Sunday, June 30, 2019

Advice to Negroes Applies to All Races, From Front Page of Watauga Democrat, Boone, N.C., June 26, 1919

From the North Carolina Christian Advocate, as reprinted on the front page of the Watauga Democrat, Boone, N.C., June 26, 1919

The Negro’s Part in World Reconstruction

A colored soldier just returned from France, writing in a journal for the colored race, exhorts his people to well their part in reconstructing the world after the great war, not by aspiring to official position, but by excelling in every task while duty calls them to do. He says “the way the negro may best promote reconstruction is to make himself the best bootblack, the best bell boy, the best cook, the best farmer, the best mechanic.”

That statement is packed full of wisdom and if accepted and put into practice by men of all races would solve all the problems that humanity has to meet. It is a sad fact that men, generally, are content to perform their tasks in half-hearted fashion, to give the work a lick and a promise, to leave conscience out of it; but all men should strive to excel, to do the best in order not only that they may earn the more in coin, but also the satisfaction in mind and conscience which comes into the life that has laid itself out to do the best. God is never satisfied with anything less than the best from any man, and the man who fears God will be unsatisfied unless he does his best. The exhortation of the colored soldier should quicken the conscience of every man who reads it and lift the standard of service rendered to the high standard of Christian morality. A converted servant girl once asked how religion had benefitted her, replied: “It makes me sweep under the mats.” Genuine conversion makes us so honest that we want to treat our neighbor as we want him to treat us.
--North Carolina Christian Advocate

Short News Articles From Front Page of Hickory Daily Record, June 30, 1919

From the Hickory Daily Record, June 30, 1919

A Large Cabbage

Probably the largest head of cabbage ever grown in this section was raised by Mr. Julius Whisnant in his garden in Longview and was on display today at Whitener & Martin’s. The head weighed 17 ½ pounds with all leave son it, and after being trimmed to the “white,” weighed 14 pounds. Mr. Whitener was a fine trucker before he moved to town; he is now showing gardeners how to grow things.

To Visit Parents

Mr. J.R. Price, son of Rev. and Mrs. J.P. Price of Hickory Route 4, arrived on Number 21 yesterday for a 10-days furlough from the marines at Quantico, Va. Mr. Price recently won in a shooting match at Quantico and will go to Caldwell, N.J., in August to take part in a national shooting match in the marines against the army and navy.

Happy Birthday Dinner

Rev. and Mrs. J.P. Price of Hickory Route 4 were given a birthday dinner Sunday by their children, the occasion being the birthday of Mr. Price. Those attending were Mr. and Mrs. W.E. Kuhn and children of Hickory, Mr. and Mrs. W.A. Poovey and children and Mr. and Mrs. C.C. Poovey and children of Granite Falls, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Price and Mr. Ben Montgomery and daughters of Taylorsville. A picnic dinner was spread on the lawn and consisted of everything that goes to make up a real picnic dinner. Later in the afternoon ice cream and cake was served.

Isaac Van Horn Died

Mr. Isaac Van Horn died at his home in Brookford this morning at the age of 59 years. He was a good citizen. The funeral will be held Tuesday morning at 11 o’clock at St. Johns church, Burke county.

Earl Whitener Died

Earl Whitener, year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. John Whitener, who lived in the South Fork settlement, died about midnight Saturday following a short illness, and the funeral was held at Zion church yesterday.

Saturday, June 29, 2019

Mrs. Witmer Explains Why She Thinks Women Should Be Allowed to Vote, June 20, 1919

Statue of Frances Willard given to the National Statuary Hall Collection by Illinois in 1905. Photo courtesy of Architect of the Capitol.

From the Brevard News, Friday, June 20, 1919

Mrs. Witmer on Suffrage

Dear Mr. Editor:

I wonder if you would be kind enough to publish a few thoughts which have come to me as a result of an incident which occurred a few days ago. The writer was standing in one of the stores when the news of the passage of the Senate of the Susan B. Anthony bill was announced. A bystander, of the male gender, in an agitated manner said, “I suppose that is Wilson’s doings! I want to tell you I wouldn’t vote for him for constable!” He went further—he said if he married a wife and she went to the polls to cast a vote he would leave her and wound up his dissertation by threatening to leave the country should woman suffrage really come to pass. Right here let me warn this young man, should he ever be forced to carry out his threat, to be care at what port he lands, for even benighted China has granted the right of franchise to her women.

The reasons given by said young man for his opposition to woman suffrage were 1st. That Home was the place for her, the place for woman to stay, and secondly, no polling place was a decent place for a woman to be seen. He was magnanimous enough to say that men did want women to vote on the whiskey question. Think of it! Allow us to engage in the dirty work of putting whiskey out of commission but refuse us further privilege. Whiskey is, without doubt, an unspeakable evil and women are glad to aid in putting it out of business, but there is another evil worse than whiskey which like a canker, is eating at the vitals of our nation. An evil which eludes the law and strange to say in many instances there is no law to elude. Perhaps when woman gets the franchise she may be able to help our pure good men to purge the land of this abomination.

As regards woman’s province being the home, that statement admits of no argument. The average normal woman desires above all else a home and with the right kind of husband or father, one who is true and pure and loyal, and properly provides for her, she will need no coaxing. The maternal instinct is too strong for it to be likely the average woman will turn her back on a real home to seek other employment. There has been some few great souls who have foregone the pleasures of home life and spent their lives bettering conditions which surround the home. Frances E. Willard, the pioneer temperance lecturer, was one of these. She it was who said, “We need a mother heart in politics.” In the beginning of Miss Willard’s career, as a lecturer she was sneered at, ridiculed, and called unwomanly by many whose vision was not clear enough to see that she had adopted homemaking as a profession.

In the Hall of Fame within our beautiful capitol stands a solitary female figure among the galaxy of heroes. This beautiful woman, of dignified mien, lofty and noble expression, is none other than Frances E. Willard. The sculptor with his chisel has wrought as,

“Verse cannot say how beautiful thou art,
How glorious the calmness of thine eyes
Full of unconquerable energies
Telling that thou hast acted well thy part.”

As regards the polls not being a fit place for women to go, if this is so, then most emphatically it is not a fit place for our sons and husbands to go. The American woman appreciates and loves the chivalry and respects that men entertain for her sex. She has no desire to get down off of this pedestal where he has placed her, but she will never be satisfied until her husbands and sons stand right by her side, when shoulder to shoulder they may work out together the mighty problems which confront our nation. As mother, as taxpayers, and oftentimes as breadwinners, we feel we have a right to a hand in the government of our country, which in its very essence is homemaking. If the states ratify the Susan B. Anthony bill a new era for thousands of women will be ushered in, bringing with it grave responsibilities and great opportunities.

