went with their children (maybe took neighbors with them) to worship at the neighborhood church.  We were taught to pray before meals and to kneel by our beds to pray before sleep at night, sometimes by example as well as being told.

The county agents that I remember in the 1960s were Virginia Credle and Carolyn Alligood.  They were extremely helpful for the Beaufort county women.

Before the 1960s were over, housewives began taking jobs outside the home and it became difficult to go to meetings (can you imagine why?!)  Clubs began to fold.  Only a few held on.

In 1976 Ernestine Woolard began a new club, the 76er’s. Some had looked forward to joining when they retired and some looked forward to returning when they retired and did so. These women, now in the ‘80s and ‘90s, are to be commended for all they have done. They went through the depression and WW2 and took care to make their family life special for their husband and children, their church, friends, neighbors. They worked many hours, day and night.  Women that wanted to learn and wasn’t afraid to work or try whatever needed to be done, they made part of this past 100 years a wonderful and innocent era for their children to grow up in. 

This is 2013, one hundred years after a much needed help system first began. This was a time like no other.  A system that helped many that wanted to learn what to do to give their family the best they could, in their time. 
Beaufort  County now has been blessed with a much needed, wonderfully sweet Liaison (County Agent): Louise Hinsley.

Home Demonstration is now ECA (EXTENTION and COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION).  May the tradition of helping continue!

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Seaboard Line Train #84 Rams Excursion Train, Killing William Jordan,1910

Eastern Carolina News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910

Rear End Collision at Raleigh

The Seaboard Air Line northbound train No. 84, at 1:10 Friday morning ran into the rear of an excursion train on the Southern Railway just returned from Durham, while standing under the shed of the Union Depot at Raleigh, killing one negro man named William Jordan, and injured probably fatally a colored man from Norfolk. Others injured were some half dozen.

N.C. Republican State Convention in Greensboro, 1910

Eastern Carolina News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910

N.C. Republican State Convention

Greensboro, N.C., Special—Preserving historic traditions of harmony and discounting prophesies of protracted warfare, the Republicans of North Carolina in convention assembled Wednesday afternoon elected Congressman John Motley Morehead state chairman by acclamation, put out a state ticket Wednesday night, and adjourned as a harmony assemblage that was heralded far and wide for weeks past as a likely free-for-all fight.

The convention adopted a platform which embodies a significant self-government plank, made radical reforms in its plan of organization and nominated candidates for the Supreme Court and the Corporation Commission.

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Folks Using Liberty Bonds on Spending Jag, 1919

The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., August 7, 1919

Getting Rid of Easy Money

One answer to the high cost of living problem is that people are holding their money too cheaply. Thousands of Americans who never were more than a dozen paces from the breadline are today owners of Liberty Bonds or some other form of securities and they have never learned the lessons which Ben Franklin sought to teach a growing nation. Some of the people are spending their Liberty Bonds. Their savings in these securities represent money that came comparatively easy, that is to say, the holdings were accumulated in small weekly or monthly payments, money that was hardly missed from the pay envelope.

The people are spending as furiously as they fought and worked in war times. They are on a spending “jag” so to speak, not only in this country where the fruits of victory seem to make spending a necessary part of the peace program, but in the rest of the world, not even omitting the countries of the Entente. The money of the times is apparently very cheap, it seems to come easily and go easily, but this condition can’t last indefinitely.

When spenders are free and easy, prices go up with equal ease. Those who hold their “easy” money too cheaply make hard buying for those who must part sparingly with their limited funds and, by the same token, those who demand luxuries without accounting the cost may expect to pay more for necessities. The trouble is not so much the high cost of living but the cost of high living.

Someone remarked very sagely that if all the wealth of the rich were equally distributed among those who have little or nothing, the rich would soon have it back again and the other class would being the same position as before the division was made. This the natural consequence because the rich, or the great proportion of that class learned to accumulate wealth by saving more quickly than the class that had never been accustomed to it.

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Joe Cannon Returns to Wiscassett Mill, 1922

The Albemarle Press, Albemarle, N.C., Thursday, Aug. 10, 1922. Slogan under the banner: “The Press- The “Tongue” of the Country; May It Never Be Cut Out”

Operatives of Wiscassett Mill Give Great Ovation to Mr. Joe Cannon. . . Mr. Cannon Becomes General Manager of the Mills and His Return Gives Occasion to the Large Demonstration Showing Welcome to His Return…Mills Increase Work to Five Days in Week

The Directors of the Wiscassett Mills Company met in Tuesday for the purpose of electing officers. Since the death of Mr. J.W. Cannon, president, last year, there has been no permanent organization, and the meeting held Tuesday was one of considerable importance to the mill management. Mr. John Leslie of New York has been president since the death of Mr. Cannon, and we are told that he signified a desire not to be re-elected to the position. This vacancy fell naturally to Mrs. J.W. Cannon of Concord, and she was duly elected.

We give a list of the officers elected at the top of the adjoining column, and it is especially gratifying to the interested friends of this great institution in our midst that the old officers are to be retained—the men who have contributed to so much to the success of the mill.

During the past year or so, for health reasons and other causes, Mr. Joe F. Cannon has not been intimately connected with the management. But upon him, more than upon any one man, has been the management of the Wiscassett since its inception. That was in the latter part of 1903 that he was placed in charge, and about 18 years of the time following, he was operating the business course of the plant. He saw it grow from a beginning of 22,000 spindles to its present capacity of 94,000. And from a comparatively small plant to the giant and significant holdings of today, when eight mills, including the knitting department, together with 18 warehouses, two fine graded school buildings, park and pavilion, and one of the prettiest mill villages of the South.

During Mr. Cannon’s career with the mills, he became peculiarly popular, not only with the mill executives but alike with the operators. And his return to the general management was a final for a decided note of welcome on Tuesday evening in Wiscassett Park, staged by the operatives themselves.

A large crowd came out, and Professor Ludwig and his band were present to make inspiring music. A pyrotechnic display of fireworks in advance interested the large crowd, and when Mr. Cannon and some of his friends came to the stand in the pavilion, applause broke out.

