Saturday, June 10, 2017

4-H Congress, Agricultural Labor Shortage, Soybeans, New Cheese Factory, 1917

From the High Point Review, June 7, 1917. Agriculture club work became 4-H clubs in North Carolina, and A. and E. College is now North Carolina State University. The Extension Division and the Office of Farm Management are part of the University.

Raleigh—Fully 500 members of the boys’ agricultural clubs of the state are expected here for the boys’ and girls’ short course in agriculture to be given at the A. and E. College from august 21 to 24.

Plans are under way by the office of agriculture club work to make one of the most determined efforts yet made by the Extension Service to instruct, entertain and inspire the youthful farmers who will attend this meeting.

Last August over 350 members of the agricultural clubs visited the college for the short course, and it is estimated that over 500 will be on hand this year. A special effort will be made to show the importance of food and feed production to the ones who will come, and the course of instruction will be along these lines. The only charge will be the cost of the three meals for the four days and the reduced transportation charges. Rooms will be furnished free by the college.

The Corn Club enrollment is continuing to grow says A.K. Robertson, corn club agent. The county agents over the state are responding almost daily with additional names of young boys who desire to assit in the production of more food crops. Recently, County Agent Morris of Granville County sent in 14 names for the corn club, bringing the county enrollment up to about 60. This is a gratifying showing as this county is one that is devoted almost entirely to tobacco production.

Caswell County is another where tobacco is the main crop, yet it also has a splendid enrollment of 70 members growing corn, peas and beans.

County Agent Graeber of Mecklenburg and Proffitt of Rutherford both have good enrollments and write that the members are all hard at work and that the prospect for their crops are fine.

Stanly County continues to lead in the corn club work, with a total enrollment of 196 boys and as many acres of corn. In this county, Mr. S.J. Lewis is getting good results with his boys, as well as with his adult cooperators.

Mr. J.E. Moses of the Pig Club work has just received a letter from one of his enthusiastic pig club members telling of the profits of pig raising. “I have sold two more pigs for $7 apiece, which is $14, and the same man brought a sow here to be served,” says the boy, David Worth, who lives in Wake County. “The fee was $2.50 and $1 for feed. When all put together it will be $18 more in the bank. Don’t tell me that there isn’t any money in the hog business because I know there is.”

Solving State Labor Problem

The county demonstration agents in North Carolina will be used for the purpose of bringing the farmer and the laborer together and solving the serious labor situation which confronts the state. The clearing house for all such information will be the office of farm management of the Agricultural Extension Service at West Raleigh.

The North Carolina State Food Conservation Commission in co-operation with the State Agricultural Extension Service, has arranged for the farm demonstration agents in their respective counties to ascertain from farmers their need for additional labor in producing food and other crops. Also for recording labor available for such purposes, and to bring farmer and laborer together.

If the farmer wants extra help, he should communicate the fact to the demonstration agents with a statement as to the length of time the help is wanted, the purpose for which it is to be used, and the wages he is willing to or expects to pay. Parties desiring work on farms should notify the demonstration agent stating when they will be ready to begin work, what kind of work they can do, for how long a period they wish employment, and what wages they expect.

In counties having demonstration agents, requests for labor needed and for work or employment wanted should be sent directly to the Office of Farm Management, West Raleigh, from where the effort will be made to put the farmer and prospective laborer in touch.

By taking up this work neither the demonstration agents in the respective counties nor the state farm management man guarantees to get labor for the farmer nor employment for the laborer, but they do agree to use their best efforts in these lines.

Soy Beans Good as Steak

Mr. C.B. Williams, chief of the division of agronomy, states that there is a great increase this year in acreage devoted to soy beans in North Carolina. This is as it should be, and our people should see to it that some of these beans are saved at the end of the season for food purposes.

Soy beans are much richer in protein than lima beans or sirloin steak. In fact they contain practically double the amount of protein, and the same soy beans contain about the same amount of fat or oil that is contained in a sirloin steak and more than 10 times the amount of oil in lima beans. Dr. W.A. Evans, president of the American Public Health Association, has stated that for men who are engaged in hard manual labor, where they burn up a lot of their tissues in the effort, will find soy beans as suitable as steak as a fuel.

To prepare this nutritious food, soak the beans in a 10 per cent common salt solution over night. Then drain off the salt water and roast the beans in an oven or a peanut roaster. Exercise great care that the beans are not scorched, as this would impart a bitter taste to the beans. Remove when the cotyledons begin to turn brown. For other recipes, write to C.B. Williams, Extension Division, A.& E., Raleigh, N.C.

New Cheese Factory

Despite the fact that the factories are paying nearly twice as much this year for the milk as they did last, cheese factories are apparently thriving in Western North Carolina, a charter having been granted by the Secretary of State to the Silver Stone Co-Operative Cheese Factory at Vilas in Watauga County.

Last year the factories in Watauga County paid a flat rate of 10 cents per gallon for whole milk used in the manufacture of full cream cheese. This season they are paying 20 cents per gallon for milk.

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