The clarion call of Joshua to the children of Israel will ring forth “Quit ye like men—choose ye this day whom ye will serve.” And every woman’s prayer, and every woman’s vote should be for
Strong minds, great hearts, true faith and willing hands.
Men who the lust of office does not kill;
Men whom the spoils of office can not buy;
Men who possess opinions and a will
Men who have honor; men who will not lie;
Men who can stand before a demagogue
And damn his treacherous flatteries without winking;
Tall men, sun-crowned, who live above the fog
In public view and in private thinking.”

--Mrs. M.B. Witmer

Texas Was 9th State to Agree That Women Should Have Right to Vote, June 28, 1919

From The Wilson Daily Times, June 28, 1919

Texas Joins Other States. . . And Agrees to Woman Suffrage Amendment In Its Ratification

Austin, Texas, June 28—Texas today became the ninth state to ratify the Federal amendment to the Constitution regarding the right to women to vote. It had previously been adopted by the Senate.

Friday, June 28, 2019

Germans Sign Peace Treaty, Hickory Daily Record, June 28, 1919

Hickory Daily Record. [volume] (Hickory, N.C.)  June 28, 1919, Image provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Bells Rung To Let People Know Treaty Was Signed, June 28, 1919

From The Wilson Daily Times, June 28, 1919

The Bells Were Rung

When the news of the signing of the Peace Treaty was flashed to the Times office this morning we at once notified Sheriff Howard, who had the court house bell rung, and this was the signal to the ministers to have the church bells of the city also give the glad news that the war is over and peace is upon the earth again. Let us hope forever. The ministers at once had their bells rung and soon the Times office was answering telephone calls asking what it all meant. We were glad to tell that the peace treaty is signed, and our boys, all of them, will soon be at home.

The treaty was signed at 3:12 (Paris Time) and this corresponds to around 10 o’clock (Washington Time) as there is a difference of about five hours in the time between here and Paris. We had a message about 10:45. This is pretty quick work.

Peace Treaty Ending World War I Signed in Paris, June 28, 1919

Johannes Bell of Germany is portrayed as signing the peace treaties on June 28, 1919 in this painting by Sir William Orpen.

From the Wilson Daily Times, June 28, 1919

The War Is Over. . . The Peace Treaty Was Signed at 3:12 This Morning, Paris Time, And Ovation Given the Big Three, Wilson, Clemenceau and David Lloyd-George Was Immense

E.O.S., Versailles, Hall of Mirrors, June 28—President Wilson and the American delegates completed the signing of the Peace Treaty at 3:15 o’clock, Paris time. It was signed by Dr. von Mueller at 3:12 and Dr. Johanne Bell for Germany at 3:13. The American delegation then affixed their names to the instrument in the following order: Secretary Lansing, Colonel House and General Bliss. The other delegates followed with the British next and the French and Italian and the smaller nations.

The Epochal meeting occurred in the hall of Mirrors where the delegates assembled at 3 o’clock and the German delegates affixed their signatures at 3:12 followed by the American delegates and the delegates of other nations. A box of old fashioned goose quills, which were sharpened by the official sharpener of the French Foreign office, were provided for the delegates who desired the old and formal way of using quills for signing State documents. President Wilson, David Lloyd George and Premier Clemenceau all affixed their names to the document together with the delegates sent to represent Italy and the Japanese. The Chinese delegation refused to sign because they were not allowed to make reservations. General Jan Christian Smutts, one of the delegates representing the Union of South Africa, signed the treaty under protest. He objected to certain stipulations in the treaty which he said would injury the industrial condition and status of the South African States.

Premier Clemenceau, David Lloyd George and President Wilson left the Hall in the same automobile amid cheering throngs. The crowd brushed the cordon aside and followed them cheering enthusiastically. Cannon boomed and air planes hovered over the historic city.

President Wilson, in an address to the American people, informs them that the war is over, and requests them to accept the Peace treaty and the League of Nations just as it is and without change or reservation.

Quiet in Washington

Official Washington took the signing of the peace treaty today calmly and quietly in marked contrast to the riotous demonstration which marked the signing of the armistice. The marine band serenade of Congress on the Capitol plaza was the only noteworthy celebration of the historic ceremony.

Thursday, June 27, 2019

Among The Union County Boys Who Landed at Newport News, Va., June 27, 1919

From the Monroe Journal, June 27, 1919

Union County Boys Land at Newport News, Va. . . . Members of the 56th Pioneer Infantry Will Go to Camp Lee, Va., for Demobilization. . . Editor of The Journal Expects to be Home Next Week

Telegrams were received yesterday from members of the 56th Pioneer Infantry stating that they had landed at Newport News, Va., and would be sent to Camp Lee, Va., to be demobilized.
It is presumed that all the Union county boys who were members of Companies B and C of the 56th, who had not previously returned to the states, were among the number landed. They are about 60 in number.

The men who landed Wednesday were entrained for Camp Wadsworth, S.C., on Aug. 8, 1918, and in five weeks they were in the battle area. Following the signing of the armistice they were attached to the Army of Occupation in Germany.

Mr. John Beasley, editor of The Journal, was a member of Company C of the regiment. He left his company on May 7 for a tour of the battle areas of France with a party of newspaper men. All expenses of those making the trip were born by the government in order that accurate and first hand information might be secured for the American people. Many of The Journal readers are looking forward to the articles which he will write regarding this trip. So far as is known he was the only newspaper man from North Carolina in the party. He is supposed to have rejoined his company two days before it left for the embarkation port.

Following are the names of the Union county men in Companies B and C who have not previously returned, and are supposed to have landed Wednesday.

Willie Hoover
Joseph C. Hill
William E. Sewell

Arthur Helms
Clifford Condor
John F. Ghant

Oscar B. Shelly
William R. Hanna
Brinkley I. Simpson

J.L. Brooks
Thomas B. Price
Maurice W. Biggers

John F. Wilson
Henry E. Harmon
Floyd M. Helms

S. Bland Keziah
Milas P. Medlin
Bryce Thomas

Wm. S. McWhorter
W.J. Summerford
Fred L. McRorie

Benj. Troy Pigg
James Fowler
Titus Long

Reece Phifer
James F. Broom
Daniel Murphy

Otis S. Braswell
Fred Threatt
E. Carl Helms

Jas. A. Williams
Mack Price
Oscar B. Nash

Newton C. Griffin
Joseph O. Ross
Samuel E. Starnes

Wm. Walter Knight
John D. Futch
Ira L. Presson

Rufus E. Duncan
Jas. A. Little
Amos A. Medlin

Geo. W. Wentz
Joseph J. James
Capers S. Mackey

Clayton E. Baucom
John T. Carpenter
Myron Green

Thomas I. McBride
Lacy L. McCormick
John A. Beasley

Louie F. Hart
John R. Winchester
Claud Duncan

T. Olin McManus
Oscar M. Abernethy

Soon, Bat Cave Will Be Calling New York City, June 26, 1919

The French Broad Hustler, Hendersonville, N.C., June 26, 1919

Bat Cave to Talk to New York City

“This is Bat Cave talking. Bat Cave—yes, Bat Cave, Near Hendersonville and Chimney Rock, you know. Yes. I want New York City, and please hurry, Central, I must talk to my party before…..”