Captain Thomas M. Denning, who has been associated with the mill here during the past years, as general superintendent, and who is reputed to be the best mill superintendent in the South today, made the remaining remarks. He started by stating that he was glad to say to the men and women and boys and girls of Wiscassett Mills, “I am glad after two years to see the ‘Old Boss’ back. He is a friend to all the people and has their interests at heart. I am glad that he has been re-elected, and I know our people are glad; because so large a number of them are out tonight.” Mr. Denning called Mr. Cannon to the stand.

Mr. Cannon said, “A am glad to be over again.” The speaker then reviewed the work and accomplishments of the Wiscassett Mill and its continued policy of expansion in becoming one of the largest mills in the state and of the South. This policy shall continue, and the speaker recognized that it has been possible only through the splendid co-operation on part of the people themselves. They are among the healthiest and best-looking people of any section of the land. The speaker was greeted in his address by prolonged applause.

Mr. Luther T. Hartsell of Concord spoke of “Joe” Cannon as a man of the people—one who mingles with the people. As school boys together, he and Joe ate pie from the same tin can. He has no false ideas of class.

Attorney R.L. Brown of Albemarle made a speech which called forth much mirth. He spoke in familiar terms of his relationship with “little Joe” as one who did things for people, and who would do much for Albemarle and for the mills under his management.

Professor Ludwig followed by saying that it was under Mr. Cannon that the band received its start, and they regarded him as a friend upon whom they could depend.

To the onlooker, the demonstration seemed to be one out of full hearts. The operatives seemed to want to show their appreciation of the fact that their former boss has returned, and to give evidence of their regard for him. If they show the same spirit of enthusiastic co-operation in their work as was manifest Tuesday evening, Mr. Cannon has just cause for feeling proud over the reception accorded him, and he has a large mission before him in living up to the expectancy of his people.

Mills to Run 5 Days in Week Instead of 4
During the demonstration, came the good news that the mills of Albemarle would increase the number of working days each week from four to five, and that very soon it is expected that they will be placed on full time. This means much to the business of Albemarle and the entire section, and comes as good news.

Officers Elected
President—Mrs. James W. Cannon
Vice President and General Manager—Joe F. Cannon
Treasurer—J.A. Groves
Secretary—M.A. Boger
General Superintendent—T.M. Denning

Monday, August 7, 2017

Earth Swallowing Houses, Trees in Virginia Town, 1910

Eastern Carolina News, Kenansville, N.C., August 17, 1910

Fear in Staunton…Earth Swallows Houses and Trees in Virginia Town…Geologist Goes to the Scene…Limestone Foundation Gradually Giving Away and Rivers Under Town…People Moving

Staunton, Va., Special—A two-story house and a large tree have been swallowed up into the earth, many other residences are sinking and have been abandoned by their occupants, and public buildings are endangered as the result of the boring of an 800-foot well in the public square here.

Wide cracks in the earth are spreading, threatening the post office and public school building. The walls of the school house already are cracked. Residents are much alarmed and heroic efforts are being made to prevent further caving of the earth.

Washington, Special—In response to an appeal to the geological survey from Staunton, Va., F.B. Van Hors, assistant chief geologist, has gone in to investigate the cave-ins, which have caused heavy property damage in the Virginia town. The theory held by the government geologist is that the trouble was caused by water percolating through the limestone, which underlies the entire sections, and thus has weakened the foundations of buildings and caused them to give way. Mr. Van Horn is familiar with the geological structure of that portion of Virginia and from press reports he judges that dissolving limestone is responsible for the trouble.

Mountain Scenes in Western North Carolina, 1919

The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., August 7, 1919

Wonderful Mountain Scenes

Here is some fine rhetoric from a Burnsville Correspondent to the Toe River Herald:

“There seems at this season an alluring charm all out of doors. We go forth upon a mountain climb and watch the distant peaks rise up as we ascend. Passing through tangles of laurel, ferns and wonderful flowers which we are sure no one has ever seen the like, we reach the summit where it seems all creation to spread out before us, the dark blue heights of the distant peaks outlined above, the clouds below.

We are sure that of all wonderful scenes and the artful works of man, there is none to compare with the mountain scenes of Western North Carolina.”

Sunday, August 6, 2017

News From Across the State, Aug. 10, 1922

The Albemarle Press, August 10, 1922

State News
The Cone Mills at Greensboro have shut down for a two-week vacation, ending the 14th.

The Moore County News estimates that with last week’s wind-up, $3,000,000 was brought into that section this season through the crop of peaches.

Hickory is now concerned over getting an adequate water supply, and is planning to secure a gravity flow from Caldwell County at a distance of 15 miles, from Middle Little River.

Post office inspectors have finally apprehended the two thieves who robbed the post office at Oxford on March 8, 1920 of $34,000. The men were captured at Memphis, Tenn., last week.

Miss Mary Covington, daughter of the late D.A. Covington, was admitted to practice law last week before the court in session at Monroe conducted by Judge B.F. Long. It is not stated where she will practice.

The injunction issued by Judge Connor preventing striking employes from interfering with trains or employes of the A.C.L. Railroad is in force until September 2, says a Wilmington dispatch, but consent of all parties concerned.

J.L. Peake was convicted at Winston-Salem for the murder in the second degree of H.B. Ashburn, who was shot to death in his office there on last December. Judge Brock pronounced a sentence of 30 years upon the convicted man.

A terrific hail storm visited parts of Cabarrus, Rowan, Wilkes, Alexander, Catawba and Iredell counties last Thursday. It is said that stones large enough to split watermelons wide open fell, and reached a depth of 12 inches. Much damage was done to corn, cotton, and other crops.

Anson County, like other North Carolina sections, is claiming a good outlook for crops. Cotton probably the finest in years, despite the boll weevil, while the melon crop is providing a great factor. The “honey dew” cantaloupe has made its initial reputation this year in the county.

The North Carolina Cotton Growers’ Association is waging a sign-up drive to secure a total of 600,000 bales of cotton for the association. Dr. Clarence Poe was the first to sign the marketing contract, and his speech was made at Dunn Saturday in interest of the drive.

L.W. Barnhardt, a Trinity College man of the Class of 1921, has been elected professor of history in the technological high school for boys at Atlanta, Ga. Trinity College men seem to be quite popular in this Georgia city, as a number of them have won reputations in the Atlanta high schools.

