Sunday, June 25, 2017

Local News from the Erwin Chatter, a Monthly Newspaper for Employees of Erwin Cotton Mills, June, 1945

The Erwin Chatter, monthly newspaper for the employees of Erwin Cotton Mills, June, 1945 issue. This issue has many photographs of service men and women. Everyone listed at the beginning, before “Deaths Reported,” has a photo.
Flora Watkins Stephenson, SK 2/C, is stationed at Arlington, Va. She enlisted in the WAVES about two years ago and received her basic training at New York City. He was later transferred to Georgia. She is the wife of James. R. Stephenson of Erwin, who is now serving with the Ninth Army in Germany. Seaman Stephenson is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W.A. Watkins of Erwin. She was employed in No. 5 Winding and Warping before joining the WAVES.
Her brother, Pfc. William A. Watkins is now recuperating in the hospital at Parris Island, S.C., as result of shock received in the Pacific area. He is a veteran of Guadalcanal, Cape Gloucester and Pelila. He spent 26 months overseas, including a few months in Australia. Pfc. Watkins enlisted in the Marines Oct. 23, 1940, and received his basic training at Parris Island, S.C. He was later transferred to Quantico, Va., where he was stationed until he was sent overseas. Pfc. Watkins was employed in No. 5 Weave Room before Joining the Marines. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. W.A. Watkins of Erwin.
Miss Geneva McClannon entered the Cadet Nurse Corps September, 1944. Geneva is taking her training at York County Hospital in Rock Hill, S.C. Her brother Sinclair McClannon is now serving somewhere in the Pacific. He entered service in May, 1944. They are the children of Mr. and Mrs. W.S. McClannon, Spinning Room employees at Mill No. 3.
Charles Bean, S 2/C, a former Cloth Room employee, is now serving in the U.S. Navy where he enlisted in March, 1945.
Charlie Jordan spent a few days recently with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Adam Jordan. Charlie is in the Navy.
Miss Margaret Summers, Y 3/O, has been recently promoted to MA Technician and is stationed in Gainsville, Georgia, at present. Margaret is the youngest daughter of J.M. Summers, Cooleemee.
Lloyd Spillman, former Spinning Room employee, is with the Navy in the South Pacific. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. R.A. Spillman of Cooleemee.
L.G. Scott, coxswain, former Production Control employee, is serving with the Navy in the South Pacific. He has been in service almost two years.
Helen Gale Waller is the daughter of Helen P. Waller of the Protection Control office and Grier C. Waller, S 1/C, a Radar operator aboard an LSM somewhere in the Pacific. Gale will be three years old July 7th.
Lt. David E. Sigmon, a well-known Cooleemee boy, is now a Physical Training Instructor at Bainbridge, Md. Dave taught school prior to entering service but had from time to time also worked at Mill No. 3.
Pfc. Claude Beard, former Weave Room employee, has been in service three years and is now in Germany. He has been overseas 18 months.
James H. Gibson, S 2/C, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Gibson of Cooleemee, has been in service with the U.S. Navy for the past three years. At present he is stationed at Long Island, N.Y.
Cp. Foy D. Bailey, now in Germany, reports that he is getting along fine. Before entering service he was employed at Mill No. 3.
Sgt. Ernest Rice, standing, second from right, former Cloth Room employee, has been in service 2 ½ years. He is pictured with a group who had been deer hunting somewhere in Germany.
Thomas S. Brown, S 1/C, recently spent a 15-day leave with his wife and parents here. He is a former employee of No. 3 Mill at Cooleemee.
Miss Mildred Mayberry, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R.S. Mayberry, was graduated from the Nursing School at Charlotte Memorial Hospital June 1. She is a graduate of Cooleemee High School and Lees-McRae College.
Jimmie Wilson, A/S, is now taking his boot training with the U.S. Maritime Service at Sheepshead Bay, N.Y. His mother, Mrs. C.R. Wilson, is a Cloth Room employee.
T/5 Thomas White is now in Germany with a Quartermaster Track Co. Thomas was a former mill employee and entered service in 1943. In a recent letter to his parents he stated that he was fine. His mother, Mrs. Mary C. White, gave us the name of our paper.
Pvt. J.T. Sales, son of Mrs. Cosby Sales, is now somewhere in Germany. He says in a recent letter home that he thoroughly enjoys The Erwin Chatter even when reading it in a foxhole.
The following three servicemen are brothers and are sons of Mr. and Mrs. John Canupp of Cooleemee: Otis F. Canupp, S 1/C, husband of the former Iona Blalock, is now in the Pacific. He entered service in April 1944. John Henry Canupp, BM 2/C, entered service in November 1940. He is also in the Pacific. Norman (Hoot) Canupp, S 1/C, entered service September 17, 1943. He is serving aboard a destroyer in the Pacific and participated in the invasions of Iwo Jima, Saipan, Pelew and the Philippines. All three are former employees of the Spinning Room.
Pfc. Harry Monsees is now with the Army of Occupation in Germany. He is the brother of Mrs. O.C. Rambeau and is well known to everyone in Cooleemee.
Pvt. J.G. Addison and Mrs. Addison of Erwin. Private Addison recently spent a 10-day leave with his wife, the former Miss Louise Page,and with his children in Erwin. He is now stationed at Camp Gordon, George. Before entering the service, Private Addison was employed in the Carding Room at Plant No. 5. He is the son of Mrs. Bessie Addison of the Winding Department in Plant No. 2.
Pfc. Joseph L. Tyndall, former employee of No. 5 Weave Room, is serving with the Seventh Army in Germany. He entered the Army May 26, 1943, and received his basic training at Camp Van Dorn, Miss., Lebanon, Tenn., and Camp Breckinridge, Ky. He has been overseas since June of 1944. Pfc. Tyndall’s wife is the former Miss Thelma Spell of Erwin.
Pvt. Odis M. Roberts, son of Mr. and Mrs. D.P. Roberts of Erwin, is serving with the A.A.F. Service Command in Italy. He entered the service August, 1942, and has served oversees since March, 1943. Pvt. Roberts has been awarded the Driver’s Medal for “exemplary efficiency and fidelity.” He was employed in No. 2 Weave Room prior to entering the service. His father is now employed in the same department.
Sgt. J.R. Stephenson is serving in Germany with the Ninth Army. He enlisted in 1937 and received his basic training at Fort Bragg. He was sent to England in 1943 and was in the D-Day invasion of Normandy. He served with the First Army in the battle of St. Lo and was transferred to the Ninth Army in December. His wife, the former Miss Flora Watkins, is serving with the WAVES in Arlington, Va.
Sgt. Stephenson’s brother, H.M. Stephenson, GM 1/C, is serving in the Pacific. He entered the Navy December 1941 and took part in the Normandy invasion and the Okinawa invasion.
They are the sons of Mr. and Mrs. Howard Stephenson of Erwin. Their father is employed in No. 2 Weave Room. Seaman Stephenson was employed in No. 5 Weave Room before he joined the Navy.
Pft. Henry M. Ivey, son of Mr. N.A. Ivey of Dunn, has been in the Pacific war zone for the past three years. He entered the Army in November 1941. He was wounded on Bouganville Island. He is now on duty in the Philippine Islands.

Deaths Reported
Pvt. Theo F. McDaniel, former Vat Dye employee, entered service in April 1944. He was serving with the 4th Marine Division on Iwo Jima where he was killed in February, 1945.
Glenn D. Bolick, missing for some time in Belgium, has now been reported killed. Our sympathy goes out to Mamie Bolick, his sister, who is employed in Carding No. 3.