That’s what it’s going to be soon, according to Dr. L.B. Morse, who has been talking to Morgan B. Spier, general manager of the Southern Bell. And the talking wasn’t done over long distance, either. It was at Charlotte, the other day, and Mr. Spier said there was no reason why, if the people really wanted a telephone line to Chimney Rock, there was no reason why there shouldn’t be one, and at once.

Mr. Spier will make such a recommendation in his September report, and it is believed it will be but a short time before the line is built. For many years there has been an agitation for such a line.
Mr. Spier gave three reasons why the copper wire connecting the Heart of the Blue Ridge with the outside world should be strung.

They were:

The war is over.

The lower price of copper.

The need of the service.

The return of the wires to private ownership.

As of July 4th, 1919, Watauga County's Democrat Newspaper Celebrates Its 30th Anniversary

From the editorial page of the Watauga Democrat, Boone, N.C., Thursday, June 26, 1919, R.C. Rivers, editor and proprietor

The Democrat’s 30th Anniversary

Thirty years ago, the coming 4th of July, The Democrat, under its present management, made its debut to the reading public with many misgivings as to its first voyage on the rough sea of country journalism. It began under very adverse conditions, and the breakers rolled high, but with a steady hand at the wheel, and a determination to finally steer into calmer water with the frail little barque. It has often enjoyed, temporarily smooth sailing, only to be engulfed again by the tidal waves of panics, wars, etc., etc., but, backed by as good a citizenship as any county in the State can boast, she has succeeded in avoiding destruction on the treacherous rocks and is here after her 30-year cruise to celebrate her 30th anniversary, with the boys “who have done their bit” in three great wars. It is not said boastingly, but to-day the paper is, by far, in the best shape it has ever been and has an equipment that is second to no country shop in the mountains. It has ever been its policy to live on its income and to help to the limit in whatever was for the betterment and uplift of the town, county, State and, last year when the Government made the appeal to “sacrifice until it hurts” The Democrat readily acquiesced, its idea being, aside from the danger the boys encountered “over there;” to do the part of a soldier, and we feel that we almost done it. All of this is preliminary to asking that when you come to town to celebrate the Glorious Fourth with the boys for their achievements you remember also the man who stood square back of them with every available dollar, and hand in a year’s subscription to the little paper that has always been your friend. If you owe the paper anything on subscription prior to Oct. 1, ’18, kindly settle it on that day.

Wednesday, June 26, 2019

Local News From Boone, N.C., June 26, 1919

From the Watauga Democrat, Boone, N.C., June 26, 1919

Local Affairs

Privates Fred Wilson, Clyde Phillips and Chas. Doughterty, of the famous Wild Cat Division, are the latest arrivals from overseas to Watauga.

Mr. Newton Green has bought the grass on the square and says he intends to put the plot in the prettiest shape possible for the Celebration on the 4th of July. Good for him.

Let every boy who wears the uniform, whose home is in Watauga, be on hand just as early as possible on the 4th of July. Every soldier is expected to wear his uniform on that day.

H. Grady Farthing, who has been at home for several weeks resting after 11 months service on the battle fields of France, and twice wounded, left Monday morning for Newport News, Va., where he has been tendered the same position in agent’s furnishing store he was holding when he left for the war, with a much advanced salary.

Fred. Farthing, who has completed the medical course at the University of North Carolina, is at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.W. Farthing, spending his vacation before leaving for Philadelphia, where he will finish his medical education.

Mr. John Morgan and Miss Annie Mae Shipley circulated a subscription list in the School and town for the benefit of The Valle Crucis Industrial School, the main building having been destroyed by fire a few weeks ago. The amount raised was about $100.

Enrollment in the Training School has gone beyond 200.

A.D. Blair is erecting a nice new residence in Boone near the town cemetery.

Owing to a slight wreck on the railroad near Elk Park last Monday, there was no freight train in Boone Tuesday.

Miss Allye Henry Penn returned last Friday from a visit of several days to friends in Lenoir and Newton.

Rev. and Mrs. Watts of Patterson were in town for a few hours yesterday, coming to see their daughter who is in school here.

Mr. G.C. Winkler returned to his home last week from Johns Hopkins Hospital where he had been taking treatment. It is hoped that he is somewhat improved but he is still in very poor health.

On Saturday evening last a match game of ball was played by the Blowing Rock and Boone teams on the School diamond, the result being 6 to 4, in favor of Blowing Rock.

Mr. Thos. Beach, who has been holding a position in a Virginia town, with his wife and babe, was a week-end visitor at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Beach.

Mr. T.P. Adams, Chairman of the County Board of Education, who has been in rather poor health for some time, was able to be present at a call meeting of the Board on Saturday. He is much improved, but is still feeble.

Miss Carrie Coffey who has been holding a very responsible position in the offices of the Boone Fork Lumber Co., Shulls Mills, for the past 10 months, has resigned her position and is at her home in Boone for the summer.

The churches of Pineola, Montezuma and Cranberry will picnic in Boone next Sunday. A special train of several cars will be provided for the trip. As many of the members are mine and railroad operatives, it was decided to hold it on Sunday. We hope for the big bunch of Avery’s choice people a most pleasant visit to our town.

Grand Jury Points Out That Saving Money Is Not Purpose of Government, June 26, 1919

From the News and Observer as reprinted in the Watauga Democrat, Boone, N.C., June 26, 1919

Too Much County Economy

A grand jury report that has a lot to commend it was returned to Mecklenburg county last week in which was contained a statement that too much economy is followed in county affairs. That is radical as in old-time reconstruction days Republican, but containing a lot more sound sense. A theory seems to be prevalent that the saving of expenses is the first aim of the county or state or other government. 

The fact is that saving expense is no more a function of government than of any other that has to do with buying anything.

A county is an organization which has for its purpose a joint effort of doing something. The purpose is the main factor, not the cost. If a man builds a house he does not figure on how far he can carry economy in building it but on how much of a house he can get for his money. The county might build a court house for a thousand dollars and save a lot of money. It might build roads like we have had and save the expenditure of a lot of money. It might cut out court houses, roads, schools or anything else and thereby cut down taxes. But whoever imagines that government is for the purpose of saving money?