“Judge” is a given name to a Charlotte lawyer and Republican who has been given a position in the prohibition unit under J.J. Britt at Washington City. The young ladies addressing Mr. Little without knowledge of the facts are said to have been somewhat embarrassed when they found out they were addressing a camouflage judge.

Saturday, August 5, 2017

Thomas and Marvin Hager Winners in Gaston County Wheat Club, 1919

The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., August 7, 1919

Good Wheat Yield

Thomas and Marvin Hager, aged 11 and 14 respectively, sons of Mr. J.A. Hager of Bessemer City R-1, are members of the Gaston County wheat club. Last year they won first and second prices competing with 27 members, raising 26 and 26 ½ bushels from one acre each. This year they expect to win first and second prizes again. Thomas raised from his acre this year 33 ¾ bushels of prolific and Marvin raised from his acre 33 ½ bushels of red chaff. The wheat this year followed alfalfa and red clover.

Mr. J.A. Hager, father of the boys, had 10 acres seeded to wheat this year which threshed out 221 bushels and made 428 bales of straw.

Friday, August 4, 2017

J.C. Chandler, 91, Still at Work at the Mill, 1942

From The Mill Whistle, Monday, Aug. 3, 1942

Young Fellow at 91

If you think you are getting too old to work just take a good look at the young fellow in the above picture. He is J.C. Chandler and is now in his 91st year, working as regularly as a clock and physically able to do a good deal more than a mere eight hours in the Sheeting Mill card room.

Mr. Chandler has been working for the company for more years than most of us have been living, and he is one of the most loyal employees that any company ever had. He has built himself a home out in the country near Draper, where he expects to retire some day and enjoy his old age, working his garden and puttering about the house. This truly remarkable man is universally liked and respected and his example of loyalty and perseverance is one we might do well to follow. Our hope is that his 100th birthday finds him as hale and hearty as he is today.

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Farmers Institute at Sunnyside Was Success, 1919

The Eagle, Cherryville, N.C., L.H.J. Houser, editor, August 7, 1919 issue

The Farmers Institute at Sunnyside last Saturday was a grand success from every standpoint—large attendance, good picnic dinner, good speakers and sociability. Everybody likes to go to Sunnyside. There is not a more congenial people to be found in any section. Co-operation and progress are their watchwords. The nice, commodious new brick veneered school building in which the sessions of the institute were held testifies to this fact. The new modern brick church building recently constructed just a few hundred yards from the school building is other evidence of the community spirit and co-operation of the Sunnyside people. The young people of Sunnyside—Sample Hager, Walden Weaver, Gus Stroup, Tom Royster and many others have caught the co-operative and community spirit of their forebears—Sid Kiser, J. Kiser, I.H. Watts, Moses Stroup and others we can’t just now recall. The Sunnyside people will meet next Saturday night to consider the question of having a community fair this fall.

Mr. C. Lee Gowan, Gaston’s Farm Demonstrator, was master of ceremonies and had a program arranged which was interesting and beneficial to all present. Many useful suggestions were given by the speakers in regard to the growing of crops, health, house-keeping and live stock. And right here we want to say it isn’t what we know, it’s what we do with our knowledge that counts. Any study that is idle and adds nothing to a man’s stock in trade for his life work is wasted study. The man who knows a little and knows that little well is generally more useful to his fellow men than the man who has a smattering of all tongues and arts, and can practice none of them. Mere learning means nothing, the application of it is everything. Make these institutes count for something.

Monday, July 31, 2017

Was Julian Selig Running from Cows, or Revenue Officers? 1920

“Doc Selig’s Injuries Cause Many Conjectures,” from the July 23, 1920 issue of the Elizabeth City Independent.

While hastening down the Norfolk Southern track at Shawboro from a dance which he was attending, Dr. Julian W. Selig, well known young optometrist of this city, was painfully scratched and cut when he fell through a barbed wire culver, which he failed to see in the darkness. He was on his way to the night train to see his parents, who were returning to Elizabeth City from Norfolk. Another version of Doc Selig’s painful accident is that a cow chased him over the barbed wire fence, which brings up the question, ‘Why was the cow chasing him?’ Still another version may be found by Revenue officers who are operating in the vicinity this week.

Sunday, July 30, 2017

We Shot the Boss on July 29th, 1948

NOW SHOWING in ten U.S. cities—a movie perhaps unlike any you have seen . . . a move in which the stars are men and women of industry. Here on the set are two of the many actors—James F. Bell, left, founder of General Mills, and Harry A. Bullis, chairman of the board.

We shot the boss on July 29th

Yes, we shot board chairman Harry Bullis and lots of other General Mills people this past summer, with movie cameras—to make a film now being seen by thousands of our stockholders and employees at informal gatherings throughout the country.

To bring to life the inside story of the company’s 20th year, the new movie—“General Mills Today”—features the farmers who grew our raw materials, the employees who turned them into useful products, the customers who bought them, and the stockholders whose investment made the business possible. It dramatizes the teamwork, the service, and the freedom that underlie our American system.

The chairman of the board and other officers are traveling with the show, to welcome the guests in person, invite suggestions, and answer questions. It’s all part of a broad policy to keep owners, workers, and the public better informed about the company.

Back in 1939, James F. Bell realized that too few people understood how employees, stockholders, and managers in a modern corporation work together to produce needed goods and services for the public—and what each receives in return. To help correct this, he pioneered seven informal regional meetings that fall. Since then, other companies have also adopted the same method of reporting to their employees and stockholders.

P.S.—the new General Mills movie has a happy ending: record sales and record wages, with earnings once again just under 3 cents on each dollar of sales . . . and many new products and services for your convenience and enjoyment.

Saturday, July 29, 2017

Furniture Buyers in High Point This Week, 1914

From the Thursday, July 23, 1914, issue of the High Point Review

Quite a number of buyers have visited this city the past seven days since the beginning of the mid-summer exposition and more are coming tomorrow and Saturday, the closing days. The furniture expositions are getting better each time and the success of same is practically assured. It takes time to bring the large crowds here but they will eventually come, because High Point is the logical furniture center for the Southern buyer especially, and it does the buyer and eventually the trade good to come to the furniture center once a year.

The furniture exposition building should be built at once. It will do more toward creating interest and getting the buyers here than anything else. The fact that High Point has an exposition building will show that we are in earnest, that it is a permanent fixture and that is what is needed just now. Let us build it.