Spooling, Warping, Slashing, No. 3
We are sorry to hear of Mrs. Biddie Hendrix’s accident. She hurt her arm while wading in a branch on her farm.
We are glad to have Taylor Owens and Herbert Jacobs on the first shift in Spooling, Warping, Slashing No. 3.
Lucy Whitaker has heard from her brother who was wounded in France. He has recovered now and is back with his company.
We are glad to have Mrs. Mary White back at work after being out several months.
We are very proud of the bond sales on the first shift. We can’t let our boys down in this Seventh War Loan Drive.
Pfc. Harvey Barnes of Camp Butner recently spent a 15-day furlough at home. Miss Myrtice Miller came to work on the 28th of May very happy in spirit but said her left arm felt as if it had been sprayed. One of the girls expressed the hope that Harvey didn’t have a crick in his neck when he arrived at Butner.
Gladys Lowder asked off from May 30th to June 4th. Gladys’ excuse was housecleaning but we understand she had company. Well, all excuses don’t have to be placed on paper.
Mr. and Mrs. J.N. Parker and Mrs. Dora Parker Cooper and family of Albemarle, N.C., wish to express their thanks to the Warp Room and their many Cooleemee friends for their kind expression of sympathy through the illness and death of their mother, Mrs. M.L. Parker, who resided with Mrs. Cooper at the time of her death, May 19th.
Pvt. and Mrs. Hanaford Nichols are to be congratulated on the birth of a daughter, Kay Frances, on May 10th. Mrs. Nichols is the daughter of Mr. John C. Bron, slasher tender in the Warp Room. Thurman Bowles said that John seemed to be very nice about being a grandfather and that it was only those who did not have any children who thought John’s broad smile was a tease to them.
Mrs. Lillian Alexander received five letters from an aviation mechanic known to us as Cpl. Brady Alexander who is overseas. The letters all came at one time, and it was a joy to all who watched her read them.
Charles B. Seamon, HA 2/C, recently spent leave with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Seamon. Charles completed his boot training at Bainbridge, Md.

Spinning No. 3
We wish to welcome Mrs. Ruth Lyerly to the Spinning Room. She was transferred from the Cloth Room.
Good luck to the boys who have recently been called into service from the Spinning Room.
To all the boys “over there,” thanks for your letters. It’[s a pleasure to do business with you.
If you want a nice lunch, see Mabel Wilson. She bought a loaf of bread and brought it to the mill. You would have had a real picnic, Mable, if you had only brought some jam, too.
Our Card Room reporter, Mr. Stroud, says he smokes Lucky Strikes when he grinds cards and when he fixes cards he smokes cigars. What we want to know is what he smokes if he has to sweep—Golden Grain?
Lee Trexler, a Spinning Room reporter, needs to get himself a guide. He recently got lost in the dime store in Winston-Salem.
Mrs. Rosa Myers has entered the hospital for an operation. We wish for her the best of luck and a speedy recovery.
Will someone in Cooleemee please open up a hatchery, so Bob Athey won’t have to be bothered with hunting setting eggs for Leon Foster when he goes to Jericho to see his girl. We think Leon should give Bob plenty of fried chicken.
A.T. Trexler Jr. of the U.S. Navy is now at home with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. A.T. Trexler Sr.
We all welcome Cathleen Spry to our department and hope she will enjoy working with us.
Thomas Shoaf has taken his little daughter to Gastonia for treatments. As you know, she was severely burned several months ago.

Yard No. 3
All the men on the Outside know what it takes to keep Mr. James from throwing a fit. They just buy him a bottle of milk and then everything is fine.
Jack McCullough asked off the other day, and we all know that he went to Winston-Salem for he sent work in the next day that he was sick.
Mr. T.J. Beek has been out for several weeks recently with the rheumatism.
Boone Foster says, “If I gotta get the bees, I gotta have the honey.” Isn’t that right, Boone?
We are glad to have Frank Tatum and Cecil Berrier added to our Outside force.
Maybe Fuzzy will get to use the bulldozer after all since Henry will probably to to the Army. Won’t you be tickled, Fuzz?

Office No. 3
Captain S.A. Carnes, USAAF, visited the office in the first week in June. He reported to New York for his assignment and is now en route to Europe to be with the Occupational Troops. Mrs. Carnes and his two children, Betty and Bob, will live here in Cooleemee while he is away. The very best of luck, Sam, from all of us.
Mrs. Rosanna F. Swink was out sick one day recently but is now back on the job.
Mr. Pegram, Mill Superintendent, recently spent a week in New York.
Mrs. Clyde Young spent several days in Greensboro several weeks ago.

Bleach and Vat Dye No. 3
We are all glad to see Hayden Anderson back at work. He was recently discharged from the Army.
Wonder why Arthur Whitaker had to have glasses? Could it be that they have hired so many women in the Bleachery that his eyes suddenly went bad?
We welcome into our happy band four new members: Ralph Richard Wood, Forrest McKinley Steele, George Snider, and Carl Greene.
Mrs. Frances Freeman reports a nice trip to Raleigh last weekend.
We’re glad to report that Clarence McDaniel’s father is able to be at home after being in Charlotte Memorial Hospital for quite a while.
Ethel Mayhew’s mother is in Rowan Memorial Hospital, we are sorry to note.
Paul Whitley, brother of Mrs. Erwin Steels, has arrived home after being in Trinidad for about two years.
We are sorry to report the loss of one of our most influential members. Luck to you, Ruby!
The Minute Maidens wish to express their appreciation of the fine cooperation received during the Seventh War Loan Drive. We not that one of our members presented 19 silver dollars for his bond. Just keep up the splendid work, folks.
Roy Williams spent a few days recently in Augusta, Georgia. He reports a fine trip except for the fact that he had to sleep on the ground.
We understand that our overseers, Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Wands, are real farmers now. We haven’t heard of their outcome as yet.

Carding No. 3
Joe Jones was out sick quite a while recently due to sickness. Joe is much improved now and back on the job.
Maude Gunter is on leave due to an operation. Fellow works wish for her a speedy recovery.
Alvis Cheshire attended a Minister’s School during part of his vacation. The school was conducted by Garner-Webb College, Shelby. Alvis reports very interesting conferences.
Vance Haire recently served as pinch hitter for one of the second shift card grinders who was out to help harvest wheat.
Mary Smith was confined to her home a couple weeks with mumps. Mary says mumps are surly bad company. Quite a number of our group have never had this disease, including one overseer and office lady. Wonder who’s next?
And who is the beautiful blonde who has been attending church services with “Uncle Johnny”?
Big race early the other morning—Tom Plummer and the whistle. Our decision goes to Tom for we think he won, but it was close.
The Card Room boasts about the largest man and the smallest man in the plant, Bud Foster taking the vote for the largest and Frank Combs for the smallest. Frank says where he came from they measure men from the shoulders up. Good for you, Frank.
Most of our workers have good gardens this year. Johnny “Cook has been trying to borrow a stepladder to gather his tomatoes. Says he hates to break the vines down.
Walter Waller has moved into his recently completed new home.
Mr. John Snider, Card Room employee, has had word from his son, John A. Snider, who was previously missing in action. He is now in France and hopes to be home soon.
Our red light is still burning, but we are expecting William Pierce back soon. He has been out due to having cut off one of his fingers.
We are all glad to have had Charlie Barnhardt as a recent visitor. Charlie is in the Navy. Ask Edith if she enjoyed the plane with Charlie.
Robert Safley is back with us after being out for some time because of the serious illness of his son.
We are wondering why Clarence Hampton is always looking sleepy on Mondays.
What man in the Card Room does the cleaning and dressing of chickens for his wife? They say he’s a good hand.
Maxie Seaford and the other elevator operators are proud to have new elevators.
Ruby Nichols while being out has found a new pet. How did you like that lizard anyway, Ruby?
We have some new hands in the Card Room. Ronnie Everett was transferred from the Cloth Room, and Irene Barbee is a new employee.
Charlie Bean is champion fisherman. He caught and sold $23 worth last Saturday.