Dallas county, in Texas, has voted $6 million for good roads. That is going it pretty steep and the figure might have been lower. The county could have $5.5 million of that and still have a considerable sum to spend for roads. But what is it Dallas county wants? It is roads. The only way to get roads is to get them, and you can’t get things you want without paying for them. The county is formed as a means to get things. We could save money and go barefooted. Or save money and walk instead of traveling by rail. Or live in a cave instead of spending money to build houses. The only trouble with all that kind of nonsense is that people get money to spend because what they want are the things money will bring. The county that economizes too much is saving to buy coffins for a dead community, and nothing else. The live county gets every modern utility is can, for modern things are money-makers and comfort-makers.
--News and Observer

Highland Lake Sold to Academy for $85,000, June 26, 1919

The French Broad Hustler, Hendersonville, N.C., June 26, 1919

Highland Lake Sold to Academy for $85,000. .  Georgia Military-Naval Academy, New Owners of Highland Lake, Spending Thousands in Advertising the School and Hendersonville

The remarkable activity in Hendersonville real estate was again accentuated on Monday when the Carolina Military-Naval academy purchased from the Williams estate of Montgomery, Ala., the magnificent Highland Lake property now occupied by the school. The consideration was $85,000.
The negotiations were conducted through the Hendersonville board of trade, which organization backed by the splendid public spirt of the town, is entirely responsible for the Carolina Military-Naval academy being now an actual part of Hendersonville. Ewbank and Ewbank, real estate brokers, acted as agent of the board of trade.

The consideration, $85,000, is the largest paid for any parcel of real estate here in several years, and indicates a most satisfactory real estate market.

As is generally known, the Georgia Military-Naval academy has the same financial interests backing it as the Military academy of which it is really a part. William Candler of Atlanta is identified with these financiers, as is Col. W.L. Peel, also of Atlanta. Many other well known men of the south are directors of the two enterprises.

Col. J.C. Woodward, in charge of the Georgia Military-Naval academy and who has close connections with the United States War department, was chairman of the board having charge of the organization of military schools for war work, in which capacity he rendered invaluable services to the government and to the country. Col. Woodward is an ardent admirer of Western North Carolina, than which he believes, there is no more beautiful country in the world.

He is also an ardent admirer of and a systematic user of newspaper publicity for his school. 

Hendersonville will greatly profit by this trait in Col. Woodward’s character for the academy is putting this city on the map.

Plenty of Food at 4th of July Celebration, But Please--No Liquor, June 26, 1919

From the editorial page of the Watauga Democrat, Boone, N.C., June 26, 1919

The 4th of July Celebration

Arrangements for the Fourth of July Celebration to be held in Boone are being made as rapidly as possible, and, the weather being favorable, we confidently expect the greatest gathering that ever assembled here. This being the case, it behooves every family to prepare a basket of the best food procurable, for, to feed such a multitude, is quite an undertaking, even if the county is interested. The ladies composing the township committees, are again reminded of the fact that it is a duty incumbent upon them to look well after the baskets, as well as their quota of cash for incidental expense—in fact, the more cash and dinner they raise, the more certain are we all of the splendid success we expect. It goes without saying that Boone will do her full share in entertaining her honored guests—the soldiery of three wars, and it is the idea of all to crowd all the innocent pleasure possible not that day for those who so richly deserve it, and any interruption will not be tolerated. The utmost confidence is placed in the soldier that they will abstain from drinking n that day—they could not afford to disgrace their uniforms, and should any one else decide to “fill up on corn liquor” for the purpose of making an exhibit of himself on that day, will be promptly attended to by the town or county authorities. This is given out as a note of warning, and it is earnestly hoped that not a single citizen of this county or other visitor, will fall into the grasp of an officer on account of liquor. It is to be handled roughly, no matter who the offender may be.

Tuesday, June 25, 2019

Car Ownership in United States Expanding; Most Own Fords, June 25, 1919

1919 Ford Model T. Nearly four-fifths of automobiles owned by Americans in 1919 were Fords.

From The University of North Carolina News Letter, June 25, 1919

Motor Cars in the U.S.

The New York Times of Feb. 2, 1919 published a table showing the number of registered cars in the states of the Union on Dec. 30, 1918 and the increases since 1914.

When the present year opened, there were nearly 6 million motor cars in the country at large. Reckoned at the minimum figure of $600 apiece, they represented an investment of more than three and one half billion dollars.

The actual value is nearer $5 billion, but we chose the smaller estimate in order to rank North Carolina with the other states in the table. Nearly four-fifths of our cars are Fords.

During 1917 and 1918 the American people bought two and a quarter million motor cars. These figures indicate an immense increase in motor truck industries, because the manufacture and use of passenger cars were abandoned or greatly decreased during the last two years of the war. The prompt delivery of short-haul, cross-country freight in small quantities is developing a tremendous demand for motor trucks.

Tractors and motor trucks will play a great part in transportation in the future. The gas engine is working a very miracle of change in transportation in sky and sea, as well as on land. In consequence we are just entering upon a great new industrial era, as the street car and railway magnates are learning.

The South Leads

Another thing worth noting is the demand for cars in agricultural areas. The greatest increase in the number of cars during the last five years has been in the farm states—the South leading. The Rocky Mountain states, the Middle West, the North and East follow in the order named. The country over, the increase in the number of cars was nearly 4-fold, but in the South the increases range from 5-fold in Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, and New Mexico, to 10-fold in Mississippi and Louisiana, and 16-fold in Oklahoma, which leads the whole United States in automobile increases. The only other conspicuous increases occur in Wyoming and Idaho, a 7-fold in the first state and 10-fold in the last. It is conclusive proof that the war has made the farm states rich, and that the farm states have gained most under war conditions, or at least that agricultural surpluses are more evenly distributed than industrial or commercial surpluses. This fact explains the low rank of Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. Manufacture enriches the few, agriculture enriches the many.

Automobile Wealth in the U.S. Per Inhabitant in 1918

Based on the Official Registration Figures of the States—New York Times, Feb. 2, 1919
S.J. Calvert, Northampton County, University of North Carolina
Average for the United States $34.20

Nebraska, $88.84 average per inhabitant
Iowa, $88.32

South Dakota, $68.53
New York, $67.82

Montana, $61.83
Kansas, $59.58

California, $55.46
North Dakota, $53.47

Wyoming, $51.84
Minnesota, $51.45

Arizona and Michigan, $50
Indiana, $47.75

Ohio, $47.48
Wisconsin, $47.16

Oregon, $44.99
Washington, $43.32

Nevada, $41.76
Idaho, $41.48

Colorado, $41.39
Connecticut, $39.60

Illinois, $36.95
Utah, $35.98

Vermont, $34.02
Maryland, $33.86

Delaware, $33.37
Texas, $32.61

Maine, $32.33
Missouri, $32.21

Oklahoma, $30.35
Florida, $30.07

Rhode Island, $28.79
Massachusetts, $27.64

New Hampshire, $27.50
Pennsylvania, $25.24

New Jersey, $25.12
New Mexico, $23.19

Georgia, $20.26
South Carolina, $20.01
Virginia, $19.39

North Carolina, $17.57

Kentucky, $16.41
Tennessee, $15.89

West Virginia, $15.43
Arkansas, $13.87

Louisiana, $12.51
Mississippi, $11.99
Alabama, $11.56

Proof That Education Pays, June 25, 1919

From The University of North Carolina News Letter, June 25, 1919

Education Pays

Statistics lately gathered show that among 150,000 uneducated children only one has a chance of becoming prominent. Given a high school education his chance is multiplied by 87 times. Elementary schooling falls between these two, while college training increases his opportunity 800 times.