Friday, July 28, 2017

As One Editor Sees It by R.F. Beasley, 1941

Beasley’s Farm and Home Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31, 1941. A single score of years is 20 years, so four score means a person is 80.

As One Editor Sees It by R.F. Beasley

George Bernard Shaw, the playwrite that people have been talking about an arguing over for many years, was 85 one day last week. He said he had been trying to die for a long time but couldn’t. The old bounder is of course fibbing. When he gets sick he will forget all about dying and try to get well. We all talk big about being so many score years young and not expecting to die as long as we feel well. I went to call on an old friend the other day who is 85 and he never said anything about trying to die. He was trying to live, because he is sick. Sam Jones used to say that people told lies about being ready and waiting to go to heaven. Every one of them, he said, would run for the paregoric bottle at the first touch of pain. Life is a tragedy any way you look at it. No one escapes. And death cannot be laughed off even by George Bernard Shaw.


I think that Senator Burton K. Wheeler is about the most detestable man in the United States. He has been violating the spirit if not the letter of the postal law in using the franking privilege to send out all kinds of attacks upon the President of the United States, even postal cards to men in the army asking them to violate the military rules by writing letters demanding that the draft period not be extended. Wheeler hates Roosevelt so bad that he would apparently turn this country over to Hitler or anybody else if only it would hurt Roosevelt. We are arresting men in this country for sabotage, but we apparently can do nothing about any sabotage a United States senator chooses to practice. When Andrew Jackson was president and some senators were acting about like Wheeler is now, Jackson turned loose a grapevine telegram that since there was such a thing as treason, people could be tried and hanged on the charge. It had a good effect. He did not except United States senators.


Japan has been coddled by this country and England for years. That country is the one which started the wave of aggression 10 years ago by robbing China of Manchuria. Now both England and America seem to be ready to stop the coddling and talk business. Why is there no outcry about our stern attitude towards Japan while some are bursting their lungs against aid to England and defiance of Hitler? The Pacific coast hates the Japanese and that closes the mouths of some United States senators. Yet it is perfectly well known that Hitler is the man who is instigating Japan to more and more aggression. Through his pressure on the French government, which is his puppet, Japan has been given a free hand in the French territory of China. France calls upon Japan to protect her possessions are the fake charge that America and England are preparing to take them. That is simon pure Hitler politics.


There is one thing that this country should put a stop to. That is all these various societies and organizations of people in this country who still hold allegiance to foreign countries. When in former times men came to this country from Europe they came to escape those countries and to be transformed into Americans. Now they appear to come to America only to continue to be something else and to exert pressure on this country to cease to be American. Westbrook Peglar contends that only natives of America should be allowed to vote. Foreigners come here now, often lie about their naturalization papers, and waltz into our politics and put pressure on our officials in behalf of that country they came from. No German-American bund should be allowed to exist, nor any Communist party. We are so wasteful of liberty in this country that pretty soon we shall have none. No many who splits his nationality ought to be allowed to vote in this country, and all naturalization ought to be put on a probationary status.

Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Agriculturalists and Practical Farmers Prepare for Farmer Institute Meetings, 1914

“Prepare for Farmers Meetings” from The Review, High Point, N.C., July 30, 1914

Raleigh—More than 500 well known agriculturists and practical farmers from various parts of the state and members of the staff of farm specialists maintained by the state department of agriculture were here for a three days’ conference preparatory for driving into special farmers’ institute workers for the series of farmers’ institutes that are to be held under the auspices of the state department of agriculture in all those counties stretching from Raleigh westward to the crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains during the next 60 days. Capt. T.B. Parker is director of the institute work and has arranged the dates for the institutes and will have immediate supervision of the work of all four of the parties that started out form here, immediately after the conference closed to take up the work of holding the institutes, Chatham, Durham, Moore, Hoke, Davie and Randolph being among the first counties to have institutes in connection with this series.

Monday, July 24, 2017

Horrid Thought, We May Have to Go Without Silk Stockings During War, 1941

Beasley’s Farm and Home Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31, 1941

Dr. Lingle, late president of Davidson College, published an article in the current issue of the Christian Observer, giving documentary accounts of suffering in the South just after the Civil War. There was a philanthropic couple in New York who undertook to aid to the extent of their ability people all over the South who were in dire need. This did not apply to the colored people who were the proteges of the Federal government. They were the white people, poor before the war, but left like Scarlet O’Hara, on the land with nothing to eat. Letter after letter is given from Southern people, merchants or others of known probity, who told of such lack of food that in some cases amounted to starvation.

Well, we must have the hardships of war, even before we have actual war. In some of the countries which have had or now have war, people are begging for bread. And right here in our own beloved land we are threatened with a shortage of silk stockings. Of course people do not eat silk stockings. But Shylock said, “You take my life when you do take the means whereby to live.” And that being so, people in America who might find life unbearable without silk stockings may face the stern necessity of shuffling off this mortal coil.

Of course the soldiers of Washington at Valley Forge had no silk stockings. Many of them had no stockings at all and a good many of them had no shoes. But times are different now. What were then unheard of luxuries are now necessities. The government may find it necessary, in warding off the attempt of Japan to stab freedom and democracy in the east while Hitler is murdering it in the west, to forbid the shipment of silk from Japan to this country. That means no silk stockings, for all the silk that we can get will have to go into parachutes to save the lives of men who find it necessary to jump from death in the air. You can’t make parachutes out of cotton. Can you make stockings of cotton? No, not silk stockings, and who would scratch his or her legs with cotton or wool socks? Therefore, the people representing the silk stocking manufacturers will endeavor to show the government what a suicidal policy it would be to prohibit the importation of silk from Japan. And we do not yet know how large and powerful a silk stocking block may arise and exert its pressure upon the government.
Freedom and democracy are nice, if they do not cost anything. But when the necessities of life must be given up in their behalf, that is something to talk about. Would America give up silk stockings for freedom? Would America give up anything for freedom?

Sunday, July 23, 2017

Rev. Tyre Suffers Stroke, Rev. Deshields to Hold Revival, 1920

“Presiding Elder Tyre Suffers Paralytic Stroke,” from the July 23, 1920 issue of the Elizabeth City Independent.