Production Control No. 3
It seems that two certain girls in Production control are having a hard time deciding on the man. We found them with their heads together writing two names on a piece of paper and crossing out the letters in each name. How did it come out girls?
We thought Liz was on a diet to reduce but we found later it was due to financial problems. We want to express our thanks to the employees of our office for donating pennies for a pork sandwich. Liz, don’t fool us next time.
The carnival has helped a couple girls appreciate good music. The son which is No. 1 on their Hit Parade is Wreck on the Highway. Hallene and Mary Alice had to stay until closing time every night. Good work, girls.
We are sorry that Gilmer Hartley is out sick. We hope he will be back to work soon.

Weaving No. 3
Once more we are working under the Green Light. We hope the red light never returns, and it will not if we do our best to defeat “old man accident.” Our efficient overseer, Mr. L.J. Davis, and his assistants have labored faithfully during the past months, and we are proud of them. Let us make them proud by being careful at all times. Carelessness aids the Japs. Safety will help defeat the Japs.
We are glad to have Jessie Graves with us again after a long rest following an operation.
Lena Matherly is back on the job after taking treatments in a Salisbury hospital.
Effie Snyider is out now and has just recently returned home from the hospital where she underwent an operation.
Pvt. Paul Barney was a recent visitor in this department. Paul is at home now recovering from wounds received in combat.
Bill Creason, BM 2/C, has returned to Florida for a two-week rest period after spending 22 days with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Wilburn Creason. He will then return to New York for reassignment.
If anyone sees an apron walking around without an owner, be sure and notify Mrs. Smith. One of her aprons walked off.
We would like to welcome Geneva Gregory and Dorcas Vogler back to work after being out for a long time.
Sgt. Sam Daniels and Pvt. Silas Daniels are both spending 30-day furloughs with their parents, Mr. and Mrs. S.D. Daniels. They are brothers of Margaret Seamon, now employed in the Weave Room.

Shipping No. 3
Lawrence Williams reports a new boy at home.
We all miss Thomas E. Clement since he left us and went to work on the morning shift. He could always keep us amused.
J.B. Duck is now paying on his sixth watch since January, but will he be satisfied?
Ed Brown if farming very hard these days. Hardly takes time to eat or sleep. J.L. Fleming isn’t doing any better. He just gets in bed and jumps right out again.

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Lee Ridge and Benjamin Montgomery Died, 1917

From the High Point Review, June 7, 1917
Life Crushed Out Against Stack of Lumber
Lee Ridge was almost instantly killed on the yards of the Tate Furniture Co. at 4 o’clock Friday morning.
Mr. Ridge was conductor on the shifter of the North Carolina Public Service Company, and the crew were at the time on the yards of the Tate Furniture Company getting some cars out. Ridge was on the front of the shifter, signaling “forward.” He was leaning to one side and his body struck large lumber pile, crushing him to death. The shifter was stopped in time to prevent further mangling of the body.
The deceased was 35 years of age and is survived by a wife and four children.
The funeral services were held from the home, 208 Centennial Avenue, Sunday at 2:30 p.m. by Dr. Sylvester Newlin of the Friends’ Church. Interment followed in Oakwood Cemetery.
Well-Known Contractor Dead
Benjamin F. Montgomery, who has been a resident of this place for a quarter of a century, died at his home, 909 South Main Street, at 4 o’clock Monday morning in his 59th year. Surviving are his wife and seven children. Messrs. J.H. and George Montgomery, brothers, also survive.
The deceased was a well-known contractor. He had been in poor health for several months and confined to his room for three weeks. The funeral services were held Tuesday afternoon at 4 o’clock from Main Street M.P. Church, conducted by Rev. A.G. Dixon, the pastor. Interment followed in Oakwood Cemetery.

Friday, June 23, 2017

Erwin Cotton Mills' Newspaper Encourages Fitness for Employees, 1945

The Erwin Chatter, monthly newspaper for the employees of Erwin Cotton Mills, June, 1945 issue. Editor in chief was H.W. Calvert; Cooleemee Editor J.W. Wall; Durham Editor Galen Elliot; Erwin Editor Whitney H. Thomas; Art staff David Stone; Central office reporters, Virginia Pickett and Zoe Young.
How Fit Are You?
The surprisingly low average of physical fitness among men and women of the nation is being publicized more and more each day as service statistics are released. Now we know something of the physical fitness of those who happened to come before the examining boards of the various branches of the armed services, and it doesn’t take much looking about us, particularly in a mirror, to realize what the state of the home front must be.
Physical fitness—that full ‘o pep feeling—that drive to ambitious endeavor to do and to succeed at whatever is undertaken—is something every industrial employee owes himself. But then if this is a job for everyone, just how much does it take to reach something of that toned up feeling and streamlined body? Not as much as most men and women think, though more for some than others. Too many shrug and say something about being tired or not being good at athletics, etc., etc. Alibis are very cheap and easy to throw around.
Mild exercise, proper posture, proper precautions in working movements are all easy and keep the body toned. Diet has something to do with this business, too. Not how much is eaten, but what. What is good for one in both quantity and choice is not necessarily good for another.
This business of being fit is a personal problem—one every employee ought to do something about. Spring and summer are great times for storing up winter vitality; so after work freshen up and loosen up. Play and recreation, not amusement and ‘wreckreation’, will make life a little more on the sunny side.
Why don’t you take an inventory of your health and recreation today? Get in the drive to be physically fit?

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Dr. Stewart Gives Wide-Ranging Address to Woman's Club, Including Discussion of Venereal Diseases, 1916