Formerly farmers feared that educated children would feel they had outgrown farm conditions and would look toward the city, but in these times when automobiles, modern household appliances, and especially the use of farm power machinery are increasing in every rural district, the farmer may well change this fear for one that his children, unless well educated, cannot hold a leading position in their own community.
--American Fruit Grower

News of Our Soldiers, June 23 and 24, 1919

From the Hickory Daily Record, June 24, 1919.

More Soldiers Are Back From France

By the Associated Press

Newport News, Va., June 24—Nine officers and 470 men of the 306th supply train, 81st (Wildcat) division, arrived in port this morning on the U.S.S. Montpelier from St. Nazaire, which brought a total of 2,040 men.

Other troops aboard were veterinary hospital Number 7, Le Mans provisional battalion Number 245, headquarters detachment, 13t battalion of the 20th engineers, several service companies of the 20th engineers and a part of the 343d service battalion.

From the Hickory Daily Record, June 23, 1919.

Some Fine Pictures

Mr. C.P. Puett today received a number of beautiful photographs and post cards from his son, Mr. Raymond Vann Puett, with the ordnance department in France. The young man enlisted at Washington and for some time has been in Paris. Among the pictures are the tomb of Napoleon, Eiffel Tower and scores of other famous places in the French capital. The pictures are real art treasures and will be preserved by the lad’s father.

Vessel Arrives With Men of 81st Division

Charleston, June 23—The transport Roanoke arrived here yesterday with 1,371 officers and enlisted men from France. The soldiers were sent to Camp Jackson, Columbia, for demobilization.
Most of the veterans belong to units of the 81st (Wildcat) division. The motor battalion headquarters, medical detachment and ordnance detachment and four companies of the 306th ammunition train, and medical detachment, headquarters detachment and other companies of the 306th field signal battalion together with the divisional military police, commissary unit No. 31, the 306th mobile ordnance repair shop and a casual company made up of the complement of 35 officers and 1,336 men.

Mr. Zell T. Setzer, ordnance sergeant, was among the troops of the 81st division to land in Charleston Sunday and he is expected home from Camp Jackson the latter part of the week.

Monday, June 24, 2019

7 More N.C. Soldiers Officially Listed As Having Died, June 24, 1919

Deaths of 7 N.C. Boys Officially Announced

From The Commonwealth, Scotland Neck, N.C., June 24, 1919

12 N.C. Men Among Losses

Washington, June 24—Twelve North Carolinians are included in the army list of 217 names and the marine list of 24 names just issued. The state men are as follows:

Private Lonnie Bazemore of Windsor, killed in action.

Private Graham Daniel of Oxford, killed in action.

Private Elam Summerlin of Mount Olive was killed in action.

Corporal William F. Ingram of Rockingham was killed in action.

Private Hilary F. McClure of Waynesville was killed in action.

Private Andrew Jackson Higgins of Eunice was killed in action.

Private Alonzo Gilbert Pack of Winston Salem died of wounds.

Private Delwin Dixon of Texas was wounded severely.

Private Robert Farrow of Charlotte was wounded severely.

Private Bennie Tabon of Garments was wounded severely.

Lieutenant Harvey Smith Hester of Ashville was wounded slightly.

Sergeant Richard McLawhorne of Kinston was wounded slightly.

Plans for 4th of July Celebration in Monroe, N.C., June 24, 1919

From the Monroe Journal, June 24, 1919

Soldiers Parade Will Not Be Held July Fourth. . . Soldiers o 81st Division Will Not Have Arrived by Fourth and It Would Be Unfair to Parade Without Them. . . Nov. 11th Will be Soldier’s Day

At a meeting of the Fourth of July committee in the Chamber of Commerce rooms Saturday afternoon it was decided that on account of the fact that Union County men who served with the 81st—Wild Cat—division will not arrive in time for the Fourth that the military feature for that occasion should be abandoned and a Soldiers Day celebration held later.

The committee issued the following statement:

The committee in charge of the Fourth of July Celebration has been very much disappointed to find that the men of the 81st Division, which contains virtually one-fifth of the soldiers who left Union county, will be unable to be present on this occasion, it has been, therefore, decided that it would be unfair to them to have the parade of returned soldiers without them. In view of the fact, the committee has reluctantly decided that the military feature of the celebration should be omitted. The committee hopes, however, that every soldier will be present during the day wearing his uniform.

It is proposed, when all the soldiers have returned, to arrange a special “Soldier’s Day.” It has been suggested that Nov. 11th be set apart for that day and that it be known hereafter as Soldier’s Day.

However, with the abandonment of the military feature of the day it is still hoped to make it the most rousing celebration which Monroe has ever staged.

At the meeting Saturday the prizes to be offered for the best floats and other features were again revised and several features added. Following is the official prize list as decided upon.


Fraternal, First, $25; Second, $15.

Manufacturing, First, $20; Second, $10.

City of Monroe, First, $10.

Chamber of Commerce, First, $10.

Good Roads, First, $20.

Patriotic, First, $15; Second, $10.

School, First, $15; Second, $5.

Poultry, First, $10; Second, $5.

Farm, First, $15; Second, one bag of top dressing, valued at $10, donated by the Southern Cotton Oil Co.

Live Stock, First, one bag of top dressing, valued at $10, donated by C.M. Redfern, representing the Navassa Guano Co.

Best Decorated

Truck, First, $10; Second, $5.

Automobile, First, $10; Second, $5.

Carriage, First, $10; Second, $5.

Pony Buggy, First, $5; Second, $3.

Bicycle, First, $5; Second, $3.

Store front, including show window, First, $15; Second, $10.


Clown, First, $10; Second, $5.

Devil, First, $5.

Pair of mules in parade, one bag of top dressing, valued at $10, donated by the Southern Cotton Oil Co.

Pair of horses in parade, one bag of top dressing, valued at $10, donated by C.M. Redfern, representing the Navassa Guano Co.

Mule colt, under 2 years old, in parade, First, $5; Second, $2.50.

Horse colt, under 2 years of age, in parade, First, $5; Second, $2.50.

Best looking mounted police or constable in the county, First, $5; Second, $2.50.

Mr. A.W. McCall, jeweler, will give a $25 solid gold cameo brooch to the prettiest woman, under 25 years of age, in the parade.


“Centipede” First, $5; Second, $2.50.