Rev. A.P. Tyre, who was Presiding Elder of the Elizabeth City District Methodist Episcopal Church South about 15 years ago, is the victim of a stroke of paralysis and his condition is extremely critical. His daughter, Mrs. W.C. Sawyer of this city, was called to his bedside this week. Rev. Mr. Tyre is now located at Greensboro.

Revival at Coinjock

A revival meeting will be conducted at Coinjock Christian Church, Currituck County, beginning Wednesday evening, August 4. The meeting will be conducted by the present pastor, Rev. Z.N. Deshields, assisted by the former pastor, Rev. C.B. Mashburn of Ellington, S.C.

Saturday, July 22, 2017

High Point to Get Electricity to Light the Streets Downtown, 1914

From the Thursday, July 23, 1914, issue of the High Point Review

Mayor Tate Talks on the White Way and Other Progressive Matters

Judging from the citizens’ meeting the probability is that High Point will have the “white way.” Since this meeting Mayor Tate has said publicly:

“We are now favored with a proposition from the Public Service Company, not as I believe a money-maker for this company, but with a view to beginning a larger and greater development of High Point which will ultimately enhance their values here just as it will that of all others whose property enhancement depends largely upon the continued growth of the city, whereby the city will be saved of the cost of erection and maintenance of the “white way” system. This entire outlay to be made by the Public Service company and the entire responsibility of its maintenance to be on them. The only cost to the city will be a stipulated price per year for each of the five-light columns, with a proper rebate penalty for outage as under our present contract.

“The term of this ‘white way’ contract will run for five years so that it will expire at the same time our other contracts with this company expire, thus permitting the city to renew all its lighting and power contracts together, or possibly make other arrangements if deemed wise.

“Now if we would give this city the ‘white way,’ we must also provide for further extensions of arc lights to the outlying sections not yet provided with this convenience, and in order for the proper care for the whole undertaking, it will be necessary to increase the incandescent lighting rate about one cent per k.w. hour making the minimum, say, 60 cents per month. Our rate, when this is done, will be, only a fraction more than half that being charged by all other North Carolina cities.

“This proposition will doubtless be definitely determined and settled at a meeting of the city council soon, and if there are any citizens who opposed the plan as outlined in the petition now being circulated, it would be wise for them to appear before the council and give expression to their views at that time.”

In addition to the arrangements which have been made for repairing the bithulithic payment this summer, there are several forward steps to be taken in High Point’s advancement: First the “white way”; second, a new city hall; third, a furniture exposition; fourth, electric road to Winston; fifth, cleaning out another main street; and sixth, a county courthouse.

Friday, July 21, 2017

Troops Depended on Carrier Pigeons in WWI and WWII, 1941

Beasley’s Farm and Home Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31, 1941

Carrier Pigeons Trained by Army for Messengers

A stout heart is honored by all men, by all nations, and special tribute is paid to voiceless heroes. That is why out of every war has come acclaim for the animals and winged messengers who serve men alike in the fields of peace and the fields of battle.

The annals of the United States Army are rich in tributes for these comrades who, bearing no arms of defense or offense, have gone into the fight with hearts of steel. Into these records have gone the history of “First Division Age,” hero of valorous deeds done in France and beloved buddy alike of generals and privates and on whose tombstone in an East Orange (N.J.) cemetery is chiseled the simple epitaph: “Rags—Wounded in Action With the American Expeditionary Forces in France—1918;” of “Old Cap,” wire-haired Griffon who served with distinction in the World War, winning a French medal and who sleeps today in Ware, Mass.; of “Stubby,” famous war dog of the Twenty-Sixth Division, painted by Charles Ayres Whipple; of “Mr. Downing,” General Pershing’s favorite mount who answered the last call in 1933; and of “President Wilson,” battle scarred war pigeon and one of several hero pigeons of the World War, says a New York dispatch to the Christian Science Monitor.

Training for Birds

It is to these sky messengers that the United States Army is today devoting attention and training comparable to that given trainees in any branch of the service. Maj. John K. Shawman, pigeon expert of the Signal Corps, is in charge of the work of training these birds at Fort Monmouth, N.J., and has recently staged eight-day flights in New York City of his feathered wards.
The United States Army is second to none in the development of bird communication service, having found that carrier pigeons have increased in importance with each development of the blitzkrieg, since through them defensive communications are maintained and opportunity developed to shatter the enemy lines.

Formerly homing pigeons could not be moved around, but insisted upon returning to one spot. Army Signal Corps officers have developed the use of a mobile loft that can now be taken on maneuvers to any part of the country. Within five days of their arrival at destination, the birds will be performing their duties.

An exclusive development of the United States Army is the two-day pigeon service. These birds will take a message to a special point and return to the place of take-off. How the birds are thus trained is a close Army secret. It is believed this country is the only one to have developed such two-way feathered couriers.

Major Shawman’s carrier pigeon training in New York was carried on from Rockefeller Center. Among the most interested spectators were the pigeons that make their homes on the set-backs of the city within a city in midtown Manhattan, and who find easy living in the hands of bird-lovers. They looked up in wonderment at the swift flight of the winged soldiers of the army.

Major Shawman gave his pigeons several days in New York to permit them to get accustomed to their new surroundings. Short flights were made during these days. Then, for the big test, six birds were taken by underground railroad to six points in the outskirts of the city. The subway in no way affected their sense of direction, and when they were released they flew as straight as an arrow at a mile-a-minute clip back to their mobile loft at Rockefeller Center.

In War Service

The carrier pigeon service of the Army is being greatly expanded. Another duty that has fallen to the care of Major Shawman is the registering of every private pigeon loft in the Nation. This was done not only to list a reserve of birds in case of an Army shortage, but more importantly, to keep a careful guard over the activities of saboteurs and fifth columnists who might use the birds for message carrying.

Great Britain has been using pigeons to carry dispatches in the present war and has appealed to American loft owners to donate birds for war service. Each British airplane when it takes off carries two pigeons for dispatching messages back to its base in case the radio fails to work.

Military use of pigeons dates from the days of the Roman Empire. Decius Brutus used homing pigeons to get in touch with the Roman Consuls in 43 B.C. when Mutina was besieged by Mark Antony. The Saracens used sky messengers during the First Crusade. The Crusaders tried to interrupt this service by sending falcons after them, but many of the enemy birds got through.