 “A General Survey of Important Matters” by Dr. H.D. Stewart, from the June 16, 1916 issue of The Monroe Journal. From Schools and Roads to Venereal Disease.
(An address delivered by Dr. H.D. Stewart before the Woman’s Club of Monroe, March 8, 1916)
Ladies of the Woman’s Club of Monroe: I am glad to have this opportunity to address you on some topics of vital concern. I observe that all those present here this afternoon are married women. Some things I shall discuss should be heard by every girl that is old enough and intelligent enough to use wisely the information to be furnished.
The Woman’s Club is the greatest body that has ever been organized in Monroe, as future events will prove. It was not meant for fun. It is not a social club. It is not a leisure club, nor a good-time club. It was organized for business, for work, and for the various features and phases of community development.
The more time one devotes to pleasure and to pastimes, the less he contributes to the real running of the world. The great secret of successful community building is co-operation. The only way we can get some people to co-operate with us is to co-operate with them. Get them started along right lines and then join them. It is much easier to lead people than it is to drive them. The human mind is naturally rebellious. We must devote ourselves unselfishly to the common welfare. We cannot operate for good through selfish eyes, with selfish hands, and selfish hearts. We cannot live unto ourselves; we must secure all our blessings through the community route. He who attempts to benefit himself by injuring others, or by injuring his community, always curses himself. This is a divine law as well as a natural consequence.
Most Men Mean Well
We must let self sink out of sight, and in its stead, breathe forth that generous spirit of service to others, which always measures one’s real value to his community. The Woman’s Club has not heretofore received the encouragement it deserves from the men as well as from the women. There are those who are disposed to class you as notoriety-seekers, suffragists, women who do not know what else to do, and various other uncomplimentary things. Pay no attention to this. The devil will always fight back at first. Corner him. Those who have done wrong never like to be told about it. Run down all public abuses and bring them to light. Then you will have public opposition. No reform was ever launched, no great progressive measures were ever carried through without great opposition. Don’t let this deter you. Be sure you are right, then go ahead. Don’t give up the ship. Most men mean well. You can explain most opposition to progress with the word ignorance written in large bold type.
The Woman’s Club of Monroe should have 300 members. Go after them. Every doctor’s wife, every preacher’s wife, every lawyer’s wife, every teacher’s wife, every business man’s wife should be a member. You can get them and use them in community building. You can do anything you try to do.
Bury the Hatchets
I deplore the fact of the lack of co-operation in this community. I am very sorry indeed that there are some women in this town who do not like some other women; that there are some members of the church—christian ladies, if you please, who will not even speak to each other. The same is true of some of the men. This is not Christ-like. I am afraid St. Peter will not know just how to admit both factions because one side is bound to be wrong. And maybe, both are in the wrong.
All hatchets should be buried on earth and not before the gates of hell.
We should never oppose a good thing because some one we do not like has proposed it. This is extreme aggravated littleness. We should not oppose another because he is in the same profession, business or occupation. Why not co-operate with him for the good of us all? A good way to become friendly and remain friendly is to work together for the common good.
We cannot benefit ourselves without first benefitting our community. Keep that in mind, will you?
Men have always first spoken lightly of women reformers and women community builders.
Men say women are great joiners. They join every club that is organized. They like to get their names in the Monroe papers, and the Charlotte papers. You need pay no attention to people who make fun. They are a necessary part of every community. The Lord made them—I reckon He did. You can explain their attitude with the words “ignorance and prejudice.”
Community building or civic welfare may be conveniently divided for discussion into seven heads (1) The home; (2) the government; (3) the church; (4) the schools; (5) the roads and streets; (6) the social life; (7) the business life.
All these are inter-dependent and no one of the seven can secure the best development and expression without all the others.
The home is the earliest form of government known to history. You can travel through any country on earth and correctly judge the true status of that country by the moral and physical and intellectual development of the homes.
Every home that can should have a music and art room, a library and reading room, a gymnasium, a domestic department, a living room and sleeping room. When a family can not have these advantages of happy community home life, the municipality should furnish them in so far as it is possible to do so.
Each home should have good music, works of art on the walls, quotations and mottoes on the walls—all of these help to make lasting impressions on the young mind in the formative period of life.
Every boy and girl at the right age and the right time should be given a room in the house, to be called his or her room. It should be kept tidy and in order and he should be encouraged to take a pride in his home.
Certain principles of character should be grounded into every child by his parents. The child should be taught that it is wrong to steal; that it is wrong and injurious to self, mother, father and all to appropriate to one’s own use that which rightfully and naturally belongs to others, whether it be riches, personal property, realty, honor, deserved credit, position or place. The child should be constantly reminded that it is not right to lie, to deceive, to disappoint, to strike one that is down, to kick one that is downward bound, to laugh at the misfortunes of others, to encourage evil tendencies.
The child should be taught to help the weak; not to impose on others, whether they be kin-folks, friends or bitter enemies.
All children should be taught to work and to produce more than they consume. Children must be made to respect age, womanhood and serious sacred things. They must be required to behave in public places; to obey and respect teachers. Every boy should raise his hat to teachers, ladies, old people and worthy individuals in high places.
Teach the boy what it is to be a gentleman and the girl what it means to be a lady.
The boy and the girl should be taught to render help to those in trouble; to lift up those who are down; to be a friend to those who are friendless and ready to give up the struggle.
The mysteries of life should be tactfully and wisely taught the boys and the girls in right manner, at the right time by the proper persons.
Children should be taught not to waste time or money—not to be sluggards or spendthrifts—
“Count that day lost,
Whose low descending sun
Views from thy hand
No worthy action done.”
The Government
The form of government will largely determine the welfare and the happiness of the people of any country. The republic is the best for humanity as a whole. Absolute monarchies, limited monarchies, oligarchies and plutocracies ae all a curse to humanity.
May the good Lord soon deliver all the people of the earth from the accursed reigns of selfish monarchs, from the greed, the lust for power, and the wicked rule of ungodly sovereigns and crooked politicians. The ideal for the municipality, the county, the state, or the nation. Politicians and grafters are the curse of our government.
The greatest evil in every city government is green-horns and grafters. The green-horn in office will waste thousands of dollars of public funds. The grafter will steal all he can. It is to the interest of every city to keep green-horns and grafters out of office. Every city in the world has its old grafters who are constantly and continually planning some way to get a stealthy hand into the public treasury. Let’s steer clear of the two g’s.
Every government must seek two things—efficiency in public service and economy in operation. The current expenses must be carefully watched. Public buying and selling must be done by an expert market man. Public utilities and public improvements must be conducted by honest, trained experts who can and will do the right thing at the right time. Every government must avoid the two g’s—green-horns and grafters, and seek the two e’s—efficiency and economy.
The Part of the Church in Community Building
May the good Lord deliver us from any community where there is no church. Our lives would not be safe. Our property would be taken by robbers. God is the only power and the church the only agency that can deliver us from the demons of greed, lust, desire, hate and envy. The church is a safeguard and a safety valve against destruction. There is always hope for the man who goes to church.
Every father should take his children to Sunday school and to preaching every Sunday in the year.
I am not much of a denominationalist. Some people let denominanationalism loom greater in their religious life than they do Christianity. The one should never be substituted for the other. All Christian denominations should work together for the common good and against the common enemy. The greatest good of denominations is competition or righteous rivalry in building up the cause of Christ on earth. It is very useful in this. The denominations spur each other to greater effort in saving humanity.
Competition is the life of trade, the life of accommodation and the life of religious work.
Schools as Community Builders
It is a horrible calamity to be devoid of useful knowledge. Our schools are right next to our homes. It is here that one must be prepared for life.
It is a sin to tamper with the destiny of a child. Teaching is a serious, solemn business. It should always be a profession rather than an occupation.
No one should be allowed to teach as a pastime or to collect spending money on which to dress or have a good time. Teachers should be required to follow the profession not less than five years. They should be required to take the best magazines on teaching as well as on science and literature. They should be paid more money and then be required to earn more. Some teachers are underpaid and some are over-paid. We need schools of pedagogy and all teachers should be required to attend them. Many teachers right here in Union county ought to be in school themselves all the year around.
We need a teachers’ library and a teacher’s reading room in every community, rural or urban.
Our own county ought to have the best educated, the best trained, the best equipped and the best qualified superintendent of education to be found anywhere in the United States even if he costs us $5,000 a year. Even at this figure he would pay 1,000 per cent in community dividends.
In Union county there are more than 700 men (mostly young men, too) and probably 1,000 women who cannot read and write. Can’t even read reading! This is a sad state of affairs. They are in prison; they are blind and cannot see.
Cannot the Woman’s Club undertake to establish special schools for these people? Nigh Schools, lectures, letters; they could be taught to read, spell, write and count.
Some of the greatest men, even some of our United States presidents, learned to read and write after they reached 21 years.
All our schools should have lectures, music and other educational advantages.
Schools and politics should be kept apart. Efficiency should be the watchword.
School boards should consider it their conscientious duty to find teachers that can fill jobs, rather than to find jobs for friends, kins-folks or members of their church.
No school can secure the best results without the intelligent, unselfish co-operation of parents and teachers.
Roads and Streets
No community can make rapid progress without good roads.
In order that farm products may have the best market value and the farmer secure the greatest profit, there must be easy access to good markets.
Good roads lower the cost of marketing, enhance the value of land, bring school communities, church communities and social life closer together.
Daily mail can be had. It is easier to keep in touch with the outside world. Distance is annulled and everybody becomes our neighbor.
Road building is the work of engineers and experts. It cannot be entrusted to green-horns. The result will always inevitably be much money wasted and still no roads.
There are too many branch line roads throughout the country and two few well constructed highways. Permanent roads should be built. All construction of paving should be permanent. It should be durable, beautiful and useful. Our city streets and pavements should be second only to our homes and yards in beauty.
The Social Life as a Community Builder
Our social life should be based on standards of purity, honesty and general upright living.
There should be no double standard. The woman who has fallen is just as good as the fallen man. She should not be rejected; she should be lifted up.
The attitude of the woman who is still standing has not been what it should be toward her fallen sister. There has been a disposition to throw them on out and to kick them on down. Many of these women are absolutely crushed until they are hardened by sin, cigarettes, whiskey and evil associations. The time to reclaim them is in the first stage. In later days they see no light; they have no hope. They feel the personality of an outcast. Many of them at times long for deliverance. No creature is too low to lift up. Any human being on earth is good enough to speak to.
I fear that some good people are too afraid of contamination.
There is a deplorable tendency of members of many churches and in many social gatherings to group themselves into classes of supposed difference of social standing. All should mingle and greet each other. Then co-operation will be easier to secure.
There are clubs and clubs. It is hard to “keep up with Liz.” I have known women to organize a new club just to get to leave out or to slight some one they didn’t like or wanted to get rid of.
I am now going to talk to you briefly on “The Social Diseases.”
It is said that almost 75 per cent of the married women that go to hospitals for treatment or for operations have to go because they have been infected by their husbands with gonorrhea. The conditions are alarming.
A young fellow infected with gonorrhea, against the advice or over the protest of his physician, married a young lady of the community. She may be your daughter, your sister or mine. She is the picture of health. She is ignorant. She little suspects that the fellow who professes to love her and promises to keep her in sickness and in health is about to ruin her for life.
It is my opinion that the doctor or the family physician should call a halt right here.
Many women have been killed by their husbands.
It is said that as high as 25 to 60 per cent of blind people (of whom there are half a million in the United States) were rendered blind by gonorrhea of the eyes when they were new-born babes. The husband infected the wife and mother and the baby’s eyes. The doctor failed to cure or prevent.
Then these blind people marry and 60 per cent of their children are born with hereditary blindness.
Syphilis is a Great Black Plague
It has many obscure manifestations. It causes aneurism, paralysis, baldness, insanity, dementia and mental defects in the children and many other evil effects. A friend of mine has just told me about the case of a noble young woman that married a syphilitic. He was rich and belonged to a prominent family in a Southern city. She married him for wealth and family name and social position. He infected her with syphilis. Within two years she died a terrible death.
You would be astonished to know the truth about some social tragedies that have been enacted right here in Monroe.
It is alarming how many people have syphilis. It is claimed that 75 per cent of the negroes and many white people have it.
I am candidly of the opinion that marriage should be denied to the confirmed, uncured syphilitic, to the chronic gonorrheaic, to the epileptic, to the habitual drunkard, to the mental defective, to the insane; to anybody with any incurable disease of mind, body or moral nature.
The right to marry should be denied to pseudomaniacs, nymphomaniacs, kleptomaniacs, pyromaniacs, monomaniacs and to just everyday ordinary Union county or North Carolina Anglo-Saxon maniacs.
The application for a marriage license should be required to furnish the Register of Deeds a certificate of health and fitness from three reputable physicians. One physician would not do because there are some who would swear to a lie for $10, but you could scarcely find three such culpable medical men at our county seat.
The Business Life in Community Building
In order that any community or any municipality may develop rapidly and marked progress be had the business men must co-operate. They are the ones who control the finances. They must work together to secure railroads, manufacturing enterprises and the best class of settlers.
We need more educated people in Monroe and Union county. The standard of intelligence is too low. The intelligence of the average citizen is too low.
Our business men can build up our community where others might fail.
We don’t have enough educated farmers. Isn’t it a pity that every educated man has to go to the city—to become a “professor” or a lawyer or something else?
It is necessary for the individuals of every community to give attention to the business of making a living. Occupation, vocation, earning capacity, living expenses, book-keeping should be taught to children.
There are two vital ideas that must forever hold each other in restraint.