Wheelbarrow, First $2; Second, $1.

Potato, First, $2.50.

Foot, First, $3; Second, $2.

Shoe Shuffle, First $2.

W.O. Lemmond will stage an Old Fiddlers’ Convention on the courthouse square.

The following information concerning the celebration is also of interest:


G.B. Caldwell, Chief; H.H. Wilson, Assistant.

Buford Township—T.P. Starnes, Clyde Lathan, Thos. E. Williams, B.W. Laney, Clyde Griffin.

Goose Creek—W.H. Pressley, Fernando D. Helms, Oscar Clontz, T.L. Blackman, Jeff A. Sell.

Jackson Township—J.L. Rodman, A.A. Haigler, Olin Niven, J.A. Starnes, John Billue.

Lane’s Creek—Howard Morgan, F.M. Smith, T.L. Baker.

Marshville Township—W.O. Harrell, W.G. Hearon, B.G. Hallman, M.O. Bowman, T.C. Collins.

Monroe Township—R.B. Redwine Jr., J.C. Maynor, Joel Griffin, Earl Griffith, Paul Griffith.

New Salem Township—Hoyle W. Simpson, R.L. Smith, P.P. Purser, C.W. Simpson, H.W. Staton.

Sandy Ridge Township—Price Howey, Irwin Simpson, Richard Hudson, Sam Redwine, M.C. Reid.

Vance Township—James Smith, J.L. Yonts Jr., Z.A. Pressley, T.W. Stinson, J.Q. Squires.


R.A. Morrow, Chariman

R.B. Redwine, Vice-Chairman

T.L. Riddle, Secretary

G.B. Caldwell, Treasurer


T.P. Dillon, General Manager

Floats—J.M. Morrow Jr., F.H. Dillon

Decoration of store fronts and windows—Mrs. W.C. Crowell.

Decoration of Automobiles and Trucks—Mrs. John C. Sikes.

Decoration of Vehicles—Miss Hannah Blair.

Regalias—Miss Beatrice Fairley.

Judges—J.W. Laney

Band—Major Hugh Hinde

Fireworks—J.H. Beckley

Livestock—R.C. Griffin

Soft Drinks—W.J. Trull

Fiddler’s Conventin—W.O. Lemmond

Races and Games—J.O. Fulenwider

Airplanes—C.B. Adams, R.G. Laney, T.L. Crowell

Information—J.G. Rogers

Committee—R.A. Morrow, R.B. Redwine, T.L. Riddle, G.B. Caldwell, T.P. Dillon, W.B. Love, W.O. Lemmond, J.C. Sikes, T.C. Eubanks, C.J. Braswell, Carl Wolfe, M.L. Baker, L.E. Huggins, R.L. McWhirter, A.H. McLarty, T.J.W. Broom, Geo. W. Smith Sr., J.N. Price, D.W. Austin.

Shops To Close in Hickory For 4th of July, June 24, 1919

From the Hickory Daily Record, Tuesday, June 24, 1919

Merchants Close Here July Fourth

Hickory merchants will play true to form Friday, July 4, and close their stores for the day. This has not been decided officially, but President Bisanar said today there will be no doubt what the vote would e and the Record was authorized to state that the merchants and their clerks would have that one day to themselves.

With the peace treaty signed and orations being the feature of July 4, almost every business can afford to close on that well known day. There will be a prize fight in Toledo, but most folks hereabouts hope that both artists will be beaten.

The Fourth will mean a few more things to Americans this year than every before, and the day can be used to advantage by everybody. It will be a holiday in Hickory.

Humans Prefer Order to Chaos, Says Hickory Record Editor, June 24, 1919

From the editorial page of the Hickory Daily Record, June 24, 1919.

Order at Last

The Record never doubted for one minute that the Germans would sign the peace treaty. Human beings naturally love order, and the Germans have been an orderly people. That is their history. Great warriors also they have been, but they lived under a system of government for a thousand years that made them fighters and under conditions which seemed to them to make fighting necessary. The older order has passed in Germany, and we are hopeful that there is only a small percentage of the wild fellows in that country now. The Record is even optimistic enough to believe that the Russians, now dominated by a set of wild, impracticable brigands, will evolve a system of government that will work satisfactorily and that in a few years the whole world will be at peace again, except for the spasmodic outbreaks which have occurred from time to time in various parts of the world. We are to have order, because normal human beings prefer order to chaos.

Sunday, June 23, 2019

To Escape Utter Destruction, We Must Do Away With War, June 20, 1919

From the editorial page of the Brevard News, Friday, June 20, 1919

War is not what it used to be. Science has made it unutterably destructive and would make the next one annihilating. To escape the destruction of civilization, there must be no more war. The League of Nations points the way to peace; such a league is a compact against war. The world needs a compact of that kind and the American people will register approval of the efforts of President Wilson to secure it. The same, but it should not be a bird of American eagle might not be the prey.

Congregation Glad Rev. Koepplin Will Remain at Claremont, June 19, 1919

From the Hickory Daily Record, June 19, 1919

Rev. Mr. Koepplin to Remain at Claremont

In response to the unanimous request of the members of St. Marks and St. Johns Evangelical Lutheran churches, Rev. J.C. Koepplin of Claremont has refused a call extended to him by his old church at Sulphur Springs, Ohio, which he left 20 years ago for Detroit. Mr. Koepplin built the church at Sulphur Springs, is very much attached to it and the people, but his friends in the south have been lovely to him, he likes the climate and the chance for larger pecuniary returns could not move him from a community that he loves. His friends throughout this section will be glad he is to remain in the county.

Nichols Brothers Write Home, June 20,1919

From the Brevard News, Friday, June 20, 1919

Nichols Boys Write of Experiences

Mr. and Mrs. Z.W. Nichols have just received letters from their sons, Z.W. Jr. and Charles, which give vivid accounts of the experiences of these young men who have been in the service of their country for some time.

Z.W. is now managing the Leon Hotel in Washington City which was used during the war as a home for soldiers and sailors.

Charles sailed June the 7th from New York on the U.S.S. El Sol for France where he has been detailed for special work in the demobilization unit. He will probably be overseas until July the first.

Impressive Lady Evangelist at Brevard Methodist Church, June 20, 1919

From the Brevard News, Friday, June 20, 1919

Lady Evangelist at Methodist Church

Mrs. Olin P. Ader, evangelist, is here for two weeks work in this community. Mrs. Ader is one of a very small number of women in the country who are regularly appointed ministers of the gospel. Mrs. Ader and her husband, Rev. O.P. Ader, who is pastor of the Haywood Street Methodist Church in Asheville, are conducting a series of meetings at the Brevard Methodist Church. Both ministers have been speaking to crowded houses since the opening of the meetings last Sunday. Mrs. Ader preached the initial sermon on Sunday morning to a large and deeply interested audience. She chose for the theme of her first discourse to a Brevard congregation the subject of “Responsibility and Opportunity” and developed with convincing logic her argument that every mortal is placed in the world with the specific responsibility of making it better and making some definite contribution toward the higher development of humanity. To every one, the speaker said, comes some opportunity for a personal share in the good work of the world which can be done by no one else. “Do not think,” said she, “that because you are not a preacher or a teacher you have nothing to do. Opportunities are daily all around you for doing good if you will only see them.” Mrs. Ader is a very pleasant speaker with easy delivery and clear enunciation.