In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, when the Germans surrounded Paris, homing pigeons were used by the defenders to keep in touch with the outside world. The Germans countered by using a corps of pigeon-chasing hawks, but, nevertheless, pigeons were credited with delivering more than (can’t read number but it’s more than 100,000) messages.

After this war pigeon corps were established as regular units in the Army and Navy Intelligence Departments of most of the European Powers. The birds were equipped with whistles which kept hawks, falcons and other predatory birds at a distance.

Served in World War

During the World War homing pigeons carried thousands of messages back from the front lines on both sides of no-man’s land, 20,000 birds being used by the United States Army, 120,000 by the Central Powers and more than 300,000 by the Entente Allies.

The American bird Cher Ami was the savior of the famed Lost Battalion of the Argonne. Isolated from the rest of the Seventy-Seventh Division, this battalion sent bird after bird into the air only to see each brought down by German sharp-shooters and machine-gunners. Cher Ami, the last bird left, although wounded in the breast and minus a leg, finally got through to Division Headquarters with a message which gave the exact location of the lost men and led to their rescue.

“President Wilson,” who lived 11 years after the World War, was assigned to a tank corps in France and during a battle in the Marne-Argonne sector flew through a heavy fog and rain at a mile-a-minute clip for 21 miles. He delivered his communication which was stilled tied to his leg. One of his legs had been shot away.

Another outstanding feathered hero of World War I was Mocker, who passed on at Fort Monmouth in 1937 at the age of 21 years. Mocker flew over the fighting lines many times. During the final push before St. Mihiel, Mocker was hit by a piece of shrapnel and lost his right eye. In spite of this, he winged his way to the American lines. The message gave the range on a German gun which had been hindering the advance of the American troops. Twenty minutes after Mocker arrived with the message, the gun was silenced.

In Times of Peace

Feathered messengers were used by man for peaceful purposes long before they were put to military use. The ancient people of the Orient and Egypt made use of them. The Greeks, who borrowed the idea from the Persians, used pigeons to report the results of the Olympic games. Ancreon in 560 B.C. wrote on”Ode to the Carrier Pigeon,” telling how each province’s representatives took pigeons to the games and sent word back home how the games were progressing.

Homing pigeons’ speeds average from 30 to 60 miles an hour, although a record of 75 miles an hour has been made. The birds can stay in the air from sunrise to sunset and have hung up some remarkable long-distance flying records. One bird released in Havana, Cuba, on July 4, 1930, arrived in Baltimore, Md., five days later, 1,300 miles away.

A racing pigeon called “Miss 1303”escaped in May, 1930, from a Caracas, Venezuela, mining engineer to whom she had been sold and flew 3,000 miles to her original home in Long Island.

French soldiers releasing carrier pigeons in World War I

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Tobacco and Cigarettes Used to be Leading Products in North Carolina

I'm old. I remember when the air in sections of Durham carried the sweet smell of tobacco. I also remember when Winston-Salem manufactured Winston and Salem cigarettes. But those days are gone. When the president noted products made in the various states yesterday, he didn't hold up a carton of cigarettes. North Carolina's product was Cheerwine.

If your ancestors were living in North Carolina, they may have been involved in the tobacco industry. For an overview, read Teresa Leonard's Past Times column in the Raleigh News & Observer.

Below is a photo from the newspaper article, which was published July 20, 2015.

Mention Around the Mills, from the Fieldcrest Mill Whistle, July 20, 1942

Fieldcrest Mill Whistle, July 20, 1942.

Mention Around the Mills


The following correspondents have been selected for the purpose of gathering news from their respective mills. Any news item—about yourself, your family, your friends and neighbors—should be given to them. Don’t be bashful; people like to read about you just as much as you like to read about them.

Blanket: Mrs. Katherine Turner

Sheeting: Warren Hubbard

Bedspread: Morell Connor

Finishing: Mrs. Lois Hill

Central Warehouse: Mrs. Maybud Stanley

Rayon: Ray Warner

Bleachery: Miss Georgia Thomas

Office: Howard Sheffield

Woollen: Mrs. Maggie M. Harris

Towel: Mrs. Virginia Witt Williams

Hosiery: C.D. Looney

Karastan: Miss Dorothy Manley

Blanket Mill

Mr. and Mrs. Dan Strutton and Mr. and Mrs. C.F. Hailey and Son, Hassell, attended the funeral of Mrs. Hailey’s aunt, Mrs. Archer Moonan, in Baltimore, Md., last week. Before returning home they spent several days in Washington, D.C.

Claude Gillie of the Marines spent a few days last week with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H.C. Gillie.

James Manuel of the army spent last week with his mother and other relatives.

Pfc. Edward Ferguson spent several days in town visiting friends and relatives.

Lawson Talbott of Durham spent the weekend with his mother.

Mr. and Mrs. Jack Blackwell and children, and Bernice and Francis Gilbert, and Bernice Burch spent Sunday at Fairystone Park.

Sergeant Nathan Powell of Fort Bragg spent last weekend with his wife and parents.

Ed Hurd of the army spent the weekend with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Hurd.

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Todd and Miss Gertie Meeks of Schoolfield were recent visitors at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Dewey Gauldin.

Mr. and Mrs. Walton Hamrick of Fayetteville are visiting Mrs. Hamrick’s mother, Mrs. Gladys Leary.

Sheeting Mill

Mrs. George Voss and children and Master Ted Gaudlin were weekend visitors of Mr. and Mrs. Ira Barrow.

Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Williams motored to Fairy Stone Park, Sunday.

Mr. and Mrs. E.C. Stophel spent the holidays with friends and relatives in Tennessee.

Mr. and Mrs. Ed Walker and family spent last weekend in Vesta, Va.

Eugene Pruitt of the navy visited his parents, Mr. and Mrs. E.E. Pruitt recently.

Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Samuels and family visited relatives here last weekend.

Word received recently from Kessler Field, Miss. One of the largest air force technical schools, states that Dewey Melton, son of Mr. and Mrs. R.M. Melton, has recently been promoted from corporal to sergeant. Sergeant Melton, formerly a professional baseball player, has a host of friends who are glad to know he is doing so well with Uncle Sam.