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

What Editor Thinks Rutherfordton Needs, 1926

The Polk County News, Tryon, N.C., “Published Every Week in the Mountain Paradise,” Thursday afternoon, June 17, 1926. At the top of the banner: Tryon Has a Year Round Climate Equal to the Riviera.
Editor Recommends County Co-Operation
Asheville, N.C., June 16—That closer co-operation between contiguous communities, especially closer relationship of activities in all the cities and towns of each county, will yield splendid results in the upbuilding of any section, is the opinion of R.E. Price, president of the News Publishing Company, Rutherfordton, N.C. In a ringing editorial recently he said:
“There are many things which Rutherfordton needs. The main thing we need is closer co-operation, especially on the part of our wealthier citizens. We are at the eastern gateway to Lake Lure, in the Land of the Sky, which is attracting thousands of visitors. Due to our location, we are bound to grow rapidly, if we will do our part. We have the climate, pure water, pure Anglo-Saxon stock, and other things necessary for a great and growing community. Nature has been most liberal with us.
“Rutherfordton needs more industries. She needs a modern 100-room hotel. She needs to advertise more than she is doing. She is in great need of a Chamber of Commerce with a paid secretary to work for the community. Marion and Shelby recently organized a Chamber of Commerce. Hendersonville, Black Mountain, Hickory and other nearby towns and cities have live Chambers of Commerce and are getting good results. Morganton is organizing, and Chimney Rock will soon have one.”

Planning for the State Fair, 1917

Planning for State Fair, 1917
Raleigh—R.O. Everett, president of the North Carolina Agricultural Society, has appointed the executive committee of the society of 1917. The president, vice president, secretary and treasurer of the society are ex-officio members of the executive committee.
Officers and executive committeemen are:
President, R.O. Everett, Durham.
Permanent vice president, Kemp P. Battle, Chapel Hill, J.S.Carr, Durham, R.W. Cox, Penelo, and Benehan Cameron, Raleigh.
Ex-presidents of the Society—J.S. Cunningham, Durham; E.L. Daughtridge, Rocky Mount; J.H. Currie, Fayetteville; J.A. Mills, Raleigh; E.J. Parrish, Durham; and Leonard Tufts, Pinehurst.
District vice presidents, J.M. Forehand, Tyner; C.W. Mitchell, Aulander; J.M. Mitchell, Goldsboro; J. Bailey Owen, Henderson; L. Bank Holt, Graham; Thomas McBryde, Raeford; H.B. Varner, Lexington; Thomas D. Brown, Salisbury; S.B. Alexander, Charlotte; and B.P. Howell, Waynesville.