Saturday, June 22, 2019

Brevard Begins Planning Welcome Home Celebrations for Soldier Boys for July, 1919

From the Brevard News, Friday, June 20, 1919

Celebration to Honor Soldiers

Representatives from the several clubs, fraternal and business organizations of Brevard, met last Thursday night and organized for the purpose of giving our returned soldier boys a “Welcome Home” during the month of July.

The plan adopted was to have a “Picnic Dinner” in Brevard as early in July as possible, in fact just as soon as our boys get home.

It was impossible to have this entertainment on July 4th as every band was engaged, and it was decided that we should have a first class brass band.

The good citizens of the county are all invited to come and bring dinner.

While the plans have not been fully decided upon as to detail and date the present idea is to have a parade of all the returned soldiers and sailors in uniform, also have all the veterans of the Civil and other wars, also the various fraternal bodies, the Red Cross, Boy Scouts, and several floats and the procession will be led by the band.

Mr. J.S. Silversteen was appointed chairman of the General Committee and he will announce the chairmen of the several other committees in next week’s paper.

This celebration is four our “boys” and it is hoped that every citizen of the county will get interested and help to make it the best and biggest entertainment ever had in the county. Watch the paper for further notices and please answer promptly any letters that you may receive from the committee.

Begin right now to talk about this “Welcome Home” and we hope that every man, woman and child in the county will be here. Let’s show our boys how glad we are to have them back home with us and that we appreciate what they did for us.

Air Show Impressed Wilson Folk, June 17, 1919

From the Wilson Daily Times, June 17, 1919

Made a Fine Flight

Lt. Leazar and Sergt. Rieth entertained the people of Wilson last evening and demonstrated that he is a wonderful flyer when he circles a number of times over the city and did all kinds of stunts for the amusement of our people. He did the nose dip, colplaned, turned somersaults, and cavorted around mightily in the air. He rose to magnificent altitudes and then dipped down to near the earth. It was a fine spectacle and the people of Wilson appreciate his efforts to entertain them. Later he took Secretary Barlow over the city as related in another article.

These gentlemen have opened as aviation recruiting station in the rooms of the Chamber of Commerce and if you are interested in flying see them. The airmen are certainly enthusiastic over the subject of flying. They believe it is the coming method of Locomotion, because one can travel so much faster anywhere he desires to go than by any other method known to man. To sail through the air at the rate of 100 miles an hour is going some and above there are no obstructions either to interfere with the speed enthusiasts.

Left This Morning

The three planes under the command of Major Strong left Wilson this morning and the Country Club grounds about 11:30 for Weldon or Emporia, Va., where they dined. They will tomorrow, if the weather is good, keep on to Richmond and Washington and from thence to Atlantic City. They expect to return in about 20 days after their machines undergo repairs. They like Wilson and the club grounds, and desire us to thank the people of Wilson for the many courtesies shown them while in this city.

The airmen intended to leave yesterday afternoon but were unable to do so on account of the fog and threatening weather. There was some fog north of the city early this morning. The pathfinder or scout plane made an early ascent to ascertain how the clouds lay and found some fog. They could not make the flight then and waited until after 11 o’clock, until the Times weather reports for the day came in and we helped them to secure the weather up and down the road. Finding it clear in the neighborhood of Weldon and Emporia they started after the scout plane had been up and tried the air.

Editor Favors Setting Up Recorder's Court, Profitable City Water and Sewer, June 20, 1919

From the editorial page of The Franklin Times, Louisburg, N.C., June 20, 1919, A.F. Johnson, editor and manager.

A friend of the Recorder’s Court jumped us as being unfair the past week by saying that the Recorder’s Court of Nash County only cost $1,000 without saying this was practically offset in the saving of jail fees. These statements are taken from a letter from Mr. J.N. Sills, C.S.C., of Nash County. We did not intend to leave anything unsaid and especially from this communication we view the whole letter as a strong argument against the Recorder’s Court. If a County the size of Nash County can’t make a Recorder’s Court more than self-sustaining with a cost of only $1,000, how on earth can Franklin County hope to do so with a cost of approximately $4,000, remembering that Nash County being practically twice as large as Franklin it is only reasonable to expect it to have twice as much court work. Again we don’t believe the actual expenditure of Franklin County for expenses of prisoners held for trial will average $500 a year, for the past five years, even including the past 12 months when we had only two weeks of court when we should have had 10. Mr. Voter, this is your right. You should inform yourself and use common sense.


The Town Commissioners of Louisburg are up against an exceedingly embarrassing conditions just at this time and every individual citizen should be especially careful of letting his momentary feelings be heard in expressions that will case the commissioners lot to be any heavier. The question of lights and water for Louisburg is a much more serious proposition right now than ever before. The plant has done bad and some change has got to be made. The Board feels it is their duty to do the best possible for the town but it also feels that it should at least show some respect for the wishes of the people. On account of the system of bookkeeping management, location of the plant, it has never shown up successful to the public. It has always taken the shape of a bugaboo or (words obscured) the average voter is more or less sore on the subject. Therefore a great desire to have the town sell out to the Carolina Light and Power co. is being expressed. This sounds too much like a parallel to Esau selling his birthright for a mess of pottage. At least it is a deal that should be handled slowly and carefully. Every means of production economically under the town’s management should first be considered. And then an actual cost of street lighting power for water pumping and other expenses the town would have to pay should they sell should be ascertained and figured. One of Louisburg’s most successful citizens stated to us this we he would not want any better business than to have a franchise to furnish light for Louisburg. It is a profitable for an individual why shouldn’t it be profitable for the Town? We are reproducing a letter elsewhere in this issue from the Mayor Southport, N.C., which shows that by changing their system the town saved about $700 a month. Louisburg can do the same thing. At least it is worth investigating. Therefore we should be more guarded in the expressions of our opinions until we have instituted an actual investigation that will substantiate our idea and then let’s take it to the Board and present our figures in a spirit of helping them to do the right thing for the town rather than to tell them what to do.

Friday, June 21, 2019

Huge Aerial Liners Will Cross Oceans With Perfect Safety and Speed, June 21, 1919

From the Wilson Daily Times, June 21, 1919. To see what Curtiss aircraft actually looked like in 1919, see the online version of the Glenn H. Curtiss Aviation Museum, Hammonsport, N.Y., at

Aviation Making Rapid Strides

It is estimated that aviation is about 20 years in advance of what it would have been had it not been for the war, and now that peace has been declared, this knowledge is being turned from a means of destruction to one of usefulness to the commercial world. It will be only a matter of a few years until huge aerial liners will be crossing the oceans from continent to continent with perfect safety and tremendous speed.