Mrs. Fred Rippy and children of Charlotte has accepted a position here and is making her home with her mother, Mrs. Annie Wilson.

Bedspread Mill

Bradley Murray, who has been in the hospital for an appendectomy, will be able to return to his home Friday. We are glad to hear of his rapid improvement and hope he will be at work soon.

Doris Barnes has gone to New York to visit her husband, Everett, who is employed in an anti-aircraft plant there. “Keep ‘em falling (the enemy), Everett.”

The rest of the page was damaged, so I don’t know what was in the rest of the column about Mrs. Nannie Gilley, Mrs. Cora Brannon and Ann Murphy.

Towel Mill

Mr. and Mrs. Leroy H. Shaw announce the engagement of their daughter, Shirley Alyne, to William Grover Golightly. The marriage will be solemnized in the near future. Miss Shaw is employed in the Towel Mill office and Mr. Golightly is connected with the Martinsville Broadcasting Co.

The Health League and Fellowship Club held its regular monthly meeting last week at the Fieldale Y.M.C.A. club room, with Mrs. T.F. Wilson hostess. After the business session a stork shower was presented to Mrs. George Merriman. Delicious refreshments were served by the hostess. The club plans to hold its annual picnic Saturday evening, July 19, 7 o’clock at the Fieldale baseball park.

Our popular sewing room foreman, E. Sherrill, reports that he believes he is just about the best gardener in the county. He raises a double crop of vegetables from one planting. Everyone that doubts this may call on Mr. Sherrill and he will be glad to show them his Irish potato planting, with a crop of something that resembles tomatoes growing on the vines and, of course, he has a crop of potatoes under the ground.

Rev. Z.V. Mason has concluded a successful revival at Salem church in Patrick county. The baptismal service was held at George’s Mill, Mayo River, yesterday afternoon at 4 o’clock, with 11 candidates for baptism. Mr. Mason assisted in a revival at the Methodist church here a few weeks ago.

Mr. and Mrs. J.B. Hunter, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Hunter and Mr. and Mrs. Jimmie Robbins attended a family reunion last Sunday at the Fredell farm about eight miles north of Fieldale.

Mr. and Mrs. J.W. Pickup were among the visitors at Fairy Stone Park, Sunday.

Our community is saddened by the death of C. Kelly Harrell, which occurred last Thursday afternoon while he was at work in the mill. Mr. Harrell was a loom-fixer and had been a loyal employee of the Towel Mill for many years. He was a good citizen and well liked by everyone. Survivors include his wife and two children.

Sgt. Hobart Gusler of Camp Pickett, Blackstone, Va., was called to Fieldale during the weekend on account of the illness of his wife. Mrs. Gusler has been quite ill for several days but her condition is now somewhat improved.

Mesdames Willie Sawyer, Bill Barbour, Lyle McAlexander and Hughes Martin visited their husbands at Norfolk Saturday and Sunday, returning to Fieldale Sunday evening.

Frederick Stilwell, formerly connected with the packing room and now with the U.S. Navy, has been transferred from Newport, Rhode Island, to Great Lakes, Illinois. He will attend a machinist school at that place.

Hosiery Mill

Robie B. McFarland, a knitter employed in the Hosiery Mill, is leaving for officers’ training this week. He also has the distinct honor of being the first employee of the mills in the manufacturing division to obtain and have delivered to him a U.S. War Bond purchased through the payroll deduction plan. This action further exemplifies the loyalty and patriotism that Robie has always shown towards things pertaining to the successful promotion of our war efforts. Such characteristics will be of particular value to him as he develops into a military officer.

Edgar D. Ferguson of the U.S. Navy was recently promoted from water tender, second class, to water tender, first class.

Messrs. Morris N. Eggleston and Walter Hale were the first employees of the Hosiery Mill to subscribe for war bonds. Both of these young men as well as many of their associates were very anxious to “slap the Dirty Little Jap” by putting their savings into the purchase of war bonds for the promotion of the war campaign.

Mrs. Evelyn Ferguson of the Hosiery Mills has just returned from Philadelphia where she spent a week with her husband, Edgar D. Ferguson, USN.

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Bryant Takes Long Walk and Describes Indian Children at Boarding School, 1901

Beasley’s Farm and Home Weekly, Charlotte, N.C., July 31, 1941

Took Round Trip of 20 Miles…Only to Find That Old Jim Walkingstick Had Nothing to Say and Said It

By H.E.C. (Red Buck) Bryant

Jim Walkingstick was a Cherokee Indian in 1901 but no doubt he has passed to the Happy Hunting Ground long before this, for he was 77 years old in that old horse and buggy era when I made his acquaintance. One Sunday morning in November, I was walking from Bryson City, Swain County, to the Eastern Cherokee Training School, 10 miles away on the banks of the Oconee-Lufty River.

I had for a companion on that 20-mile round trip jaunt a traveling salesman I had never seen before. He heard me say that I was going to walk and insisted on accompanying me. I asked him if he had been used to such strenuous journeys afoot, and he answered in the negative but boasted that he could do the task if I could. He was what George Ade called a wind-jammer.

We made the journey, up hill and down hill, in very good time. I never saw that pal again for 15 years, and then in Washington. On a popular business street he stopped me, and recalled the ramble in the mountains, and added that he went from Bryson City to Knoxville, Tenn., where he was out of commission for nearly three weeks. He had undertaken, too much, when he was not used to it, and it laid him up.

To the Cherokee School

Back there, 40 years ago this coming winter, I wrote:

“Bryson City, Nov. 22—If one would know North Carolina he must travel from the Atlantic to the Smokies. Out here I almost feel like I was in a foreign land. The topography of the country and the people are so unlike what I have been used to around Charlotte. But the more I know of this section and its inhabitants the better I like them. To fully appreciate the country or the people one must make excursions into the rural districts. There mountain men and women live. They are the salt of the earth.

“Bryson City is a very lonesome place for a stranger on Sunday. Of course there are churches to go to but I go to those at home. One soon tires of laying around a hotel and is compelled to do something in self-defense. That I did yesterday. And, being interested in Uncle Sam and his work, I walked out to the Cherokee Training School.