Sunday, June 18, 2017

Byrd, Lucas, Cramer, Hellard Write to Erwin Chatter Newspaper, 1945

The Erwin Chatter, monthly newspaper for the employees of Erwin Mills, June, 1945 issue. The company sent newspapers to former employees and relatives of employees who are in the service. Here are letters from servicemen who have been receiving the newspaper.
V-Mail Dividend
In the Pacific
Dear Sir:
I have just received my latest copy of the paper. Although I have been receiving it right along, I have just found time to write you and thank you. I do appreciate the paper and find it very handy in helping me to remember old friends.
Sir, I think that the people of Cooleemee, Durham, and Erwin are doing a wonderful job on the home front. I want to express my deepest appreciation to all of them. Out here I’ve noticed that quite a bit of our “uncle’s” supplies are of Erwin quality, which means they are the best.
Time and space are both limited out here, so until next time
Sincerely Yours, Willie E. Byrd
Somewhere in Germany
Dear Sir:
I just received The Erwin Chatter. It is great to hear that everything is going fine back home. I thoroughly enjoyed this copy just received and hope that I shall receive one each month.
Most of the people back there have forgotten me, I guess. I am one of the boys that left Erwin in 1942. I am now somewhere in Germany with the Sixth Armored Division.
Keep up the good work back there. We over here know that the Erwin Family are doing their part and won’t let down until this whole war is over. They won’t let us down.
Pfc. Hubert Lucas
Dear Sir:
Just a few days ago I received a copy of The Erwin Chatter. I want to thank you for your thoughtfulness in sending me a paper. I am hoping that you will continue to keep a copy coming my way.
Although my home is not in Erwin now, I stayed in the town for a number of years and I knew just about the majority of people there. It is nice to read in the paper about my friends and where they are now.
Just remember that I have not forgotten Erwin and I never will. I hope it won’t be long before maybe I will see the town again.
Pfc. R.L. Cramer
Northern Italy
Dear Editor:
I received the March edition of The Erwin Chatter and was indeed pleased to get it. Each month since the paper was first published, I’ve received a copy and look forward to the time each month that I will get another.
Sending the paper to the boys so far from home, to me, is one of the many things the people back home are doing to help the morale of the G.I. I think that the people of Cooleemee, along with everyone else is doing a wonderful job toward the war effort. If they will but continue to do so, I’m sure it will help as we try to do our best to bring about a speedy victory at any an early date.
Keep up the good work and don’t let us down.
Pfc. J.D. Hellard
The paper printed a photo of Hellard with the following caption:

Pfc J.D. Hellard, a former Weave Room employee, is now in Italy with the Fifth Army. J.D. recently received the Infantryman’s Combat Badge. He has been in service since April, 1944, and is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Hellard of Cooleemee.

Because of War, North Carolina Baseball League Disbands, 1917

From the High Point Review, June 7, 1917
Charlotte—The expected has happened. With the announcement that the Winston-Salem club will not finish its schedule, the North Carolina League closed its 1917 season. The directors met at once to wind up the affairs of the league.
When Raleigh and Asheville dropped out about two weeks ago, it was then thought that the other four clubs would never finish the season. Lack of attendance on account of war conditions was noticeable throughout the league, and for several days it has been a question of just a few more games. The Twins and Hornets have been losing money every day. So has Durham. Greensboro, with a winning club and the heavy sale of season tickets, had enough cash to continue the season.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

Secretary of State Hoover Praises Happy North Carolina; Predicts Bright Future, 1926

The Polk County News, Tryon, N.C., “Published Every Week in the Mountain Paradise,” Thursday afternoon, June 17, 1926.
Cabinet Officer Passes Through Raleigh on Way to Georgia
Raleigh, N.C., June 15—Secretary of Commerce Hoover believes that North Carolina has made great progress in the last 20 years and that this progress is a forerunner of what the entire South will show in the next few years. He also is of the opinion that business conditions in the country are good. As for the revelations of expenditures in the recent campaign in Pennsylvania, Mr. Hoover is not discussing them, he smilingly said.
The cabinet officer passed through Raleigh this afternoon bound for Georgia where he is to deliver the commencement address tomorrow at the University of Georgia.
“Business conditions, I think, are good throughout the country,” said Mr. Hoover. “We have no outstanding unemployment problems and that is a fairly good criterion by which to judge.
“You have a happy state here. North Carolina has made great progress in the last 20 years. I believe this progress is but a forerunner of what is coming to the entire South in the next few years.”