The young men of the country are seeing into the future of the enterprise, and are preparing themselves for the time when the commercial world will acknowledge aviation as an indispensable asset to the commercial world.

The following announcement was made by the War Department yesterday:

Milburn Archie Bishop, 2511 Oak Avenue, Newport News, Va., has been awarded a civilian license to operate an aeroplane, the War Department announced today. Mr. Bishop’s number will be 632. These licenses cover the United States.

Messrs. Bishop and J.J. Privette Jr. returned from Washington and New York last night, where they went to purchase a Curtiss plane, but were unable to get one delivered under 30 to 40 days, owing to the out put being sold entirely out. Just a few minutes before they reached the Curtiss office one man bought 25 planes, which was the available stock.

These gentlemen leave tomorrow night for several points south, where they will select the most suitable city to establish a school, and make all arrangements for same while awaiting delivery of planes. The first place, however, to be visited by them, after receiving plan will be Wilson where they will stop a few days at the country club.

Car Accidents Leave People With Injuries, June 17, 20, 21, 1919

From the Wilson Daily Times, June 21, 1919

Abe Goodwyn Hurt

Abe Goodwin, 8 years of age, was run over today in front of the Princess theatre and badly bruised about the head and shoulders. It was necessary to take three stitches in the back of his neck. No bones are broken.

The boy was struck by a colored driver named Perry who was driving a car, the property of Mr. U.H. Cozart. The child had started to turn his bicycle across the street when the automobile struck him and knocked him down. The child is in a local hospital and is resting quietly.


From The Franklin Times, Louisburg, N.C., June 20, 1919

Auto Accident

While on their way to Raleigh Sunday for a day’s outing, Mr. J.L. Young driving his Briscoe, with Messrs. Bruce Shearin, Frank Shearin and Orris Moseley had the misfortune of experiencing a turnover just this side of the Neuse River Bridge. From what we can gather it seems that a spring broke, dropping the car down on the steering gear, throwing the car out from under control. The car left the road and turned completely over twice and almost a third time.

In the accident Mr. Young received any ugly cut on his arm and a badly bruised leg. Frank Shearin was injured in the stomach and Bruce Shearin received a badly bruised leg, while Moseley escaped without accident. The wounded were taken to Raleigh where they were treated at a hospital. The car as pretty badly damaged.


From the Hickory Daily Record, June 17, 1919

Victim of Automobile in Serious Condition

The small daughter of Mr. Charles Travis of Newton, who was run over Saturday afternoon by Mr. Wade Gilbert, was in a serious condition last night, according to news from Newton today, and it is doubtful if the child will recover. It is said that in recent months Newton speed ordinances are not being observed and that the fine Main street is being used as a race track. There is strong sentiment for enforcing the ordinance, it is said.

Growing and Canning Tomatoes Is Profitable Venture For Franklin Teenager, June 20, 1919

From The Franklin Times, Louisburg, N.C., June 20, 1919

Good Canning Record Made by This Club Girl

“I have dressed myself, paid for music lessons, bought books and thrift stamps, helped my mother, who is a widow, and have enough to pay my expenses in college next year,” was the answer of a club girl in Franklin County, N.C., when asked how she had used the money she had made in canning during the past five years.

This girl, Monnie Stallings, a member of a canning club established by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and North Carolina Agricultural College (NCSU) has a fine five-year canning record. She joined a canning club in the spring of 1914, when the work was new, and canned 550 No. 3 cans of tomatoes from her tenth-acre that year. She was awarded a medal for the largest number of jars canned from a tenth-acre plot, and also won a number of merchandise prizes. The next year she canned 1,000 cans, and again won the medal for canning the largest number of cans in the county. Her exhibit in glass won #$126 in cash prizes. In 1916 her canning exhibit won several prizes—a pure-bred Jersey heifer, worth $100; a college scholarship in domestic science, and $5 in cash. The fourth year 1,300 cans were filled, and an exhibit of them won blue ribbons in her township fair and $27 in cash at the county fair. In the summer of 1918, although it was a bad fruit year in North Carolina, she canned 1,000 cans and won a medal and subscriptions to magazines.

Thursday, June 20, 2019

How Mrs. Strickland Built A Paying Poultry Business, June 20, 1919

From The Franklin Times, Louisburg, N.C., June 20, 1919

Builds a Paying Poultry Business

West Raleigh, N.C.—By carefully culling her flock of all boarder hens, or non producers, and buying high-priced pure-bred breeds, Mrs. W.I. Strickland proprietor of Orpington Farm at Katesville in Franklin County has succeeded in building up a valuable poultry business.

As reported by Mr. A.G. Oliver, Extension Poultry Specialist, Mrs. Strickland began her work in the spring of 1910 with only two pure-bred hens and one cockerel. From these were raised $6 chicks during the first year. In November the flock was culled to 20 hens and two cockerels. Two additional cockerels were purchased early in 1911 for $25, which were used to further strengthen the old 1910 flock.

In 1911, a pen of five strong, vigorous birds was purchased for $75, and to this pen was added six of the best hens, making what Mrs. Strickland designated as pen No. 1. From these she sold a large number of eggs at $4 per sitting, and later in October sent exhibit to the State Fair, taking many premiums and four blue ribbons for the best pullets in the show.

So encouraging were the results of the 1912 work that in 1913 she decided to further improve the flock by buying a cockerel for which she paid $100. With this bird and the four blue ribbon pullets of the previous year and six of her best hens, Mrs. Strickland made up pen No. 2, with which she again took several premiums at the State Fair.

In all, during 1912, 1913, and 1914, $2,200 worth of birds and eggs were sold from Orpington Farm. Good results were secured because these pure-bred hens were often laying when their chicks were only three weeks old, though they still took care of the young.

Aggressive work with the different pens was suspended in February, 1915, because of Mrs. Strickland’s being afflicted with blindness and being unable to give the flock good attention. However, new blood was introduced each yea r and in the spring of 1919, when her sight was partially restored, Mrs. Strickland took up her work again, having on hand a fine bunch of birds led by two blue ribbon winners with 35 hens. During January, February, and March of this year, while most chickens were doing practically nothing, this flock hatched out 138 little chicks and produced enough eggs to permit of 45 dozen being sold for food, besides a good number for sitting. At the same time the family had ?? for table use.

In Mrs. Strickland’s opinion, the White Orpington is white in name and nature, being good layers, careful sitters, and attentive mothers. During the winter months there is always a pitiful few for eggs, she states, and leads in heavy winter laying when eggs are bring their highest market price.