“I had for a walking mate a pill seller who walked well for an inexperienced mountain climber. We made the visit between 9 and 5:30,and with the exception of a ravenous appetite, a few sore muscles and a great desire to sleep, I did not feel any the worse from the jaunt.

“What I saw at the school and on the way there and back affords material for a good story.

Meets Old Man Jim Walkingstick

“Seven miles out of town we began to see Indians—real Indians. I have seen Catawbas and Croatans but none of them look like the Cherokees, who have red, copper color, the high cheek bones and the long, straight black hair.

“The first individual we met was old man Jim Walkingstick. He was leaning against the fence that enclosed the red man’s church at Bird-Town. His eyes were fixed on the far off mountains and his mind, no doubt, on the Happy Hunting Ground. He was not the only man there for two dozen or more young bucks stood along the fence, and others loafed in front of the church. All waited for the services to begin. As we approached every mouth was closed. If any conversation had been going it was stopped. Each Indian looked as if he had lost his best friend. The atmosphere was heavy with Indian piety. I felt like I was offending the Indians by desecrating the Sabbath. But I have since come to the conclusion that they were simply playing ‘possum or pouting. I believe they thought the two pale-faced tramps were after doing the Red-skin harm. I tried to draw Jim Walkingstick into a conversation, but he did nothing but grunt. He could not tell his own name. His silence sealed the lips of the younger men. It was impossible to get a word of information about the country, or the people. And when I insinuated that I would stay for preaching the whole crowd looked more downcast than ever, and some few bucks grunted and walked away. If we had offered to go in the church I do not believe the pastor would have had a corporal’s guard.

Women Look Neat

“We moved on up the river toward the school and met a score or more of women going to Bird-Town. Most of them wore red shawls or capes over their shoulders and red bandana handkerchiefs on their heads. Their skirts were made of some plain cloth and had been made when the water was high, for they did not swing lower than the shoe top. They were made to walk in. I saw no one but who looked neat. As a rule the women are large and strong looking. Several of the girls wore strings of beads.

“The Eastern Cherokee Training School is maintained by the federal government. From year to year Congress appropriates enough to provide for 150 children. The school draws from all the Cherokee families east of the Mississippi River. At present 168 children, 90 boys and 78 girls, are in the school. Their ages run from 6 to 18.

“The work done at this school is decidedly practical. The boys and girls are trained to work as well as taught to read and write. The purpose of the education is to prepare the boys for earning an honest living by honest labor, and the girls for making good housekeepers, good wives and good mothers.

How the School Operates

There are 140 acres of land in the school tract. The boys work in the gardens, in the dairy, in the carpenter shop, in the blacksmith shop, in the shoe shop, where the girls learn to sew, to cook, to wash. The boys milk the cows and the girls take the milk and prepare it for the church and the table. The boys care for the barn and the stock while the girls help cook food and make clothes. The school is made self-sustaining as far as possible. One department helps the other. The work of a session is so divided that every boy must take a turn in each department. For instance, one week he will work on the farm, the next in the blacksmith shop and so on through. The object is to make him an all-round workman. The girls are worked in the same way.

“There are about 18 buildings in the enclosure. The main ones are the girls’ dormitory and dining hall, the boys’ dormitory, the teachers’ quarters, the superintendent’s cottage, the commissary, the school building, the office building, the baker’s shop, and the carpenter’s shop.

“The school is a model for neatness and cleanliness. Every building is kept in ship shape. The boys and girls are required to make their beds and clean their rooms. The superintendent makes a close inspection every Sunday morning from 9:30 to 10 o’clock. He goes to the sleeping apartments and each and every child is expected to be dressed in his or her best clothes, and standing by his or her bed. Order and system prevail everywhere. Along with several other visitors I was conducted into the large bed room of the girls, the dining hall, the kitchen and the school building. The girls sleep in a large room on iron beds equipped with comfortable mattresses and coverings. Boys and girls eat in the same dining room, though they occupy separate buildings and have separate play grounds.

“We arrived at the school soon after dinner had been served. The children were at play on the lawns. Fifty or more boys, handsome little fellows, with black eyes, black hair and red-tinged faces, were scattered over a hill side and a valley, inside the fence, playing shinny. They were like so many lambs skipping about. Further on, the little girls were running and jumping about on their lawn. They were pretty to look upon in their dainty, clean Sunday clothes with their raven locks arranged in plaits tied with bows of ribbon at their backs and on top of their heads. It was an attractive picture. There was a beam of happiness in every little black eye. The children seemed healthy and satisfied. As they romped they did not make much noise. Now and then, however, a boy would give a regular Indian yell. Uncle Sam, thru the teachers, has already accomplished much at this school. He has taught the boys and girls how to keep clean, how to dress, how to work and how to live together in peace and harmony. They should make good citizens.

‘It will no doubt be of interest to other schools’ boys and girls to know the names of 10 of the Cherokee children. Here they are: Masters Owen Walkingstick, Joe Coloniheiski, Jesse Ropetwister, Wilson Gadageski, and cunuaneeta welch, and little Misses Ona Youngdeer, Wahueeto Standingdeer, Yon Youngbird, Maggie Walkingstick, and Josephine Jessan. Those will do to remember. The girls who bear these names are good looking and young. The boys are bright and attractive.

“The location of the Cherokee school could not be improved upon. It is in one of the most charming mountain spots of North Carolina. The Oconee-Lufty River circles around the ground with its clear, swift water in full view of the buildings.

“The children go to Sunday school in the forenoon and to special service in the afternoon every Sunday.

“The Cherokee tribe of North Carolina numbers about 2,500 persons. Jesse Reed is chief and his board of councilmen is composed of 17 of the leading Indians of this section. They met a few days ago.

“On our way to Bryson City, we saw Jim Walkingstick out strolling. He was more communicative than he had been in the morning. On being asked where some Indian wares could be had he piloted us to the house of his son, John, where we purchased a small basket made by Lady Walkingstick. Near the Bird-Town church we bought some table napkin holders made out of laurel. It was then that the Indians became more interesting. Several of them condescended to talk a wee bit.

Whittier’s, on the Murphy branch of the Southern Railway, seven miles east of here, is the most convenient station to Cherokee.

“Many of the most promising boys, after leaving the school here, go to the Carlisle Indian School, of Carlisle, Pa.”