Friday, June 16, 2017

Social News from Monroe, N.C., June 16, 1916

“Local and Personal Social News,” from the June 16, 1916 issue of The Monroe Journal.
The Study Club was delightfully entertained Tuesday morning by Mrs. T.T. Capehart, Mrs. Boger being in charge of the program. Four chapters of The Ways of the Planets were reviewed and interesting sketches of Venus and Mars given. Two of Longfellow’s poems, Sandalphon and the Light of the Stars, were read and current events given by each member. Mrs. R.H. Pharr of Clinton, S.C., was an invited guest. The hostess served refreshments in two courses.
Miss Bertha Lee of Parrott, Ga., is visiting Mrs. L.M. White. Friday morning Mrs. White gave a sewing party in honor of her guest, and Saturday morning a recital. Those who took part in the recital were Mesdames V.D. Sikes, E.S. Green, L.M. White, Misses Bertha Lee and Hallie Neal. A number of friends enjoyed Mrs. White’s hospitality. Delicious refreshments were served.
Mrs. R.L. Payne entertained at rook Thursday morning in honor of Miss Lee. Sweet peas and nasturtiums were used for decorations. Misses Ruth Russel and Claudia Sanders served sandwiches, iced tea, cream, cake and candy.
Miss Lee was again the honoree at a sewing party given Wednesday afternoon by Mrs. H.E. Copple and Miss Beulah Copple. After a pleasant hour spent in sewing and chatting, a guessing contest was thoroughly enjoyed. Mesdames L.M. White, E.S. Green and Misses Bertha Lee and Kate Copple rendered musical selections. Out of town guests were Mesdames George F. Rutzler Jr. of Charlotte, Virginia Trammell of Henrietta and Earnest Shell of Georgetown, Texas. Mrs. J.B. Copple and Miss Kate Copple served punch and also assisted the hostesses in serving a salad course.
The Weaver Philathea Class held a delightful meeting Tuesday night with Miss Hobeika at her home on South Hayne street. There was a larger number present than at any previous meeting and all expressed themselves as being well pleased with the success of the meeting. Miss Annie Redwine, president of the class, presided, and it was decided to have an ice cream supper Friday night on the court house lawn. The class is very enthusiastic over the prospect of having a Sunday school room in the near future and are saving their funds for this purpose. The hostess served block cream, cake and candy.
Miss Margaret De Woody of Pine Bluff, Ark., is the guest of Mrs. Horace Neal.
Miss Octavia Houston is visiting friends in Sharon, Penn.
Miss Mabel Lane is visiting in Lawndale.
Miss Mary Beade of Wilmington is visiting Mrs. J.J. Parker.
Mrs. Ernest Shell of Georgetown, Tex., is visiting Mrs. N.M. Redfearn.
Mrs. E.M. Griffin, little Miss Katherine Kyle Redfearn and Mrs. Isabelle Moody left yesterday for Connelly Springs to spend some time.
Mrs. W.J. Rudge and Mrs. J.T. Griffith will leave the first of the week for Rocky River Springs.
Misses Daisy and Mabel Worley left today for a two weeks visit in Hamlet.
Miss Louise Stevens of Charlotte is visiting Miss Martha Adams.
Mrs. Frank Welsh is visiting relatives in Abbeville.
Mrs. Charles Iceman is visiting relatives in McColl, S.C.
Miss Christine Marsh is visiting friends in Charlotte.
Misses Jessie and Claudia Brown are visiting relatives in Kinston.
Miss Laura Rogers is visiting her sister, Mrs. Cyrus Smith, in Elberton, Ga.
Mrs. Eugene Ashcraft and children are visiting relatives in Randolph county.
Mr. F.M. Morgan and family are visiting relatives in Florence and Marion, S.C.
Miss Mabel Simpson of Clinton, S.C., is visiting her brother, Mr. J.B. Simpson.
Mrs. H.M. Eubanks of Laurinburg is spending a few days with her mother, Mrs. J.F. Doster.
Miss Lura Heath has returned from the Boston School of Domestic Science.
Mrs. J.F. Caudle of Union, S.C., is visiting her sister, Mrs. E.J. McLellan.
Mr. D.J. Melton of Buford township left Monday night for Raleigh to take a position with the Carolina Light & Power Co.
Mrs. R.F. Knight and son, Master Cecil, are visiting Mrs. Knight’s mother in Tradesville, S.C.
Mr. and Mrs. George Stevens are spending a month in Norfolk with Mrs. Stevens’ brother.
Mr. Sam Doolin brought a cotton stalk from his farm in Vance township yesterday that was a foot high.
Mrs. Sudie Howie-Matthews had made extension repairs on her boarding house on Main street.
Mr. Pratt McNeeley, son of Mr. W.R. McNeeley, has a position with The Enquirer.
Bertha Johnson, colored, appeared in the Recorder’s court Tuesday morning, charged with slapping a little negro girl. She was taxed with the costs.
Dr. G.A. Roberts, head of the Department of Veterinary Science in the A. & M. College at Raleigh, is here visiting his friend, Dr. Watt Ashcraft. They are making a study of dairy cattle diseases.
Mr. S.B. Bundy Jr. left Wednesday night for Albany, N.Y., where he will spend some time in erecting some harvesting machinery. He will go from there to the southwestern part of the country.
The date for the Masonic rally and the dinner to be served by the ladies of the Order Eastern Star has been changed from June 24th to July 4th. This change was made on account of the dates being so near together. Arrangements have been made between the committees of the celebration and rally that one program will not interfere with the other. The rally program will begin when the celebration program ends. The dinner will be spread on the lot made vacant by the removal of the Colonial Inn (or the Flow old homestead).
Children’s exercises will be held at Pleasant Grove Sunday at 10:30.
Mr. Joe Stephenson of Rockingham was a visitor here Wednesday.
Mr. R.A. Morrow is in Asheville attending the State Bankers’ convention.
Mrs. J.D. McRae and daughter, Mrs. Albert Miller, are visiting friends and relatives in Atlanta.
The ice cream supper which is announced to be held at Weddington has been postponed.
Mr. Leslie Futch has arrived from West Point and will spend the summer at home on furlough.
Elder Henry Taylor will preach at William’s Grove on Benton Hill, Sunday afternoon at 3 o’clock, with song service before.
Miss Lillian Cuthbertson has returned from Wendell, N.C., where she has been teaching. The people were so well pleased with her work that they re-elected her for next year.
The pastor of Central Methodist church will preach next Sunday night on Monroe and Union County. The Woman’s Club and the public are invited.
Mr. Walter H. Griffin of charlotte and Miss Beuna V. Thomas of Peach land were married Wednesday afternoon by Rev. A.C. Davis at his residence at Olive Branch.
Mr. Sylvester Shute, brother of the late John Shute, died at his home near Corrollton, Miss., Sunday evening, June 4. He was 88 years old and was born in this county.
The Weaver Philathea class of Central M.E. Church will sell ice cream tonight on court house square for the benefit of the class. Come help the good cause. If rain prevents, a later date will be announced. Watch for it.
Mr. John Lathan, who went on an automobile trip with Dr. Crane, returned last night, leaving the party at Charlotte. They spend three days in New York city and found the weather so cold they were about to freeze. They went as far as Niagara.
The organ recital given at the Baptist church on last Tuesday evening was a great success. The church is to be congratulated upon procuring an instrument of such tone and strength. A large and appreciative audience was present to hear the splendid program arranged by Mrs. White she was assisted by Miss Hallie Neal, Mrs. E.S. Greene, Mrs. G.F. Rutzler Jr., and Miss Bertha Lee. These ladies rendered the songs with beautiful expression and interpretation. Mrs. White’s mastery of the organ was wonderful. The ease and facility and expression of her playing were a revelation to the audience. Her playing of every number was very artistic. Monroe is to be congratulated upon having such an artist in her midst. We are sure that all the numbers were greatly enjoyed, but if we were to choose any as being better than another, we would say that we never heard “The Shepherd’s Song of Hope” and “Nocturn in E Flat” played better by any one. But we should not be partial to any one or two selections, because Mrs. White’s playing of every one of the numbers was wonderful.

Thursday, June 15, 2017

Miner Home From the Far West Claims There's Gold, Silver, Copper in Western North Carolina, 1926

The Polk County News, Tryon, N.C., “Published Every Week in the Mountain Paradise,” Thursday afternoon, June 17, 1926. At the top of the banner: Tryon Has a Year Round Climate Equal to the Riviera.
Precious Metals in Our Hills…Veteran Miner Sees Rich Future for Western North Carolina
Chimney Rock, N.C., June 16—It is a generally admitted fact that Western North Carolina is rich in natural resources, such as water power and forest products, but few people know of the wealth in gold, silver and copper ore which abound in rich veins running on or near the surface of the mountains in certain sections of Buncombe, Rutherford, Yancey, Madison and McDowell counties, as does Andrew T. Guthrie, veteran miner, who recently has been prospecting in this section.
Mr. Guthrie, who is now making headquarters in Asheville, a few days ago returned from a prospecting expedition which took him into parts of five counties. He brought back numerous samples of ore which he declares are absolute proof that this section is amazingly rich in precious metals.
North Carolina papers some time ago stated that Mr. Guthrie was born in Buncombe County in 1853, leaving his native state in early manhood for the far west. He spent 47 years mining and prospecting in different localities from the Mexican border up to the Canadian boundary line. Mr. Guthrie states that he returned to this section about six months ago intending to stay only a short time, but finding that his native state offers better prospects for gold and silver than he found in most places during his prospecting of nearly half a century in the far west, the veteran digger is very enthusiastic in his recent finds, so much so that he goes out day after day, paying his own expenses, backed up only by his firm belief in the mineral wealth of this section, and usually brings back with him real specimens as proof of his statements.
“I don’t ask anybody to make my word for a thing I say,” said Mr. Guthrie. “Right here’s the stuff to prove it,” pointing to numerous specimens of ore that lay on the table before him. Some of these were obtained from the Rees Creek section, and Mr. Guthrie states that $40,000 a ton is a conservative estimate of its possible yield of silver.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Coping With Food Shortage Caused by War, 1917

“Food Emergency Problem for All,” from the High Point Review, June 7, 1917
Raleigh—John Paul Lucas, executive secretary of the North Carolina Food Conservation Commission, in reviewing the food situation in this state gave out a lot of good advice in his suggestions of ways every person can help improve the food situation.
Mr. Lucas wrote as follows:
Too many of our people are regarding the food emergency, which is really just in its incipiency, as a problem for the farmer, the trucker, their neighbor or someone else more or less remote from themselves. There is something of the spirit of “Let George do it.” Fortunately, this spirit has been rapidly disappearing and it is not too much to hope that all the people of North Carolina will quickly realize that, while the farmers’ responsibility and opportunity are greatest possibly, each person has an individual duty and responsibility.
A large number of people who realize their individual responsibility have asked themselves and others, “What can I do?” In answer to this question and for the information of others who may have given the matter no thought I am giving below a list of recommendations that are being made to farmer, housewife, gardener and citizen generally. I can think of no one in any position or condition to whom some of these suggestions are not applicable. Here they are:
Cultivate and fertilize every available foot of tillable land that you can possibly take care of. Cultivate more carefully and fertilize more heavily than under normal circumstances.
Put stubble land in corn, soy beans, peas, potatoes, or sorghum as soon as the grain is off. Here lies one of our greatest opportunities for increasing the acreage of food and feed crops.
Where there is a poor stand of cotton, replant with soy beans or peas. Also plant these crops in corn.
Save all the clover and vetch seed possible. Both are going to be unusually scarce and high priced. Vetch can e threshed with oats or by themselves. If you don’t know how to harvest clover seed, write the U.S. Department of Agriculture for Farmers’ Bulletin No. 656.
Breed all sows and gilts for fall pigs and be sure to raise sufficient feed for them—in the form of pastures principally. Raise meat not only for your own demands but for the market. Prices are sky-high.
Raise all the chickens you can, whether you live in the country or in town. Shut up the cocks and cockerels and preserve your surplus eggs in water glass solution.
Raise and eat all the fresh vegetables you can and can all the surplus you can’t eat. See that every glass jar is filled with vegetables and fruits and if you still have surplus, buy more jars and cans.
Don’t throw away scraps of meat and fat. Use meat in soup, hash, croquets, and fats for frying and shortening.
Cook potatoes in the peel. Tests have shown that 20 per cent is lost when potatoes are peeled before cooking.
Don’t waste bits of bread. Use them in puddings or in dressings for meat.
Don’t despise skim milk and buttermilk. They have a high food value and are generally cheap. Use them largely, especially for children.
See that all labor as well as foodstuffs is properly used. The farmers are handicapped for lack of labor. The people of town and city must see that available labor of men and boys is offered to the farmers. This service is just as patriotic and effective as that of the boys who don their uniforms and shoulder their rifles.

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Walter Bickett Thanks Dear Old Union County, 1916

“Card From Hon. T.W. Bickett,” from the Friday, June 16, 1916 issue of The Monroe Journal—“The Union County Paper—Everybody Reads It”
To the folks at home: In the Bickett column “Sweet Union” leads all the rest. In royal fashion she stood by her native son, and that son can never forget the tribute of love for him and his people—most of whom have passed over the Great Divide. God bless dear old Union! May she prosper in basket and store, and may her hard-working, debt-paying, God-fearing citizenship continue to be an asset and an inspiration to the State.
                --Walter Bickett

Eight-Year-Old Dick White Catches 3-Foot Shark at Murrell's Inlet, 1926

The Polk County News, Tryon, N.C., “Published Every Week in the Mountain Paradise,” Thursday afternoon, June 17, 1926. At the top of the banner: Tryon Has a Year Round Climate Equal to the Riviera.
Rock Hill Youth Gets Three-Foot Shark on Coast
Rock Hill, S.C.—Fishermen in this vicinity will put the soft pedal on their tales of prowess when they learn of the achievement of a youthful disciple of the redoubtable Ike Walton, Dick White, 8-year-old son of Mrs. Eva Moore White of Oakland Avenue, who has added to his list of achievements the landing of a three-foot shark.
The “catch” was made at Murrell’s Inlet, where the lad with his mother and other relatives have been spending several days. On Thursday the boys went out in a small boat with an old colored fisherman as guide and chaperone. When the “bite” came it took the combined efforts of the group to haul in the surprising catch. The shark belonged to the shovel-horse breed.

Monday, June 12, 2017

Support School Superintendent, Praise Maude McCullough, Support Local Hospital, 1925

From the editorial page of The Carolina Mountaineer, Waynesville, N.C., June 4, 1925; Wm. A. Band, editor-owner.

The Carolina Mountaineer is firmly backing up the new superintendent of schools of Haywood County. We consider that Mr. Allen’s exceedingly well qualified for the office he now has. His life work has been for the cause of education. He is earnestly working to build up the school system of this great county and if he is given the proper cooperation we believe he will succeed in giving this county the greatest, most progressive and enduring school system that will make it the finest in America.

Petty bickering, lack of co-operation, personalities, and dissention among the members of our school officials can only lead to chaos.

For the sake of Haywood County’s greatest asset—our children—back up our superintendent and give the future leaders of our state and nation a fighting chance by an education. We cannot be too extravagant for the great cause of education.

Honor to Whom Honor Is Due, Miss Maude McCullough

In November, 1923, the County Board of Education secured the services of a woman to fill a three-fold job in the office of County Superintendent. She was to be stenographer, bookkeeper and filing clerk.

The increase in the number of schools in the county, in the necessity and importance of keeping records and statistics as authorized by the State Department of Public Instruction and likewise, the increased demand upon the superintendent’s time for inspecting and directing the schools in other words, the tremendous growth in the educational system made it impossible then, as it is even more so now, for the county superintendent to intelligently look after the schools and keep up his office work. To conduct the latter work, with the superintendent absent a greater part of the time from the office, returned not only a person of sound business experience and ideas, but one of expert ability as an accountant and bookkeeper. Another feature of additional responsibility was that just at this time the State Department was making new requirements of this county office. The correct initiation of these meant economy and efficiency for the future, provided those in control of school administration Haywood County chose to disregard partisan and other political considerations and direct our schools along the lines of service.

As things have turned out the County Board of Education at that time must have been especially inspired, when they chose Miss Maude McCullough to fill the job. She has proven herself to be a perfect dynamo of efficiency in the manner in which she has conducted the office since assuming charge. All requirements made by the State Department have been met in the systems used. Mr. Frank Edmundson, Director of the state of a uniform system of bookkeeping for all counties, stated after inspecting her books that they were the best kept in North Carolina.

There were no tangles in her records to be unraveled. And yet for this expert service Haywood County has had to pay only $1,800 a year. A bargain and economy at that. Miss McCullough has not only given the highest type of service to her position, but through her vision and enthusiasm has given inspiration in education in our county.

Benefit Picture for Haywood County Hospital

In courtesy to the Waynesville Civic League, Capt. Edwards will give the wonderful picture Scaramouche at the Waynewood Theatre Friday, June 5th, as a benefit for the Haywood County Hospital. Those who have not seen this high price picture will have an opportunity to see it as the popular price of 30 cents. The leading parts are taken by Alice Terry and Ramon Novarro, and their characterization of the persons they represent is superb.

Everyone will co-operate and make this occasion a huge success for our worthy hospital that means so much to the county.